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This is my Real Life Story: Troubled Galaxy Destroyed Dreams. It is hightime that I should share my life with you all. So that something may be done to save this Galaxy. Please write to: bangasanskriti.sahityasammilani@gmail.comThis Blog is all about Black Untouchables,Indigenous, Aboriginal People worldwide, Refugees, Persecuted nationalities, Minorities and golbal RESISTANCE.

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    Press Release- French Nuclear Safety Authorities reveal EPR's vulnerability as Modi visits France






    French Nuclear Safety Authorities reveal EPR's vulnerability as Modi visits France to advance nuclear purchase

    The French nuclear safety regulator ASN has reported extremely serious defects in  the European Pressurized Reactor being built atFlamanville (France) by the French nuclear company Areva.

    The detected defects have to do with substandard material used in crucial components, the bottom and the lid of the EPR pressure vessel, the very heart of the reactor. These components cannot be repaired once the reactor goes critical.

    The revelation vindicates long-standing safety concerns of independent nuclear experts and citizens' groups especially in Finland and India where Areva is constructing or planning to build EPRs.

    This revelation coincides with Prime Minister Modi's visit to France, during which he is expected to finalize a nuclear agreement with Areva. It should force the Indian government to rethink its nuclear expansion plans.

    The EPR's design and construction have run into unending problems both in France and Finland, where the first such reactor has been under construction since 2005. Its completion has been delayed from 2009 at least till 2018, and its costs have nearly tripled.

    France, once the nuclear industry's poster-boy, has itself decided to scale down nuclear power generation by 25% and make an "energy transition" to renewable sources.

    Next week (18th April) marks the fourth anniversary of the killing in a police firing of Tabrez Sayekar, from Sakhri Nate near Jaitapur in Maharashtra. Jaitapur is where Areva is planning to construct the world's largest nuclear plant, in the teeth of strong public protests. Over the last four years, Areva has gone almost bankrupt. Vulnerabilities of the EPR design have been repeatedly revealed; and an earthquake fault-line discovered running through the proposed Jaitapur site.


    After Fukushima (2011), which revealed the inherent problems of nuclear safety, a number of countries have abandoned nuclear power.


    We urge the Indian government to give up its nuclear obsession and immediately declare a moratorium on all nuclear negotiations and under-construction projects. It must respect the views of citizens and local communities, including farmers and fisherfolk, who oppose nuclear power because it threatens their lives and livelihoods.


    We also ask the French government to respect human life in India and terminate the nuclear negotiations in the wake of the new revelations about the EPR.


    For CNDP
    Praful Bidwai

    Achin Vanaik

    Lalita Ramdas

    Abey George

    Kumar Sundaram

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    India ranks lower than even Nepal


    Social Progress Index puts Norway on top and U.S. at 16th place while Nepal, Bangladesh rank higher than India.

    Out of 133 countries rated on indicators of well-being such as health, water and sanitation, personal safety, access to opportunity, tolerance, inclusion, personal freedom and choice India has secured the 101th place. This is lower than India's rank, of 93, for GDP per capita income. Even Nepal and Bangladesh rank higher than India on the Social Progress Index (SPI) ratings to be released globally on Thursday. Norway has bagged the first rank; the U.S. is at the 16th place.

    On the parameter 'Tolerance and inclusion' India ranks 128th and is at the 120th place on 'health and wellness' that, says economist and executive director of the SPI, Michael Green, is the toughest parameter for a country to excel at. As a country becomes richer while tackling sanitation and water becomes easier, tougher challenges emerge such as air pollution and obesity, Dr. Green told The Hinduin an exclusive phone interview. The U.S. despite its high levels of spending on health and wellness ranks 68th.

    Even harder to tackle are freedom and tolerance, he says. "The most striking findings for India are the worst performance on the tolerance and inclusion front…It's a complex problem in a diverse country…another thing I will be watching for as India grows economically is when obesity as a crisis will start hitting." The SPI was launched in 2013 and is based on 52 indicators of countries' social and environmental performance. It includes no economic indicators and measures outcomes. The UN's Human Development Index and Bhutan's Gross National Happiness Index are also alternate measures for well being but they use GDP or other economic measures.

    Focusing exclusively on GDP implies measuring progress in purely monetary terms and failing to consider the wider picture of the real things that matter to real people, Dr. Green says. "GDP isn't bad but it's not the whole story… alongside economic growth social progress is more important for policymaking."

    Need for a complete model to measure growth: SPI official

    Unlike GDP, a country cannot boost its SPI score just by improving the lives of the most well off, or even the majority. At any level of GDP per capita, countries with lower poverty tend to have higher social progress, the SPI shows.

    "Richer countries do better on the SPI as more GDP in general makes lives better but that is not the whole story…there is good correlation between GDP and social progress but not perfect correlation as other things matter…and therefore there is need for a complete model not just a GDP methodology," says executive director of the Social Progress Index, Michael Green.

    As the GDP is increasingly seen as an adequate measure of only economic progress but not overall well-being, the World Bank, OECD and European Commission are in discussions to adopt measures of social progress as an indicator of inclusive growth.

    "Time is right for new thinking…The inequality debate over the last ten years has showed that there is need to bring inclusion on board. Kuznets when he created the GDP knew and said it was not perfect," Dr. Green says. The concept of GDP was introduced in the 1930s by economist Simon Kuznets, who warned at the time that "the welfare of a nation can… scarcely be inferred from a measurement of a national income" such as GDP.

    The European Commission is set to create an SPI for the regions of the European Union. Paraguay is using it to guide an inclusive national development plan for 2030. Cities across Latin America, such as Rio de Janeiro and Bogota, are setting up SPIs to guide urban renewal strategies.

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    Odisha – the struggle for community control over land, forests and natural resources 

    No matter how much compensation is promised, companies will need 'a social licence' to conduct business on the land of the people

    Gaurav Madan

    For the past 20 years, local communities across the eastern Indian state of Odisha have engaged in numerous movements to protect their customary lands and forests against industrial and government interests. Several have captured global attention, documenting resistance from some of India's most marginalised communities in the face of dispossession and displacement.
    Now, Odisha's communities are mobilising once more to assert their rights over the resources that define their culture and survival, using modern technology and India's Forest Rights Act of 2006 (FRA).

    Last month, in the village of Gunduribadi in Nayagarh district, I met with community members who have come together to legally document and claim their customary forest and grazing lands, fisheries, water bodies, medicinal plants, traditional knowledge, and sites of their livelihoods. Equipped with a government-issued map from 1983, GPS machines, and bottles of water, we set out under the blazing sun. We quickly crossed the administrative boundary of the village, and over the next six hours, scaled the steep slopes of the hills surrounding us.

    Along the way were landmarks erected by the British demarcating the land as a state-owned reserve forest. Today, the villagers are reclaiming this land as their own. The GPS-generated map will be the final seal on their recent application for a title recognising their land and forest rights under the FRA.

    The FRA was born from growing disenfranchisement fermenting in the heart of India's forests and a subsequent complex negotiation with the government. The Act begins by acknowledging the historical injustice adivasis and traditional forest dwellers have faced due to the non-recognition of their rights over their ancestral lands. This injustice has roots in the colonial rule, when land policies were intended to commercialise and exploit India's forests by declaring tribal and traditional forest-dwelling communities' homelands as state property and dispossessing millions in the process. These policies were largely continued by the post-colonial state.

    "Most of the forests in the country are customary community lands. They belong to the people. First, the British took them away, and then after independence, the government identified them as State forests without following due legal process. (Through the FRA) the State is not being benevolent in 'giving' people new rights, but belatedly recognising their pre-existing rights," says Madhu Sarin, a member of the Campaign for Survival and Dignity, a national coalition that led the mobilisation for the enactment of the FRA.

    Rapid industrial development brings new threats to communities

    Addressing the injustices of the past is not the only exigency facing forest-dependent communities. Across Odisha, and indeed across India, local communities are facing pressures from rapid industrial development and resource extraction. One example is the village of Dhinkia in Jagatsinghpur district, where communities have been engaged in a vibrant movement against the multinational steel manufacturing company POSCO over the past decade.

    The people of Dhinkia earn a substantial livelihood from betel leaf cultivation. Any resident in Dhinkia will tell you that life there revolves around paano, dhaano, aurmino (betel leaf, rice, and fish). Behind every home you will find a shady patch dedicated to the growth of Paan leaves. Besides these palm-frond-covered nurseries are expansive rice fields and cashew trees that supplement household incomes. The residents' connection to land is as strong as the resistance that has defined the area over the past 10 years.

    Women from Dongria Kondh village in Odisha (Photo: Sayantan Bera)Women from Dongria Kondh village in Odisha (Photo: Sayantan Bera)

    In 2005, the state government of Odisha signed an agreement with POSCO promising 1,619 hectares of land to build a plant to process iron ore that the company would mine. The project was pronounced as the largest foreign direct investment ever made in India. As details of the agreement were slowly revealed, it became clear that no formal consultations were held with the communities who would be affected by the project. The company had also failed to conduct any environmental or social impact assessments. The people of Dhinkia launched a movement to resist the takeover. After a decade of violent escalation and protests, they are still resolute.

    "Our dream is for our children and grandchildren to live here on this soil. We don't want any compensation. We want to stay here," says a woman leader as she recalls the day she was shot at with rubber bullets. Another woman leader, who faces over 30 charges due to her involvement with the movement, reiterates, "I will give up my life before I give up my land."

    A critical tool to assert rights

    Back in Gunduribadi, as we began climbing the hills, Sudha Ranjan—a volunteer with Maa Maninag Jungle Sureksha Parishad, a local federation of forest protection villages supporting the mapping process—explained to me, "Land is being leased to companies for industry and mining. Companies stand to make a lot of money and politicians will benefit. But for the communities, there is only loss. Across Odisha, you see places where there is resistance. Tomorrow, something could happen here, too. Now with the FRA, the communities can have rights over their forests, non-timber forest products, and medicinal plants."

    In March 2008, the Palli Sabha (village assembly) of Dhinkia invoked the FRA and claimed hundreds of hectares of forestland that had been earmarked for construction of the POSCO plant. But over the next several years, the government repeatedly issued project clearances and delayed implementing the law. In 2010, village assemblies again rejected the diversion of forest land for the company under the FRA. Yet, to date, as in much of Odisha, no formal community forest land titles have been granted.

    While the FRA remains one tool for communities to assert their rights to protect, document, and manage their customary lands and resources, due to a lack of awareness and the reluctance of local administrations to grant titles, it must be accompanied by a larger effort to respect community rights.

    As Sudhir Pattnaik, journalist and editor of independent newspaper and media outlet Samadrusti, says, "The FRA has given an instrument in people's hands to claim their land, given they are sufficiently organised. Mobilisation is the only answer. People will need to organise and resist. When the government violates its own laws and the media remains silent, there is a need for organised protest. There is no alternative to that."

    No substitute for an ecological economy

    The huge risk of social conflict that opaque business practices create is undeniable. A 2014 study conducted by the Rights and Resources Initiative and the Society for Promotion of Wasteland Development found that at least a quarter of India's districts are embroiled in some form of conflict over land and resource takeover. The POSCO case illuminates that when communities anticipate threats to their lands and livelihoods from external companies, there will be significant repercussions for all concerned parties.

    In Dhinkia, while things have calmed in recent years, it seems unlikely that POSCO will ever acquire the promised land. No matter what assurances of compensation are provided, a majority of Dhinkia's people are defiant in their opposition to any type of industrial use of their land. As Pattnaik says, "Money is not a substitute for an ecological economy."

    The struggle for community control over land, forests and natural resources in Odisha points to the need for a new approach towards investment and development. With the recent election of Narendra Modi's government, there have been attempts to dilute the FRA and other legislative safeguards protecting community rights in order to fast-track investment. Already the new government has introduced an ordinance aimed at weakening the 2013 land acquisition Act by removing consent and social impact assessment requirements for a significant number of projects.

    However, from Jagatsinghpur to Khandadhar to Niyamgiri, community resistance shows that no matter what agreement is signed and how much compensation is promised, companies will need "a social licence" to conduct business. This means obtaining free, prior, and informed consent from the communities that reside on the land. Coupled with responsible investment policy and practice, the recognition of the customary rights of millions of forest-dwellers under the FRA can contribute to the largest land reform in India's history—as well as towards inclusive democracy and development.


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    আহমদ শরীফের ডায়েরি #০৩

    Kai Kaus

    "... হুজুগে বাঙালী, সুযোগসন্ধানী, সুবিধেবাদী নগদজীবী বাঙালী। চাটুকারিতায় তোয়াজে তোষামোদে স্তবে-স্তুতিতে ছোট-বড়-মন্দ-মাঝারি সব দেবতার পূজারী বাঙালী আবার যথাসময়ে যথাস্থানে যথাপ্রয়োজনে যথাপাত্রে অকৃতজ্ঞ হয়ে বেওয়াফা হয়ে নতুন শক্তির ওফাদারী হচ্ছে বাঙালীর চারিত্রিক বৈশিষ্ট্য। চিরকাল বাঙালী তাই পর-প্রভাবিত, মেরুদন্ডহীন-অনৃতভাষী, আত্মসম্মানবোধ-রিক্ত, পরাধীন, ভীত-ভেতো, সরকার ঘেঁষা, সরকার ভীরু ও সরকারের পা চাটা। তার বাঘা-তেজ নেই, আছে সর্বার্থে ও সর্বাত্মকভাবে কুকুরেপনা - তবু কুকুরের মতো প্রভুর দু:খে-বিপদে-আপদে প্রভুর প্রতি অনুরাগ, আনুগত্য, প্রভুর অনুগামিতা তার থাকে না। এক্ষেত্রে কুকুরেরও অধম। এটি কুকুরের মহৎ গুণ কিন্তু বাঙালীর তা নেই। সে আত্মরতিপরায়ণ বলেই নিমক হারাম।

    মুজিবকে যারা হত্যা করল, তারা গোড়ায় সবাই মুজিবের অনুগতই ছিল। শেখ মুজিব মুক্তিযুদ্ধে প্রেরণার ও প্রণোদনার উৎস ছিলেন, তিনি এ ব্যক্তিত্ব ও নেতৃত্ব অর্জন করেননি নিজ গুণে বা যোগ্যতায়। ছয়দফায় তিনি একজন দলীয় নেতা হয়েছিলেন; গোটা বাঙালীর নয়। আগরতলা ষড়যন্ত্র মামলায় বাঙালী মাত্রই অপমানিত বোধ করে উত্তেজিত হয়েছিল, কেননা মুসলিমলীগকে ১৯৪৬ সনে ভোট দিয়ে ব্রিটিশের হাত শক্ত করে ব্রিটিশের ভেদনীতিকে সফল করে পাকিস্তানপ্রাপ্তি ঘটিয়েছিল বাঙালী মুসলিমরাই, উত্তর ভারতীয় রইস মুসলিমদের প্র্য়োজন-পূরণ লক্ষ্য না বুঝেই। শেখ মুজিব বাঙালীর ক্ষোভ ও ক্রোধের মুক্তির প্রতীক ও পরম প্রতিভু হয়ে উঠলেন।

    শেখ মুজিবের সাড়ে তিন বছরের দু:শাসন কিন্তু হত্যা-লুন্ঠনের বিভীষিকা মুজিবকে গণশত্রুতে পরিণত করেছিল। মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্র তার অন্তর্জাতিক রাজনীতির স্বার্থে সে সুযোগে তাকে হত্যা করায়।

    রাজনীতির ক্ষেত্রে এমনি অকৃতজ্ঞতার নজির অসংখ্য। রাজনীতির রাজা-রাজ্যের ইতিহাসই তার সাক্ষ্য ও প্রমাণ। শোয়া দুশ বছর আগে বুরবন বংশ এভাবেই নিশ্চিহ্ন হয়েছিল ফ্রান্সে। ১৯১৮ সনে সবংশ নিধন হলেন রাশিয়ার জার। এক সময়ের জাতীয় ত্রাতা ওলিভার ক্রমওয়েলকে স্মরণে রাখেনি ইংল্যান্ড, মায়ানমারের আউংসাংও নিহত হয়েছিলেন কেবিনেট সদস্য সহ। ভারত স্বাধীন হল যার আন্দোলনে সে গান্ধীও হলেন নিহত। অনন্য ব্যক্তিত্বের ইন্দিরা, তার পুত্র রাজীব, জুলফিকার আলী ভুট্টো, তারও আগে লিয়াকত আলী, জন কেনেডী, প্রেমাদাসা প্রমুখ অসংখ্য রাষ্ট্রপতি স্বাধীনতা-সংগ্রামী নিহত হয়েছেন রুষ্ট ও দুষ্ট অকৃতজ্ঞ রাজনীতিক আততায়ীর হাতে।

    শেখ মুজিবও এভাবেই এ নিয়মেই হয়েছে সপরিবারে নিহত্। কিন্তু মুজিবকন্যা হাসিনা এবং তার চাটুকার আঁতেলরা ও রাজনীতিকরা একে যেন পৃথিবীতে নতুন ঘটা একটা অসামান্য বীভৎস ঘটনা রূপে প্রচার-প্রচারণা চালাচ্ছেন গত তেরো মাস ধরে। কান ঝালাপালা হয়ে গেল। বাড়াবাড়ি ধৈর্যের ও সহ্যের সীমা অতিক্রম করেছে। রুচিমান সংস্কৃতিমান যুক্তি-বুদ্ধিমান লোকেরা আউং সাং কন্যা সুকি, ভুট্টোর কন্যা, বন্দরনায়েকের কন্যা, ইন্দিরার পুত্র, গান্ধীপরিবার, কেনেডি পরিবার কখনো এমনি হত্যার জন্য প্রতিহিংসাপরায়ণতার আভাস দেয়নি, কিংবা এমনি নগ্নভাবে পিতৃ বা পরিবার-হত্যার ফায়দা ওঠানোর চেষ্টা করেনি কেউ।

    হাসিনার মধ্যেই কেবল মৌরুসী সম্পত্তির মতো বাংলাদেশ দখলে রাখার এমনি আস্ফালন ও মায়াকান্না দেখা যাচ্ছে। তার মধ্যে শিক্ষার সুরুচির বিবেচনা-শক্তির কোন পরিচয় মেলে না। তার স্বপ্ন ও সাধ অনেক কিন্তু যোগ্যতা নেই। প্রতিহিংসাপরায়ণতার রাক্ষুসে হিংস্রতা এবং ক্ষমতার গদী স্থায়ী ভাবে ধরে রাখার লিপ্সাই পরিবারকে মানে, যশে, খ্যাতিতে, ক্ষমতায়, বিত্তে, বেসাতে, অর্থ-সম্পদে চিরপ্রতিষ্ঠ রাখার মোহ তাকে পেয়ে বসেছে। এ পথেই তার ঘটবে আশু পতন॥" - ০৮/০৮/১৯৯৬

    - আহমদ শরীফ / আহমদ শরীফের ডায়েরি : ভাব-বুদ্বুদ ॥ [ জাগৃতি প্রকাশনী - ফেব্রুয়ারি, ২০০৯ । পৃ: ১৫৭-১৫৮ ]

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    U.S. Omits Iran and Hezbollah From Terror Threat List


    An annual security assessment presented to the U.S. Senate by James Clapper, the director of National Intelligence, has excluded Iran and the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah from its list of terror threats to U.S. interests, despite both being consistently included as threats in previous years.The omission comes as Washington and other world powers continue to negotiate with Iran to strike a deal over its nuclear program and capabilities.


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    Health Care discarded, Education subsidy halved,Diabetic and Cancer patients to be killed and now EPF Pension stopped!

    Militarization of the Hindu Rashtra is the topmost agenda and Modi set the Seine river  ablaze in Paris with Rafale Deal.

    Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) has put on hold payment of a minimum Rs.1,000/month from April 1, 2015. The decision, set to affect 32 lakh out of a total of about 50 lakh pensioners!

    Palash Biswas

    Health Care discarded,Education subsidy halved,Diabetic and Cancer patients to be killed and now EPF Pension stopped!And now,the Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) has put on hold payment of a minimum ₹1,000/month from April 1, 2015. The decision, set to affect 32 lakh out of a total of about 50 lakh pensioners!

    Militarization of the Hindu Rashtra is the topmost agenda and Modi set the Seine ablaze with Rafale Deal.The logic,Political commitment, out-of-the-box approach were key as negotiations hit last mile; the deal offers a $2.3-billion scope for the private industry.

    While the mega deal—initiated in 2007 with six competitors—had been chugging along since 2012 when Dassault's Rafale was declared the winner!Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar today said India's decision to buy 36 French-made Rafale fighter jets off the shelf would infuse "minimum oxygen" into the Air Force, battling with an ageing warplane fleet.

    However,the Swadeshi Hindutva has to play a different tune full of amusement.Warning the government against signing a deal to purchase the Rafale aircraft, Dr Swamy said if at all the Modi government is really so keen, then it should buy Dassault, the company which makes Rafale warplanes.

    Whereas Parliamentary Politics also exposes its skin as Congress General Secretary Digvijay Singh today dared BJP leader Subramanian Swamy to move court over theRafale deal a day after the latter threatened to take legal recourse claiming that there were shortcomings in the fighter aircraft.

    Making in seems to be disastrous for the masses in India.Already universal health plan withheld,Education subsidy halved.Life saving medicines deregulated to kill the diabetic and cancer patients. Prime minister has set the Sein river in Paris on fire as he meets the CEOs of defence companies and finalized the Rafel purchase deal to seal strategic nuclear alliance with France ,opening the floodgates of french weapon companies which bid to sell submarines to Fighter Jets to emerging market India.

    Militarization of the Hindu Rashtra is the topmost agenda and business friendly fascist RSS government does expend any amount for shopping weapon but has to cut every government expenditure in the social sector to wipe out public welfare and linking every basic necessity and mandatory service with biometric purchasing power excluding the majority and it is RSS branded social justice and Samrasta.

    Hindu Business Line reports:

    The Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) has put on hold payment of a minimum ₹ 1,000/month from April 1, 2015. The decision, set to affect 32 lakh out of a total of about 50 lakh pensioners, has been slammed by trade unions.

    "While the matter is referred to the Government for a decision on the continuation of minimum pension provision beyond 2014-15, a direction is yet to be received. Under the circumstances, EPFO cannot go beyond the directions of the Government… and the pension from the month of April 2015 will be released at earlier rates i.e. without the minimum pension provision," says an EPFO circular, dated April 9.

    A minimum pension rate of ₹ 1,000/month was announced by the UPA government but could not be implemented because of the general elections in 2014. In September last year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced at a rally in Bengaluru that the scheme would be effective from October 1, 2015.

    "There are 32 lakh people who are former employees of the Government of India who used to get pensions from ₹ 50 to ₹ 200. An old person who gets such a low pension will never be able to lead a life of dignity, thus we took a decision that the minimum pension that can be given will be ₹ 1,000", he had said.

    Six months later, the EPFO has directed all its zonal offices to put on hold the ₹ 1,000 minimum pension and ensure that "no over payments take place."

    Trade unions, have, meanwhile, criticised the government for the "unwanted delay in the issuance of orders" affecting old workers and widows, some of whom get a measly ₹ 150-500/month as pension.

    "Trade unions had at that time objected, pointing out that the limited order will be used against the workers by stopping it at the will of the government. But, Government had assured us that it will not be stopped," said A K Padmanbhan, president, Centre of Indian Trade unions (CITU).

    He said the circular has given rise to serious concern on the intentions of the government, as it comes in the background of various "retrograde" changes proposed in EPF schemes.

    Hind Mazdoor Sabha Secretary A D Nagpal said all central trade unions would take up the issue with the Prime Minister and write a letter to him demanding resumption of the scheme. "We will also launch a nation-wide protest against this decision," he added.

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    Daily Manab Zamin | বাংলাদেশ এখন আন্তর্জাতিক রাজনীতির অংশ

    Daily Manab Zamin | বাংলাদেশ এখন আন্তর্জাতিক রাজনীতির...
    আপাতত বিএনপিকে স্তিমিত বা থামিয়ে দেয়া গেলেও বিরোধী জোটের মতপ্রকাশের কোন জায়গা না থাকায় একটি চরমপন্থি গ্রুপের উত্থান হতে পারে। আজকে হয়তোবা জাতিসংঘ ও মার্কিন য...
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    আপাতত বিএনপিকে স্তিমিত বা থামিয়ে দেয়া গেলেও বিরোধী জোটের মতপ্রকাশের কোন জায়গা না থাকায় একটি চরমপন্থি গ্রুপের উত্থান হতে পারে। আজকে হয়তোবা জাতিসংঘ ও মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্রের কাছে বাংলাদেশ একটি সহনশীল মুসলিম রাষ্ট্র। কিন্তু যদি ক্রমাগতভাবে উন্নয়নের নামে, মুক্তিযুদ্ধের চেতনা প্রতিষ্ঠার নামে বিচারব্যবস্থা, দুর্নীতি দমন কমিশনসহ বিভিন্ন প্রতিষ্ঠানকে দুর্বল করে দেয়া হয়, আইনের শাসনের বিলপ্তি ঘটে, বিচারপ্রার্থী যদি কোন বিচার না পায়, তাহলে সৃষ্টি হবে ডেসপারেট গ্রুপ। গ্রামের সাধারণ মানুষ বিএনপি করে না কিন্তু আওয়ামী লীগকেও পছন্দ করে না। কারণ প্রত্যন্ত অঞ্চলের আওয়ামী লীগ নেতাদের নানামুখী নির্যাতনে অতিষ্ঠ হয়ে গেছে এসব মানুষ। দেশ এখন যে অবস্থায় গিয়ে ঠেকেছে তাতে শেখ হাসিনার পক্ষেও সম্ভব নয় গ্রামের একজন রিকশা চালকের যুবতী মেয়ের নিশ্চয়তা দেয়া। কারণ প্রশাসন ও রাজনৈতিক দলের মাখামাখি চরমে পৌঁছে গেছে। উভয় পক্ষের অভিন্ন স্বার্থ। এসব কারণে সমাজে একটি বিরাট অসহনীয় গ্রুপ প্রতিষ্ঠা পেয়েছে। এরা শুধু বিরোধী জোটের নয়, সরকার দলেরও আছে। এন্টি আওয়ামী লীগের একটি বড় গ্রুপ। যারা দীর্ঘদিন সুযোগ-সুবিধা থেকে বঞ্চিত। এরা অবশ্য সৃষ্টি হয়েছে আওয়ামী লীগের একগুঁয়ে মনোভাব ও স্বৈরাচারী আচরণের কারণে। ক্ষমতার দাপটে আওয়ামী লীগের বিভাজনটি দৃশ্যমান নয়। যে কারণে বেগম খালেদা জিয়া কেবল ২০ দলের নেত্রী নয়, তিনি নেতৃত্ব দিচ্ছেন দল-মত-নির্বিশেষে সব বঞ্চিত নাগরিকের। একসময় যেমন খালেদার নিয়ন্ত্রণ হারা হয়ে যায় তার ছেলেরা। একইভাবে হাসিনাও নিয়ন্ত্রণ হারিয়ে ফেলেন ছাত্রলীগ, যুবলীগ কিংবা তার ভাবাপন্ন আইনশৃঙ্খলা রক্ষাকারী বাহিনীর সদস্যদের। মানবজমিনকে দেয়া এক সাক্ষাৎকারে এসব কথা বলেন ব্যাংকার ও বিশ্লেষক মামুন রশীদ। সাক্ষাৎকার নিয়েছেন অর্থনৈতিক রিপোর্টার হামিদ বিশ্বাস।
    মামুন রশীদ বলেন, বাংলাদেশ এখন আন্তর্জাতিক রাজনীতির অংশ। কারণ ভারত বনাম পাকিস্তান পরস্পরবিরোধী অবস্থান, ভারত মহাসাগরে আন্তর্জাতিক শক্তিগুলোর অবস্থান, জাপান বনাম চীনের দ্বন্দ্ব, এশিয়াতে মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্রের শক্তিশালী অবস্থান, আমাদের সমুদ্রসীমায় চীনের অধিকতর আগ্রাসী হস্তক্ষেপ। এগুলো এখন রাজনীতির অংশ। এখন ভারত চায় চীনকে খুশি রাখতে বাংলাদেশের রাজনীতির জন্য। বাংলাদেশের অবকাঠামো উন্নয়ন দরকার। চীনের কোম্পানিগুলোকে কন্টাক্ট দিলে চীন রাজনৈতিকভাবে আমাদের সমর্থন দেবে। সে কারণে 'চায়না ইজ এ বিগ ফ্যাক্ট ইন দি ওয়ার্ল্ড নাও'। এখন যুক্তরাষ্ট্র রাশিয়াকে অনেকটাই কুপোকাত করে ফেলেছে ইউরো পতন বা তেলের দাম কমানোর মাধ্যমে। কিন্তু চায়নাকে কতটুকু পারবে, যদি না পারে; যুক্তরাষ্ট্রের কথাইবা তারা শুনবে কেন? আবার ভারত মনে করে কোন সরকার তাকে বেশি সুযোগ-সুবিধা দেবে। এদিকে বিএনপি হলো ভারতবিরোধী। সমর্থক গোষ্ঠীদের অনেকে চাইবে না বিএনপি পুরোপরি ভারতের কাছে আওয়ামী লীগের মতো নতজানু হয়ে যাক। এই যে বিভিন্ন রাজনৈতিক ও সামাজিক টানাপড়েন। আবার বাংলাদেশের সংখ্যালঘু সম্প্রদায়ের একটা ব্যাপক শান্তিপূর্ণ অবস্থান সৃষ্টি হয়েছে এ সরকারের আমলে। তারা এ শান্তিটা বিঘœ হোক চায় না।তারাও প্রেসার গ্রুপ হিসেবে কাজ করছে ভারতের নতুন সরকারের ওপর। এদিকে রাষ্ট্রদূত হ্যারি কে থমাস মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্রকে বোঝাতে সক্ষম হয়েছেন, বাংলাদেশে ইসলামপন্থি একটি দল সরকারের অংশ হলে যুক্তরাষ্ট্রের রাজনীতির ভাল হয়। থমাসের সে থিওরি আজও অব্যাহত রয়েছে। কারণ বাংলাদেশের সংখ্যাগরিষ্ঠ মানুষ শুধু মুসলমানই নয়, ধর্মপ্রাণ মুসলমান। এ ধর্মকে কেন্দ্র করে যে কোন সময় একটা নাজুক পরিস্থিতি সৃষ্টি হতে পারে। সে কারণে সরকারের একটি ইসলামপন্থি দল অথবা ইসলাম ভাবাপন্ন সরকার শান্তি প্রতিষ্ঠায় অবদান রাখতে পারে বলে মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্র মনে করে। একইভাবে ভারতের থিংট্যাঙ্ক, প্রণব মুখার্জি যাদের নিয়োগ দিয়েছেন তারা মনে করেন, বাংলাদেশে আওয়ামী লীগ ক্ষমতায় থাকলে পশ্চিমবঙ্গসহ ভারতের জন্য ভাল হয়। এ দেশের হিন্দু ও তাদের আত্মীয়স্বজন যারা পশ্চিমবঙ্গে বসবাস করছেন, তাদের জন্যও ভাল হয়। প্রণব মুখার্জির এ থিওরি মোদি সরকার হয় ফলো করছে না কনভিন্সড। 
    মামুন রশীদ বলেন, রাষ্ট্র ও সরকার মাখামাখি হয়ে যাচ্ছে। আগে ছিল বাকশাল। বাকশাল হলো একদলীয় সরকার। আর বর্তমানে চলছে একদলীয় রাষ্ট্র। একদলীয় রাষ্ট্র অনেক বেশি ক্ষতিকর ও আগ্রাসী। এটির ফলাফল ভাল হয়েছে বলে ইতিহাস তা প্রমাণ করে না। এরশাদের মতো অতি সুবিধাবাদী বিরোধী দল, বিএনপির মতো অপরিণামদর্শী দল, দুর্বল প্রশাসন এবং সুবিধাবাদী বাহিনীর কারণে একদলীয় রাষ্ট্রের জন্ম হয়েছে বলে তিনি মনে করেন।


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    ভৈরবে ব্রহ্মপুত্র ভরাট করছেন আ.লীগ নেতা 

    কিশোরগঞ্জের ভৈরব পৌর শহরের জগন্নাথপুর এলাকায় ব্রহ্মপুত্র নদের একটি অংশ ভরাট করছেন সুজন মিয়া নামের আওয়ামী লীগের একজন নেতা। এই ভরাটের ফলে নদটি সংকুচিত হওয়াসহ স্বাভাবিক গতিপ্রবাহে বাধার সৃষ্টি হবে।ভৈরব পৌরসভার ৫ নম্বর ওয়ার্ড আওয়ামী লীগের সদস্য সুজন মিয়া ব্রহ্মপুত্রের অংশ ভরাট করার কথা স্বীকার করেছেন। ক্ষমতাসীন দলের নেতা হওয়ায় স্থানীয় লোকজন তাঁর এই কাজের প্রতিবাদ করতে পারছেন না।



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    Kishore Sherchand wrote
    Kishore Sherchand's profile photo

    Dear Tilak, Greta Rana, Himalyan Voice and Many Others,

    Blaming others with prejudice does not make any sense. I am not a Christian but I have visited many churches both in USA and Nepal to learn more about who infact they are. I don't mind to pray if something I feel comfortable with love and compassion. I have no prejudice against any religion or faith. Here is my observation:

    Many Dalits, and so called other lower caste people who were denied of their fundamental right to look forward with dignity, who count many in number, are being converted into Christians. On the other hand, those so called upper caste who are privileged in social status by caste and caste-ism I have met and friendly are reaping more due to their educational privilege by being Pastor, Church leaders and so on. If Christian prosecution is a problem, then why those privileged upper caste people then convert to. In this sense who to be blamed first ? 

    Reminds me what the Chief Minister of UP, India Mayawati said in public, "The untouchability and social discrimination is so deeply rooted and rampant in India (definitely in Nepal), it is all most impossible to wipe out. So the only only way to get rid of this is "Conversion into other religion." Surely those Evangelical Christians would do. There will be more people elsewhere willing to convert to. Because they are in desperate and wanting to find some way-out to improve their life and show up as a dignified citizen. Those Dalits and others marginalized are not yet prepared to think what they are now and what else next. Only when, those who can give something like education, health plus other benefits and means to live with a dignified life, can influence them.

    In India, millions of those Dalits have sought their refuge to Buddha Dharma under the national Hero and founding father of Constitution of Modern India. Dr. BR Ambedkar. Dr. Ambedkar criticized publicly the Hindu Dharma and made millions to convert to. Unfortunately, Dalits in Nepal are not yet ready to do this, rather those Evangelical Christians are much better prepared, even the Buddhists have been brainwashed by Manubad still not erased by law of the land. Buddhism by its very foundation does not recognize any caste, caste-ism and its social discrimination but the law of this land is forbidding.

    May all be in peace, justice, happy and prosperity !

    Om Namo Buddha Gyani !
    Om Mane Padme Hum !
    Om A Hung Mahen Yana Guru Pani Siddhi Hung !
    Nam Myoho Renge Kyo !



    On Sat, Apr 11, 2015 at 7:34 AM, Tilak Shrestha <> wrote:

    Himalayan voice, 


    I am happy to note Bible being published in many languages. It makes easy for interested people to read. However, you should make your opinion on Bible only after reading it, not before. Please beware that Churches want you to believe it without understanding. I figured out Bible as nonsense only after reading it. Here is a short note on it.

    By the way, you wrote people of high status can enjoy national wealth, not low status people. How is it and where you got the information? Does our constitution say so? Is there agency to distribute our national wealth by status? I thought you are a responsible reporter. Please let me know, where do I get my share of wealth, which you are not allowed to have?

    Thanks, Tilak



    Truth and Christianity: A comparison.


    Truth: Virtuous people go to heaven and evil people go to hell; regardless of race, gender, nationality, or religion.

    Christianity: All the Christians automatically go to heaven, no matter how evil. All non-Christians automatically go to hell, no matter how virtuous.


    Truth: Good heart within and good deeds outside earns heaven. Personal backgrounds and beliefs are irrelevant.

    Christianity: Only way to heaven is to believe 'Jesus is Christ.' Good heart and good deeds are irrelevant.


    Truth: The easiest way to God is unconditional love and devotion. Doctrines are irrelevant.

    Christianity: The only way to God is by blindly believing all the Christian doctrines.


    Truth: Love all. Humanity is one big family.

    Christianity: Hate all. Jews, Muslims, Pagans, Buddhists, Mormons, atheists etc. are all heathens and wrong.


    Truth: Truth ultimately always wins.

    Christianity: Ignorant propaganda wins.


    Truth: There are many spiritual paths. Therefore we should try conversation, not conversion.

    Christianity: Only Christianity is true, all other religions are evil. Therefore, do not seek understanding or conversation. Must convert heathens to Christianity.


    Truth: God is one and manifests in different forms to address the variety of human needs.

    Christianity: God is a creature with three heads and one behind. Therefore, God is one and three same time.


    Truth: Sins are not transferable. Every action has equal and opposite reaction. Therefore, every individual has to face the consequences of own actions: good for good, & bad for bad. On the other hand, a person is not punished or rewarded for the deeds of others. Personal beliefs are irrelevant.

    Christianity: Sins are transferable. Because Adam committed sin by eating the apple of knowledge, all the humanity is condemned to death and women have labor pain. All the Jews are collectively guilty of Jesus' death. Jesus pays for other's sins. But the payment is contingent upon you converting to Christianity.


    Truth: Inquiry of truth or seeking knowledge is one of the ways to God.

    Christianity: Eating apple of knowledge is sinful. Critical examination of religious doctrines is condemned.


    Truth: We should avoid dogmatic, intolerant and harmful attitude.

    Christianity: Attack Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Paganism, Humanism, Atheism, and any other.


    Truth: Goodness begets goodness, though it may not be obvious.

    Christianity: Dark Age, inquisition, holocaust, and genocide.


    Truth: Humanity is a part of the nature. Therefore all the living and non-living beings are interconnected.

    Christianity: Humanity is the lord of nature. Therefore exploitation of nature is our divine right.


    Truth: All children are God's creation: pure, sinless and divine.

    Christianity: All babies are born in sin. However, Christian babies are pre-destined to go to heaven, others to hell.


    Truth: Lord dwells in the hearts of all being. Each and every soul is always free, pure and divine.

    Christianity: Only Christians are saved, all other souls are condemned to eternal hell.


    In conclusion:

    Truth: Real spiritual ways lead humanity to Truth, Divinity, Goodness, Conscience, Bliss, Non--violence, and Peace.

    Christianity: It leads to? Make your own judgment.


    O Lord, please enlighten these enemies of Galileo.


    Converts need to know:

    Christianity is offering you a handful of rice and in return asking you to give up your ancestral heritage. It is telling you that your non-Christian mother, father, brothers, sisters, friends and all your ancestors have or will go to hell. Your heritage is evil and you must discard them.

    It is offering the 'Lie' that you can do any sin and yet you do not have to pay for it. 'Jesus has already suffered for you.' Try this nonsensical argument in any court of justice.

    It instills fear in you that Adam committed sin and thus you will die. A demonstrable nonsense. Then Jesus pretends to relieve you from the punishment. And some how, you are to discard your heritage and be a slave to the Church. This is a typical swindling technique to fool weak minded idiots. The truth remains, you are neither responsible for Adam's sin, nor Jesus can suffer for your doing. We all do good and bad in our life, and have to face its consequences. Fruits of a person's deed, good or bad, are not transferable. By the way, the story of Adam is a myth, not a real history.


    What is Christ:

    'Christ' is a term from Judaism or of Jews. Judaism is strictly a monotheistic religion, i.e. God is single and powerful entity, without any associate, family or friends. Jewish people also believe that when the Jews are subjugated by others, God will anoint and send a Messiah or a Christ to free them. Bible defines the Messiah:

    a. A man, neither God nor son of God

    b. A powerful King, a direct descendant of King David

    c. Chosen by God to free and gather together Jewish people

    d. Would resurrect Kingdom of Israel, the Jewish temple and the throne of King David

    e. Usher in an era of world peace

    In Jesus' time Jews were under the control of Roman Empire. Jesus claimed to be the Christ and tried to fight the Roman occupation. Some Jews believed and fought for him. But Romans captured, mocked him as the King of Jews with crown of thorn, flogged and crucified him, a standard Roman punishment. Jewish people, who knew him well, thus came to conclusion that he really was not the Christ. Similarly, other past claimants like Bar Cochba and Shabbtai Tzvi have also been rejected. The claim that Jesus will fulfill the prophecies in the second coming has no basis in Bible.


    Who was Jesus:

    Jesus was a good hearted Jew. He is also known as 'Yesu', 'Yusuf', 'Isa' etc. in different languages and cultures. Jesus' biological father is a Roman soldier named 'Panthera.' When Jesus was growing up people used to make joke about his parentage. It gave him a mild form of psychological disorder 'paraphrenia', which makes him very sensitive toward poor, exploited and down trodden.

    When he was about 13 years old he followed the ancient Silk Road and went to India. He studied in many places including Nepal, Varanasi, and Leh Monastery in Kashmir. He became a well-known scholar trained mostly in Buddha Dharma, Shiva Dharma and other Hindu traditions. He was important enough to be mentioned in the 'Rajatarangini', a royal chronicle of Kashmir Kings. His way of addressing God as 'Father' is directly from the 'Dwaita/ duel' tradition and his phrase 'Kingdom within' is from 'Adwaita/ non-duel' tradition of the Hinduism.

    When he was of late twenties he came back to Israel, a well-educated and charismatic Rabbi. He was also a Jewish nationalist, opposed Roman occupation, and claimed to be the Jewish Christ \ Messiah \ King. But he claimed neither establishing a new religion, nor to be a biological-son of God, nor paying for other's sins. They are the wishful thinking added later. His main concern was to discipline Jews as a fighting force. He was not Gandhi and would not tolerate dissent. Luke 19:27 "… which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me."

    He led a small rebellion and Romans crucified him for it. He was on cross, only for a few hours and did not die. Later he escaped to India. He promised to return, but could not. His disciples, all of them practicing Jews, vainly waited for him. In India, he married, had children and died of old age. He was buried in Shrinagar, Kashmir. The temple built on his burial site exists even today. There are people who claim to be his descendant even today.

    Jesus or his disciples have nothing to do with Christianity. Christianity, with all the absurd wishful doctrines, is the brainchild of Paul, who never met Jesus. And matter of fact, Jesus' disciples including his brother James accused Paul of telling lies.

    The core 'Christian theme' that Jesus came to pay for other's sin is neither taught by Judaism, nor by Jesus. It is the doctrine of another religion 'Mithraism', where Lord Mithra pays for and forgives the sins of his believers. This copy and concoction of Paul is what you call Christianity today.


    Socrates: Truth, unexamined, is not really truth.

    On Sat, Apr 11, 2015 at 7:24 AM, The Himalayan Voice<> wrote:
    Has anybody taken notice of - how SIL (Summer Institute of Linguistics) is welcomed at the Tribhuvan University, (so to say Nepal Government) to publish the bibles in different local languages in Nepal ? 

    Does anyone know, in how many different local languages has the bible been translated  already in the country ? 

    There is no reason  at all blaming the downtrodden and oppressed people in the country. 

    And, when there is 'high and low  or upper and lower' "status" among the people  by 'birth' only and those  so-called 'high or upper'  enjoy the national wealth and resources undeterred ( तथाकथित् 'माथिल्ला जातका' भन्नेहरुले जे गरे पनि हुन्छ - जस्तो कि, के पी ओलीहरुले सरकारी कागज पत्रमा आफ्नो शैक्षिक योग्यता 'मानार्थ विद्यावारिधी' लेखे पनि हुन्छ ! वस्तावमा मानार्थ विद्यावारिधीलाइ  कुनै औपचारिक शैक्षिक योग्यता नै मानिदैन !) but those who are well educated, talented or qualified suffer discrimination, oppression, suppression etc. (Please refer to Belbari incident some two years ago, a Dalit's application reject at a bank, etc.) there is always a chance for switching to another faith.  

    Thank you all. Have a nice weekend !

    The Himalayan Voice
    Skype: thehimalayanvoice
    [THE HIMALAYAN VOICE does not endorse the opinions of the author or any opinions expressed on its pages. Articles and comments can be emailed to:, © Copyright The Himalayan Voice 2015]

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    Dear comrades and friends,

    I'm writing you to call your attention to the important day of action to disrupt business as usual across the United States this Tuesday, 14 April. The wanton murder in South Carolina of Walter Scott shot in the back by yet another murdering cop who fully expected to get away with it is just the latest reminder of the need to take a stand against police murder of Black people and people of colour, especially our youth, right now.
    You can follow this and contribute in different ways at the Stop Mass Incarceration website at  - here's their current front page:

    Cornel West Calls For April 14 Shut Down In Response
    To Wave Of Police Killings Of Unarmed People
    During the extraordinary EMERGENCY program heldMonday in New York, the Church of St. Paul & St. Andrew shook with the passionate determination to put a STOP to the killing of unarmed black and Latino people.
    Cornel West spoke with fury seldom heard, scathing against those in power and all who stand aside when the business as usual of police killing unarmed people goes on, even before video showed the most recent police killing of unarmed Walter ScottSaturday in South Carolina. Dr. West joined Carl Dix and the families of six unarmed people killed by police; Arturo O'Farrill; Cindy Sheehan; Alice Walker and Eve Ensler in calling on people to walk out of school and work on Tuesday April 14.
    We need to fight this fight in such a way as to put an end to this and the many other horrors of life under the capitalist system forever – so that our children and their children are not fighting this same fight. And to bring into being a world where there are neither oppressed nor oppressors, and no system of institutionalized violence enforcing the divisions and inequalities that now rack our planet and its people. I would urge you to also check out the web site of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA in relation to the April 14th events, at

    Yours in the struggle, Robert Borba

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    Dear Friend,

    If you think the content of this news letter is critical for the dignified living and survival of humanity and other species on earth, please forward it to your friends and spread the word. It's time for humanity to come together as one family! You can subscribe to our news letter here You can also follow us on twitter, and on Facebook,

    In Solidarity
    Binu Mathew

    Ukraine Breaks Minsk Agreement; Reinvades Donbass
    By Eric Zuesse

    Shells are whistling again over the cities of Donbass. In Donetsk the sirens of ambulances and emergency services are heard. Under fire: Kievsky district, Oktyabrsky village, Panfilov mine village, Gladkova, Severny, Putilovka. The entire evening of April 9 there was a battle in the village of Spartak and near Peski

    Ukraine Blocks 10,000 Websites, Confiscates A Newspaper
    By Eric Zuesse

    I reported yesterday, the Security Bureau of Ukraine, on April 7th, had seized and disappeared two Odessa bloggers. The follow-up to that story is the news on April 9th, which was reported in the courageous independent Kiev newspaper, Vesti, that "SBU has blocked more than 10,000 websites." It says that, "Law enforcers seized the servers," and that one SBU official told the newspaper, "'We have made the decision of the court and confiscated equipment.' He promised to return the servers in two months."

    It Is Not Confusing That US Abandons Own Citizens
    In Yemen War-Zone But Rescues Saudi Bombers
    By Robert Barsocchini

    Most Americans have no idea any of these events are occurring or have only vague, US government/press-created notions of them, but many who are cognizant – principally the abandoned people themselves – express confusion. Why would eight countries, including Russia, China, and India, carry out risky missions to save their own citizens, as well as foreign nationals, stuck in Yemen, but the US would staunchly refuse to do so? All we ever hear from the US government and press is that the US is so incredibly good and altruistic. So, how could this be happening?

    The Video That Could Indict The Pentagon For Murder
    By David Swanson

    Words don't seem to do the job. Explaining that police were getting away with murder wasn't producing any indictments. A video finally indicted a cop. Now we need the video that can indict the world's policeman

    7 Ways Saudi Arabia Is Silencing People Online
    By Ben Beaumont

    Raif Badawi is serving a 10-year prison sentence in Saudi Arabia, mainly for setting up a website. We talk to another local blogger – who has to remain anonymous for their own safety – about different tactics the authorities use to silence people online

    Change The Money And Change The World
    By Mark Kirkwood Callingham

    Project for a New Economic Century (PNEC) offers a practical way to change direction and choose our own course. Essentially the strategy is to craft a monetary system with a code of ethics that is owned by the people. A people's currency co-developed by a wide range of individuals representing vast amounts of knowledge & experiences

    Those Who Collaborate With The West: Traitors From Developing Countries Unite!
    By Andre Vltchek

    How many magazines, newspapers and television stations in the Middle East, Southeast Asia or East and West Africa are actually there to inform people, and how many are serving, dutifully, the propaganda apparatus of the Empire? It is enough to check the sources of the foreign news coverage, incountries like Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, the entire Gulf, or even India, and the answer becomes obvious

    Art Amid The Flames Of War
    By Zanyar Omrani

    Syria has gained the capacity to tolerate 'sin'. Omar Shiyukh and Ram Aslan, two 'sinful' young men, appreciate the streets, where there is no need for majestic galleries, well-equipped amphitheater, and useless attached pieces of paper. They have occupied Amuda, a small Kurdish town in northern Syria

    Water or Wine? California's Drought And Water Competition
    By Shepherd Bliss

    "California Puts Mandatory Curbs on Water Use" reports the April 2 New York Times long article at the top of the front-page. "Steps to Confront Record-Setting Drought," the sub-headline reads. The article describes Gov. Jerry Brown's executive order—California's first time restricting water use. A 25% reduction of water use over the next year is required of residents, golf courses, cemeteries, and many businesses. But wait. "Owners of large farms…will not fall under the 25% guideline."

    The Sin And The Error
    By Ravi Sinha

    Future historians of India may well describe the past year as a year of political sin. This was the year in which the man who had earlier presided over the Gujarat Carnage was awarded the ultimate prize. The year saw an election that touched a new low marked by shallowness, vulgarities and lies – in no small measure by the labors of the man himself. Equally appalling have been the exertions of a large class of literati and glitterati to portray philistinism and inanities spouted by the most powerful mouth as wisdom of a visionary leader

    Killing For Blasphemy: Anything But Islamic
    By Taj Hashmi

    Yet another blogger was hacked to death for alleged blasphemous postings against Islam, in Bangladesh. Islamist fanatics killed Oyasiqur Rahman (27) with meat cleavers for his vitriolic anti-Islamic postings on 30th March in broad daylight, on a crowded street in Dhaka. This happened five weeks after the killing of blogger Avijit Roy, in the similar manner, for the similar reason. While police (who were in close proximity) miserably failed to save Roy's life and arrest his killers, this time they managed to arrest two of the three assailants with the help of bystanders

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    किसानों और महिलाओं की चीखों को दबाना चाहता है शासन-प्रशासन
    उत्तर प्रदेश को उत्तम प्रदेश बनाने का नारा देने वाली समाजवादी पार्टी
    की सरकार में ठीक विपरीत परिणाम आता नजर आ रहा है। अपराध और भ्रष्टाचार
    के बिन्दुओं पर तुलना की जाये, तो आज उत्तर प्रदेश बिहार से ज्यादा बदनाम
    नजर आ रहा है। कानून व्यवस्था को लेकर हालात इतने दयनीय हो चले हैं कि आम
    आदमी को कोई सांत्वना तक देने वाला नजर नहीं आ रहा, लेकिन खास लोगों के
    अहंकार को ठेस न पहुंचे, इसका पूरा ध्यान रखा जा रहा है। फेसबुक की
    मामूली पोस्ट को लेकर इतने बड़े स्तर पर कार्रवाई की जाती है कि उच्चतम
    न्यायालय ने आईटी एक्ट की धारा- 66(ए) समाप्त करना ही उचित समझा, इसके
    बावजूद सरकार की कार्यप्रणाली में कोई अंतर आता नजर नहीं आ रहा। प्रदेश
    के अधिकाँश जिलों के हालात लगभग एक समान ही हैं। यौन शोषण, हत्या, लूट,
    राहजनी जैसी जघन्यतम वारदातों को लेकर प्रदेश के अधिकांश क्षेत्रों में
    आम आदमी दहशत में हैं। बारिश और तेज हवाओं के प्रकोप से प्रदेश के किसान
    तबाह हो चुके हैं और लगातार आत्म हत्या कर रहे हैं। महिलायें घर के
    दरवाजे से बाहर कदम रखने से डरने लगी हैं। एसिड अटैक के मामलों में उत्तर
    प्रदेश का देश में पहला नंबर है, यहाँ वर्ष- 2014 में 185 बेकसूर
    महिलायें एसिड अटैक का शिकार हो चुकी हैं। बाल शोषण की भी ऐसी ही स्थिति
    है, अर्थात प्रदेश का हर वर्ग पूरी तरह त्रस्त नजर आ रहा है, लेकिन दबंग,
    माफिया व अपराधी मस्त नजर आ रहे हैं, वहीं सरकार खेल में व्यस्त है।
    आयोजन सरकारी नहीं है, फिर भी सरकार राजधानी लखनऊ में चल रहे इंडियन
    ग्रामीण क्रिकेट लीग (आईजीसीएल) को बड़ी उपलब्धि मान रही है, जबकि सवाल यह
    है कि जीवन रहेगा, तभी तो कोई विकास करेगा? हाल-फिलहाल प्रदेश के हालत
    ऐसे हैं कि यहाँ लोगों का जीवन ही दांव पर लगा हुआ है, जिसे बचाने को
    सरकार को जैसे प्रयास करने चाहिए, वैसे प्रयास करती सरकार नजर नहीं आ

    असलियत में सरकार को जनता के हितों और उसकी भावनाओं से बहुत ज्यादा
    लेना-देना नहीं है। प्रदेश जब दंगों की आग में झुलस रहा था और प्रदेश के
    साथ समूचे देश में आलोचना हो रही थी, तब भी सब कुछ नजर अंदाज़ करते हुए
    सरकार सैफई महोत्सव का आनंद लेती नजर आ रही थी, इसलिए इंडियन ग्रामीण
    क्रिकेट लीग (आईजीसीएल) में व्यस्तता पर आश्चर्य नहीं होता, लेकिन स्तब्ध
    कर देने वाली बात यह है कि सरकार की राह पर ही प्रशासन भी चल पड़ा है।
    बदायूं में हाहाकार मचा हुआ है और बदायूं का जिला प्रशासन बदायूं महोत्सव
    आयोजित कर शोषित वर्ग की चीखों को दबाने का प्रयास करता नजर आ रहा है।

    सपा सुप्रीमो मुलायम सिंह यादव और उनके परिजन इटावा के बाद बदायूं जिले
    को अपना दूसरा घर मानते हैं। मुलायम सिंह यादव सहसवान व गुन्नौर विधान
    सभा क्षेत्र से विधायक रह चुके हैं। वे व प्रो. रामगोपाल यादव संभल
    लोकसभा क्षेत्र से सांसद भी रह चुके हैं। वर्तमान में बदायूं लोकसभा
    क्षेत्र से उनके भतीजे धर्मेन्द्र यादव सांसद हैं, उन्होंने 11 अप्रैल को
    जिला प्रशासन द्वारा आयोजित तीन दिवसीय बदायूं महोत्सव का दीप
    प्रज्ज्वलित कर शुभारंभ किया। इससे पहले शासन-प्रशासन की मदद से अफसरों
    और कर्मचारियों के साथ जिले भर के धनपतियों, माफियाओं और व्यापारियों से
    बड़े स्तर पर उगाही की गई। विभिन्न सरकारी मदों और उगाही से मिले धन से
    खेल-कूद, कुश्ती, निशानेबाजी, रंगोली, साईकिल मैराथन, मुशायरा, कवि
    सम्मेलन और म्यूजिकल नाइट के नाम पर चंद लोग तीन दिन जमकर मस्ती करेंगे।
    हालाँकि महोत्सव को प्रशासन साहित्यिक आयोजन करार देता है, लेकिन महोत्सव
    में शकील बदायूंनी का जिक्र तक नहीं किया जाता, जबकि दुनिया के तमाम
    देशों में बदायूं को विश्व प्रसिद्ध गीतकार शकील के कारण जाना जाता है,
    इसी तरह शौकत अली फानी का भी कोई नाम नहीं लेता और हाल ही के वर्षों में
    शरीर त्यागने वाले विश्व प्रसिद्ध साहित्यकार डॉ. ब्रजेन्द्र अवस्थी के
    नाम तक का कोई उल्लेख नहीं करता, ऐसे में बदायूं महोत्सव को साहित्यिक
    आयोजन कैसे कहा जा सकता है?

    बदायूं जिले के हालातों की बात करें, तो बदायूं जिला उत्तर प्रदेश के उन
    जिलों में शीर्ष पर है, जिन जिलों में कानून व्यवस्था की स्थिति सर्वाधिक
    दयनीय है। कटरा सआदतगंज कांड के चलते देश को विश्व पटल पर शर्मसार होना
    पड़ा था, इसी तरह थाना मूसाझाग और कोतवाली उझानी परिसर में सिपाहियों
    द्वारा किशोरियों के साथ की गई यौन उत्पीड़न की वारदातों से भी प्रदेश की
    छवि खराब हो चुकी है, इन चर्चित घटनाओं के अलावा बदायूं जिले में हर दिन
    किसी न किसी क्षेत्र में जघन्यतम वारदात घटित होती ही रहती है। चार दिन
    पूर्व हुई वारदात के चलते तो जिले भर के लोग दहशत में हैं। बदायूं शहर के
    मोहल्ला ब्राह्मपुर में रहने वाले सेवानिवृत अभियंता वीके गुप्ता (72) और
    उनकी पत्नी शन्नो देवी (68) के 8 अप्रैल की रात में उनके घर में शव बरामद
    हुए थे। पति-पत्नी घर में अकेले रहते थे और दोनों को चाकू व रॉड से गोद
    कर मार दिया गया, जिसका खुलासा पुलिस अभी तक नहीं कर पाई है, जबकि मृतक
    चर्चित मुकुल हत्या कांड में वादी थे।

    बता दें कि 30 जून 2007 को बरेली में एएसपी के पद पर तैनात प्रशिक्षु जे.
    रवीन्द्र गौड़ के नेतृत्व में बरेली जिले के फतेहगंज पश्चिमी क्षेत्र में
    एक मुठभेड़ हुई, जिसमें बदायूं निवासी एक युवा मुकुल गुप्ता को मार दिया
    गया था। पुलिस ने उसे खूंखार अपराधी बताया था, जबकि मुकुल बरेली में
    साधारण कम्प्यूटर ऑपरेटर था। पुलिस की कहानी को वीके गुप्ता ने झूठा
    बताया था और उन्होंने अदालत में प्रार्थना पत्र देकर मुठभेड़ करने वाले
    पुलिस कर्मियों के विरुद्ध एफआईआर लिखाने की गुहार लगाई थी, जिस पर अदालत
    ने मुकदमा लिखने का आदेश दे दिया, लेकिन पुलिस ने मुदकमे में फाइनल
    रिपोर्ट लगा दी थी, इसके बाद बदायूं शहर के उस वक्त के विधायक महेश चंद्र
    गुप्ता ने इस मामले को विधान सभा में उठाया था, जिस पर शासन ने
    सीबीसीआईडी जांच कराने के आदेश दे दिए थे, पर सीबीसीआईडी जांच में भी कुछ
    नहीं हुआ। हार कर बुजर्ग वीके गुप्ता ने हाईकोर्ट का सहारा लिया था और 26
    फरवरी 2010 को हाईकोर्ट ने मामले की सीबीआई जांच करने के आदेश दिए थे।
    सीबीआई ने इस मामले में आईपीएस जे. रविन्द्र गौड़ के साथ दस आरोपी बनाये
    और जे. रविन्द्र गौड़ के विरुद्ध सुबूत जुटा कर शासन से अभियोजन की अनुमति
    मांगी, लेकिन शासन ने अनुमति नहीं दी है। मृतक अपने बेटे को न्याय दिलाने
    की जंग लड़ रहे थे, लेकिन स्थानीय प्रशासन न उनकी सुरक्षा कर सका और न ही
    अब तक उनके हत्यारों को खोज पाया है।

    बारिश और तेज हवाओं ने समूचे प्रदेश में कहर बरपाया है, लेकिन सर्वाधिक
    प्रभावित क्षेत्रों में बदायूं जिला शीर्ष पर है, यहाँ अब तक दस से अधिक
    किसान आत्म हत्या कर चुके हैं, जिनके आश्रित जड़वत नजर आ रहे हैं। बर्बाद
    किसानों के परिवारों में कोहराम मचा हुआ है, उनकी आँखों का पानी सूख चुका
    है और शरीर में इतनी शक्ति नहीं बची है कि मुंह से आह भी निकल सके, उनकी
    हालत देख कर हर आँख नम है, लेकिन जिला प्रशासन इतना अमानवीय हो चला है कि
    उन्हें सांत्वना देने की जगह जश्न मना रहा है।

    बी.पी. गौतम
    स्वतंत्र पत्रकार

    नोट- बदायूं महोत्सव का दीप प्रज्ज्वलित कर शुभारंभ करते सांसद धर्मेन्द्र यादव।

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     Pakistan's Involvement in Yemen
    ইয়েমেনে সৌদি আরবের নেতৃত্বাধীন জোটের বিমানবাহিনী বোমাবর্ষণ করছে। তাতে শত শত নিরীহ সাধারণ মানুষও নিহত হচ্ছে। ইয়েমেনে এই সামরিক হামলার পক্ষে বাংলাদেশ সরকার তাড়াতাড়ি সমর্থন দিয়ে বসেছে। তারা হয়তো দেশের মানুষের জন্য কী বড় বিপদ ডেকে আনছে সেটি উপলব্ধি করার ক্ষমতা নেই। এ রকম একটি পরিস্থিতিতে বাংলাদেশের নিরপেক্ষ থাকাই অধিকতর যৌক্তিক ছিল। কিন্তু ভিন্ন অবস্থান নেয়ায় বাংলাদেশ এখন হুমকির মুখে পড়তে পারে।

    On Sat, Apr 11, 2015 at 9:50 PM, Farida Majid <> wrote:
    Salute to the Pakistani Parliament.

    Greetings and appreciation to all Pakistani Parliament members for voting NO to Pakistan participation in Saudi aggression against Yemen.

    Subject: RE: {PFC-Friends} Fwd: Pakistan's Involvement in Yemen
    Date: Sat, 11 Apr 2015 09:33:55 +0100

    Forwarding to you the following:

    The Pentagon plan to 'divide and rule' the Muslim world
    Nafeez Ahmed
    Friday 3 April 2015 
    The article is as follows: 
    The Middle East Eye

    The Pentagon plan to 'divide and rule' the Muslim world
    Nafeez Ahmed's picture
    Friday 3 April 2015 12:30 BST

    Yemen is the latest casualty of a neoconservative strategy commissioned by the US Army to 'capitalise on Sunni-Shia conflict' in the Middle East - the goal is nothing short of 'Western dominance'

    Yemen is on the brink of "total collapse" according to the UN high commissioner for human rights. Saudi Arabia's terror from the air, backed by Washington, Britain and an unprecedented coalition of Gulf states, has attempted to push back the takeover of Yemen's capital Sanaa by Shiite Houthi rebels.

    As Iran-backed Houthi forces have pressed into Aden, clashing with Yemeni troops loyal to exiled President Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi, the US has provided live video feeds from US surveillance drones to aid with Saudi targeting. The Pentagon is set to expand military aid to the open-ended operation, supplying more intelligence, bombs and aerial refuelling missions.

    Yet growing evidence suggests that the US itself, through its Gulf allies, gave the northern Houthis a green light for their offensive last September.

    US advanced warning

    As David Hearst reported in October 2014, the Houthi offensive was "conducted under the nose of a US military base in Djibouti" from where CIA drones operate. "The Houthis are even protecting the US embassy in Sanaa."

    Hearst revealed that the Houthis had been emboldened by a quiet nod from Saudi Arabia, under the watchful eye of US intelligence.

    A year earlier, then Saudi intelligence chief Prince Bandar met with Houthi leader Saleh Habreh in London. The Saudis wanted to mobilise the Houthis against the Islah Party, Yemen's Muslim Brotherhood branch that shared power with President Hadi, so that they "cancel each other out" in conflict.

    But Islah refused to confront the Houthis, and Riyadh's green light backfired, allowing the militia to march unhindered to the capital.

    The US was involved. Sources close to Hadi say they were told by the Americans about a meeting in Rome between Iranian officials and the son of former President Ali Abdullah Saleh, to secure his assurances that government units loyal to Saleh would not oppose the Houthi advance.

    Three years ago, Ali Abdullah Saleh was replaced by Hadi in US-Saudi-backed negotiations that granted him immunity from prosecution. Audio leaks and a UN Security Council report prove Saleh's extensive collusion with the Houthis to the extent of supervising their military operations.

    Yet President Hadi, who fled in the wake of the Houthi offensive, "said he was informed of the meeting in Rome by the Americans, but only after the Houthis had captured Sanaa." [emphasis added]

    The US, in other words, despite being aware of the impending Iran-backed operation, did not pass on intelligence about this to its own asset in Yemen until after the Houthis' success.

    Double game

    According to another source close to President Hadi, the UAE also played a key role in the Houthi operation, providing $1 billion to the Houthis through Saleh and his son Ahmad.

    If true, this means in sum that US intelligence had advanced warning of the Houthi offensive and Saleh's role in it; the UAE had reportedly provided funding to Saleh for the operation; and the Saudis had personally given the Houthis the green light in hope of triggering a fight to the death with Yemen's Brotherhood.

    According to Abdussalam al-Rubaidi, a lecturer at Sanaa University and chief editor of the Yemen Polling Center's "Framing the Yemeni Revolution Project," local reports in Yemen refer to "an alliance… between the Houthis, the United States, and Saleh's Republican Guard," to counter Ansar al-Sharia, the local al-Qaeda branch. Some Yemeni politicians also said that "the Americans gave a green light to the Houthis to enter the capital and weaken Islah".

    Why would the US do nothing to warn its Yemeni client regime about the incoming Houthi offensive, while then rushing to support Saudi Arabia's military overreaction to fend off the spectre of Iranian expansion?

    Divide and rule

    The escalation of the crisis in Yemen threatens to spiral into a full-scale Sunni-Shia regional war-by-proxy.

    Since 9/11, every country in the region touched by major US interference has collapsed into civil war as their social fabric has been irreversibly shattered: Yemen, Syria, Iraq and Libya.

    The ensuing arc of sectarian warfare bears uncanny resemblance to scenarios explored in a little-known study by an influential Washington DC defence contractor.

    Unfolding the Future of the Long War, a 2008 RAND Corporation report, was sponsored by the US Army Training and Doctrine Command's Army Capability Integration Centre. It set out US government policy options for prosecuting what it described as "the long war" against "adversaries" in "the Muslim world," who are "bent on forming a unified Islamic world to supplant Western dominance".

    Muslim world adversaries include "doctrinaire" Salafi-jihadists; "religious nationalist organisations" like "Hezbollah and Hamas that participate in the political process" but are also "willing to use violence"; secular groups "such as communists, Arab nationalists, or Baathists"; and "nonviolent organisations" because their members might later join "more radical organisations".

    The report suggests that the US Army sees all Muslim political groups in the region that challenge the prevailing geopolitical order as "adversaries" to be countered and weakened.

    Among the strategies explored by the US Army-sponsored report is "Divide and Rule," which calls for "exploiting fault lines between the various SJ [Salafi-jihadist] groups to turn them against each other and dissipate their energy on internal conflicts," for instance between "local SJ groups" focused on "overthrowing their national government" and transnational jihadists like al-Qaeda.

    This appears to be the strategy in Libya and Syria, where local insurgents, despite affiliations with al-Qaeda, received covert US aid to overthrow Gaddafi and Assad.

    The RAND report recommends that the US and its local allies "could use the nationalist jihadists to launch proxy IO [information operation] campaigns to discredit the transnational jihadists… the United States and the host nation could even help the nationalist jihadists execute a military campaign to stamp out al-Qaeda elements that are present locally."

    US support for such "nationalist jihadists" would, however, need to be packaged appropriately for public consumption. "Because of the nature of the nationalist terrorist groups, any assistance would be mainly covert and would imply advanced IO capabilities."

    This illustrates the confusion in US defence circles about the complex relationship between transnational and national jihadists. According to Dr Akil Awan, an expert in jihadist groups at Royal Holloway, University of London, before 9/11 the concerns of national jihadist groups were "often very local and parochial". This changed after 9/11, as al-Qaeda's "brand value became irresistible to many local groups, who then pledged allegiance to bin Laden in savvy PR campaigns".

    "Funding national jihadist groups is not a particularly bright idea," said Dr Awan. "Yes it might undermine support for global jihadist groups like al-Qaeda, but whoever proposed it has a very poor memory in terms of recent US foreign policy by proxy warfare and the inevitable blowback effect - case in point: Afghanistan. Supporting violent groups for your own foreign policy objectives is also incredibly damaging to local democratic or peaceful voices, and other civil society actors."

    The US Army-backed report did show awareness of this risk of "blowback," noting that the "divide and rule" strategy "may inadvertently empower future adversaries in the pursuit of immediate gains".

    Capitalising on sectarianism

    According to Dr Christopher Davidson of Durham University, author of After the Sheikhs: the Coming Collapse of the Gulf Monarchies, the current crisis in Yemen is being "egged on" by the US, and could be part of a wider covert strategy to "spur fragmentation in Iran allies and allow Israel to be surrounded by weak states".

    He suggests that the Yemen war serves US interests in three overlapping ways. It tests whether or not Iran will "ramp up support for Houthis". If not, then Iran's potential role "as a reliable, not expansionist regional policeman (much like the Shah) will seem confirmed to the US." 

    The war could also weaken Saudi Arabia. Pushing the House of Saud into a "full-on hot war," said Dr Davidson, would be "great for the arms industry, [and] gives the US much needed leverage over increasingly problematic Riyadh… If the regime in Saudi Arabia's time is up, as many in the US seem to privately believe, in the post-$100 a barrel era, this seems a useful way of running an ally into the ground quite quickly".

    The Yemen conflict also "diverts global attention from IS [Islamic State] in Levant and the increasingly obvious uselessness or unwillingness of the US-led coalition to act against it".

    Davidson points out that there is precedent for this: "There have been repeated references in the Reagan era to the usefulness of sectarian conflict in the region to US interests."

    One post-Reagan reiteration of this vision was published by the Jerusalem-based Institute for Strategic and Political Advanced Studies for Benjamin Netanyahu. The 1996 paper, A Clean Break, by Douglas Feith, David Wurmser and Richard Perle – all of whom went on to join the Bush administration – advocated regime-change in Iraq as a precursor to forging an Israel-Jordan-Turkey axis that would "roll back" Syria, Lebanon and Iran. The scenario is surprisinglysimilar to US policy today under Obama.

    Twelve years later, the US Army commissioned a further RAND report suggesting that the US "could choose to capitalise on the Shia-Sunni conflict by taking the side of the conservative Sunni regimes in a decisive fashion and working with them against all Shiite empowerment movements in the Muslim world… to split the jihadist movement between Shiites and Sunnis." The US would need to contain "Iranian power and influence" in the Gulf by "shoring up the traditional Sunni regimes in Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Pakistan". Simultaneously, the US must maintain "a strong strategic relationship with the Iraqi Shiite government" despite its Iran alliance.

    Around the same time as this RAND report was released, the US was covertly coordinating Saudi-led Gulf state financing to Sunni jihadist groups, many affiliated to al-Qaeda, from Iraq to Syria to Lebanon. That secret strategy accelerated under Obama in the context of the anti-Assad drive.

    The widening Sunni-Shia sectarian conflict would "reduce the al-Qaeda threat to US interests in the short term," the report concluded, by diverting Salafi-jihadist resources toward "targeting Iranian interests throughout the Middle East," especially in Iraq and Lebanon, hence "cutting back… anti-Western operations".

    By backing the Iraqi Shiite regime and seeking an accommodation with Iran, while propping up al-Qaeda sponsoring Gulf states and empowering local anti-Shia Islamists across the region, this covert US strategy would calibrate levels of violence to debilitate both sides, and sustain "Western dominance".

    The Pentagon's neocon fifth column

    The concept of "the long war" was first formulated years earlier by a little-known Pentagon think-tank known as the Highlands Forum. The Forum regularly brings together senior Pentagon officials with leaders across the political, corporate, business and media sectors in secret meetings.

    Formally founded under the authority of Bill Clinton's then defence secretary William J Perry, the Pentagon Highlands Forum was established to coordinate interagency policy oninformation operations. Originally run through the Office of the Secretary of Defence, the Forum now reports to the Office of the Undersecretary of Defence for Intelligence, the Defence Advanced Research and Projects Agency (DARPA), the Office of Net Assessment (ONA), and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), among other agencies.

    The Highlands Forum also works closely with the Pentagon federal advisory committee, the Defence Policy Board, of which arch-neocon Richard Perle (co-author of the "Clean Break" strategy) was a member from 1987 to 2004.

    Under the Obama administration, Defence Policy Board members have included leading neocon statesmen such as William Perry and Henry Kissinger.

    RAND Corp in particular is a longstanding Forum partner.

    Despite its bipartisan pretensions, the Pentagon Highlands Forum is an overwhelmingly neoconservative network. Its acolytes, Defence Secretary Ashton Carter, Deputy Defence Secretary Robert Work, and DoD intelligence chief Mike Vickers, hold the reigns of Obama's military strategies.

    Today, they are busily executing the US Army's "divide and rule" strategy to forcibly reconfigure the Middle East by proxy sectarian violence. How much of the chaos is "blowback," and how much of it is intended, is difficult to determine.

    In any case, the latest casualty of this doomed strategy is Yemen.

    - Nafeez Ahmed PhD is an investigative journalist, international security scholar and bestselling author who tracks what he calls the 'crisis of civilization.' He is a winner of the Project Censored Award for Outstanding Investigative Journalism for his Guardian reporting on the intersection of global ecological, energy and economic crises with regional geopolitics and conflicts. He has also written for The Independent, Sydney Morning Herald, The Age, The Scotsman, Foreign Policy, The Atlantic, Quartz, Prospect, New Statesman, Le Monde diplomatique, New Internationalist. His work on the root causes and covert operations linked to international terrorism officially contributed to the 9/11 Commission and the 7/7 Coroner's Inquest.

    The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

    Photo: Saudi Brigadier General Ahmed Asiri, spokesman of the Saudi-led coalition forces, speaks to the media at the Riyadh airbase in the Saudi capital on 26 March (AFP)


    [Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed was born in London, England in November 1978. He is of Bangladeshi origin. He is a political analyst and human rights activist, specialising in Western foreign policy and its impact on human rights. He is Executive Director of the Institute for Policy Research & Development (IPRD), an independent, interdisciplinary, non-profit think tank based in Brighton, UK. 

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    Report: ISIS Beheads Senior Hamas Operative in Syria
    [ISIS attacking the Palestinian movement - NP] ( By Ari Soffer Sheikh Abu Salah Taha believed to be among scores of Palestinians executed in ...
    Preview by Yahoo
    [ISIS attacking the Palestinian movement – NP]
    By Ari Soffer
    Sheikh Abu Salah Taha believed to be among scores of Palestinians executed in Yarmouk; image of severed head posted online.
    Among the Palestinian Arab fighters beheaded by the Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS) in Damascus's Yarmouk camp was a senior Hamas figure in Syria, according to emerging reports.
    On Saturday, senior Israel Arab journalist Khaled Abu Toumeh posted agraphic image which appeared to show the severed head of Sheikh Abu Salah Taha, held aloft by an ISIS fighter in Yarmouk.
    ISIS has been involved in fierce clashes inside the camp since Wednesday, as it seeks to wrest control of it from Palestinian Islamist rebels aligned with Hamas.
    As of Sunday morning, ISIS were said to be in control of between 50-90% of Yarmouk, according to various reports. The takeover of the camp – located at the southern edge of the Syrian capital – is the closest ISIS has come to the heart of the Assad regime. Even more alarming for the regime are reports that ISIS's Yarmouk offensive was made possible with the cooperation of the Nusra Front, Al Qaeda's official arm in Syria, which until now has been involved in a bloody rivalry of its own with ISIS.
    Concerns over the possibility of further jihadi advances into Damascus have even reportedly spurred the regime into making the unprecedented move of facilitating military aid to rebels inside the camp to fend off the ISIS assault.
    Yarmouk has been under siege by government forces for nearly two years, with some 18,000 civilians still trapped inside, and the regime is currently in control of its northernmost areas, to block off any rebel advances further into the capital. Around 2,000 of those remaining civilians have been evacuated over the weekend as the fighting worsens, according to Palestinian sources.
    Regime airstrikes have also been witnessed in the past several hours, although as yet there is no word on any casualties.
    Despite that ISIS appears to have the upper hand, and has reportedly set about beheading Palestinian fighters and civilians alike in areas under its control in a grisly campaign of retribution, posting evidence of its atrocities online.


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    Russia has proposed to Iran to join the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU).
    Russia has proposed to Iran to join the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU).
    Russia has proposed to Iran to join the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) – a regional trading bloc comprised of states located primarily in northern Eurasia. 
    Mehdi Sana'ei, Iran's ambassador to Russia, has been quoted by the media as saying that the proposal was raised during a meeting in Moscow with Viktor Khristenko, the chairman of the Eurasian Commission. 
    Iran's Embassy in Moscow has announced in a statement that the meeting was held on this past Thursday.  The Embassy said Khristenko has called on Iran to have an active and efficient cooperation EAEU. 
    Accordingly, it has been agreed for Iran and EAEU to start expert talks for Iran's membership to the Union that already comprises Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Armenia, Iran's Fararu news website has reported.  
    The EAEU, which has is based in Moscow, was officially established in January 2015. It introduces the free movement of goods, capital, services and people and provides for common transport, agriculture and energy policies, with provisions for a single currency and greater integration in the future.     
    The Union – that has a GDP of $2.4 trillion and a foreign trade turnover of above $900 billion – says on its website that it is being created to comprehensively upgrade, raise the competitiveness of and cooperation between the national economies, and to promote stable development in order to raise the living standards of the nations of the member-states. 

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    बिनाब्यानरको नागरिक र वाग्मती अभियान

    चैत्र २८ - 
    वाग्मती सफाइ अभियानको १०० औं हप्तामा म पनि आफ्नो इलाकामा सामेल भएँ। अभियानमा यो मेरो पहिलो सहभागिता थियो। यसअघि पनि नेपाल टेलिकमबाट प्रत्येक साता शुक्रबार यो अभियानमा सहभागी हुनका लागि मोबाइलमा सन्देश आइरहन्थे। तर यसपटक भने यसले मलाई पनि तान्यो। बिहान ७ बजे सुन्दरीघाट पुग्दा वारि अर्थात् कीर्तिपुरको किनारमा मानिसहरूको उपस्थिति निकै कम थियो। पारि भने उपस्थिति पनि राम्रो थियो, हातेसाङ्लोमा उभिनका लागि ठाउँ पनि मिलेको। ७ देखि ८ बजे एक घण्टाको समय मैले सुन्दरीघाटदेखि बल्खुसम्मको वाग्मती किनारमा बिताएँ। मानिसहरूको उपस्थिति उल्लेख्य थियो। सायद यो शृङ्खला सुन्दरीजलदेखि चोभारसम्म नै थियो होला। मानिसहरू आआफ्ना संस्थाका ब्यानर, क्यापसहित आएका थिए। सेना, सशस्त्रका सुरक्षाकर्मीहरू आफ्नो बर्दीमा बाक्लो उपस्थिति थियो। विद्यालयका केही विद्यार्थी र शिक्षकहरू पनि आआफ्ना पोसाकमा थिए। कुनै निर्दिष्ट ठाउँमा सरकारी कर्मचारीहरू पनि मनग्गै थिए होलान्। तर म भने बिनाउर्दी र बर्दीको एउटा नागरिक एक्लै गएको थिएँ। 

    सहभागीहरूका लागि विभिन्न संस्थाका माध्यमबाट मास्क, पन्जाहरू बाँडिएका थिए। मैले पनि त्यो सौजन्य प्राप्त गरेँ। मलाई किनारैकिनार अगाडि बढ्न सहज भयो। करिब ७ः१५ तिर एउटा संस्थाको आयोजनमा ल्याबोरेटरी स्कुलको अगाडिको खण्डमा राष्ट्रिय गानसँगै कार्यक्रम प्रारम्भ भएको उद्घोष भयो। म पनि साङ्लोमा बाँधिएँ, वाग्मती फोहोर गर्न दिन्नँ भनेर। बल्खुमा पुग्दा तयारी क्रम नै थियो। त्यहाँ पनि हातेसाङ्लोमा बाँधिएँ। वाचा त गरें, तर मलाई थाहा छैन, मेरो घरबाट निस्कने मलमूत्रको ढल अहिले कहाँ खस्छ भनेर। ढलको काम बाँकी नै छ। वाग्मती सफाइको एउटा बृहत् आयोजना नै चलिरहेछ। अहिलेको अभियानले १०० हप्ता पुर्‍याएको छ। 

    यो अभियानको पछिल्लो कडीमा नेपाल सरकारका मुख्य सचिव लीलामणि पौडेलको नाम महत्त्वका साथ आउँछ। जसका श्रेयी पनि छन् उनी। विगतमा वाग्मती सभ्यतामा जन्मिएका हुर्किएका कोही मुख्य सचिव भए भएनन् मलाई थाहा छैन। तर सुन्दरीजलदेखि सुन्दरीघाटसम्म सरकारको सचिव भएकाहरूको संख्या भने कम छैन। वाग्मतीकै पानी खाएका मजस्ता प्राध्यापकहरू पनि धेरै छन् यो करिडरमा। एकताका 'वाग्मती बा' भनेर चिनिएका हुतराम वैद्यको नाम यो अभियानमा निकै चर्चित थियो। सुन्दरीघाटदेखि बल्खुसम्मको त्यो अभियान यात्रामा उनको नाम कसैले सम्झेजस्तो लाग्दैन। मलाई लाग्यो वाग्मती सफाइ र संरक्षण सरकारी ओहदा र निर्देशनमा मात्रै सम्भव रहेछ। तर सभ्यता यसरी बन्दैन।

    पञ्चायतकालमा पनि एकपटक ढल वाग्मतीमा नमिसाउने भनेर अहिले जस्तै ठूलठूला ह्युम पाइप हालिएका थिए। टेकुदेखि बल्खुसम्म त म आफैंले देखेको थिएँ। सुन्दरीघाटपारि टि्रटमेन्ट प्लान्टका लागि जग्गा पनि लिइएको थियो। काम नभएपछि त्यो स्थलमा ठूलठूला तलाउ बनेको म कीर्तिपुरबाट सहजै देख्थें। किन त्यो योजना बन्द भयो थाहा भएन। केही वर्षअघि मात्र बाबुराम भट्टराईको सरकारले थापाथलीबाट सुकम्बासी बस्ती हटाएर त्यहाँ राख्ने प्रयास पनि गरेको थियो। स्थानीयवासीको विरोधले त्यो काम रोकियो। हुन पनि एउटा कामको लागि भनेर जमिन अधिकरण गर्ने र पछि अर्कै प्रयोजनका लागि त्यसको उपयोग गर्ने कुरा न्यायसंगत होइन। अन्यथा त्रिभुवन विश्वविद्यालयको खाली जग्गामा घडेरी प्लटिङ गरे पनि त भइहाल्यो नि। 

    १०० औं हप्ताको यो अभियान बहुप्रचारित पनि थियो। मातहतका कर्मचारी, शिक्षक, विद्यार्थी, गैससका लागि निकै जोडतोडको उर्दी निर्देशन पनि रहेछ। अघिल्लो दिन सुन्दै थिएँ, प्रधानमन्त्री, प्रधानन्यायाधीश लगायतका पदाधिकारीहरूले आफ्ना मातहतकालाई निर्देशन दिएका समाचारहरू। बिहानैदेखि गाडीवाला सरकारी कर्मचारीका घरघरमा गाडी स्ट्यान्डवाइ देखिन्थे वाग्मती अभियानमा कर्मचारी सहभागिता जुटाउन। म भने फटाफट हिँ्डदै थिएँ, बिहानको वाकिङ पनि सँगै हुने भयो भनेर। हातेमालोमा जुटेका एक शिक्षक मित्रले सुनाए विद्यार्थीसहित अनिवार्य उपस्थिति हुनुपर्छ भनिएको थियो भनेर। अर्का एकजना मित्र आफ्नो बसाइ छेउमै वाग्मती भए पनि, अफिसले निर्दिष्ट गरेको ठाउँमै पुग्नुपर्ने रहेछ। उनी उतै लागेछन्। अभियानपछि उनीकहाँ पसेर चिया खाने मेरो इच्छा त्यसै रह्यो। 

    २०६२/६३ को आन्दोलनपछि निर्देशन शब्द निकै जोडले हाम्रा सार्वजनिक महत्त्वका पद र प्रतिष्ठानहरूले प्रचलनमा ल्याउन थालेका छन्। मानौं 'निर्देशन' लोकतन्त्रको उन्नत पर्याय शब्द हो। सन् '६० को दशकमा नेपालका महेन्द्र, युगोस्लोभियाका टिटो, इन्डोनेसियाका सुकार्नो, इजिप्टका नासेरहरूले आफ्ना देशमा लोकतन्त्रलाई नास्दै वा सीमित गर्दै 'निर्देशित प्रणाली' चलाएका थिए। मलाई उदेक लाग्छ, गणतन्त्र घोषणा भइसकेर संविधानको अंग बनिसकेको अवस्थामा पनि हाम्रो सार्वजनिक अभिव्यक्तिमा 'अधिराज्य' र शासकीय संस्कारमा 'निर्देशन' जस्ता शब्दहरूले किन बाहुल्य पाउँछन्, परिवर्तनले सार्थकता पाउन यसका राजनीतिक व्यवस्थापकहरूको मानसिकतामा नै परिवर्तनको मूल्य र मान्यताले प्रवेश पाउनु जरुरी छ। अन्यथा परिवर्तन एउटा राजनीतिक ढोंगमा सीमित हुन्छ। अहिले नेपालको हालत यस्तै छ।

    सुन्दरीघाट मेरा लागि महत्त्वको छ। पहिलो त, त्यो मेरा पूर्वजहरूकोे सद्गत अर्थात् शवदाह गरिएको ठाउँ हो। मेरा बा, हजुरबा, हजुरआमासम्मको त्यहीं नै दाहसंस्कार गरिएको थियो। कैयौंपटक म आफैं मलामी भएर गएको छु। हेर्दाहेर्दै त्यो ठाउँ दाहसंस्कारका लागि योग्य रहेन। अहिले सुन्दरीघाटको श्मसानबाट धुवाँ उठेको देखिन्न। दाहसंस्कारका लागि मानिसहरूले अन्यत्र शव लान थालेका छन्।

    अर्को कुरा, म स्कुल जान थालेदेखि त्यो ठाउँले मसँग बेग्लै परिचय बनाएको छ। म पाँगाको तत्कालीन जालविनायक मिडिल स्कुलमा पढ्थें। शिक्षकहरू सहरबाट साइकल चढेर आउँथे। सुन्दरीघाटमा हामी उनीहरूलाई पर्खिबस्थ्यौं। त्यहींबाट उकालो सुरु हुन्थ्यो, हामी केही विद्यार्थीहरू साइकल समाउन जान्थ्यौं। उकालोभर स्याँस्याँ र फाँफाँ गर्दै साइकल माथिको सम्म भागमा पुर्‍याउँथ्यौं। सरहरूलाई पनि राहत, त्यसैबेला हामी पनि साइकल चढ्ने रहर मेटाउँथ्यौं। सुन्दरीघाट र चोभार गणेशस्थानमा दह परेका ठाउँहरू थिए। हामी त्यहाँ नुहाउने, धुने गथ्र्यौं, पौडी खेल्थ्यौं। त्यसबेला वाग्मतीको पानी खानु सामान्य थियो। यी विभिन्न अवस्थामा म एउटा व्यक्ति मात्र भएर पनि वाग्मतीसँग जोडिएको छु। त्यसैले पनि होला, कुनै संघसंस्था, पद र कार्यालयसँग आबद्ध नभएर पनि म दौडिएको थिएँ, नजिकको वाग्मती किनारमा।

    काठमाडौं उपत्यकाको चिनारी वाग्मती सभ्यता हो। यहाँका मानिसहरूको जीवन वाग्मतीसँग जोडिएको थियो। उपत्यकाभित्रको समाज, संस्कृति, अर्थ र राजनीतिक व्यवस्था पनि वाग्मतीको सन्दर्भबिना पूरा हुँदैन। वाग्मतीका सहायक नदीनाला भएका ठाउँहरू चाँगु, भक्तपुर, थिमी, थानकोट, टोखामा ससाना मध्यकालीन बस्ती र सभ्यता अझै देख्न सकिन्छ। नदी र उब्जाउ भूमि एसियाली सभ्यताकै आधार हुन्। यसैमा त मध्यकालीन नेपालको बेजोड संस्कृति र कलाकृति देख्न पाइन्छ। पहाड होस् वा तराई नदीकिनारको सानो फाँटमा पनि मानव सभ्यताको एउटा रूप जताततै देख्न सकिन्छ। नदी नभए पनि तलाउहरू भरेर सभ्यताको विकास गरेको उदाहरण तराईको मिथिला क्षेत्रमा पाइन्छ।

    जल, जमिन, जंगलको एउटा विशेषता छ, एउटा हदसम्म प्राणीजन्य फोहोरलाई निर्मलीकरण गर्ने। सोझै पानीमा फोहोर -दिसापिसाब) गर्नु हुन्न, पाप लाग्छ भनेर हजुरआमाले भनेको अझै मैले बिर्सेको छैन। त्यसैले पहिलेका मानिसहरू सोझै नदीनालामा फोहोर गर्दैनथे। नदी किनारको कुरा बेग्लै हो। पानीलाई प्रत्यक्ष रूपमा दूषित गरिंदैनथ्यो। यो ठूलो मान्यता बनेको थियो अघिल्लो पुस्ताका मानिसमा। जमिन र जंगलमा उत्सर्जित गरिने फोहोर प्राकृतिक रूपमा निर्मलीकरण हुन्थ्यो, त्यही कारण नदीनाला प्रदूषित हुँदैनथेे। 

    विविध समयका राजनीतिक परिवर्तन, जनसंख्या चाप र अव्यवस्थित बसोबासका कारण बिस्तारै उपत्यकावासीको जीवन वाग्मतीबाट टाढिँदै गयो। यो वास्तवमा स्वार्थीसत्तासँग जोडिएको कथित विकासको परिणाम हो। अहिलेको अनुत्तरदायी र अविवेकी बजारीकरणले वाग्मती मात्र होइन, हाम्रा सबै नदीनालाहरू ढलमा परिणत भएका छन्। बस्तीको कम चाप र पानीको परिमाणले कोसी, कणर्ालीजस्ता नदीहरू सफा त देखिएका छन् तर ती पनि कम प्रदूषित छैनन्।

    ०२७/०२८ सालतिर कलेज पढ्न थालेपछि पत्रपत्रिका पनि पढ्ने बानी बस्यो। त्यतिखेरै कुनै एउटा साप्ताहिकमा गुह्येश्वरीतिर घर बनाएका कुनै ठूला पञ्च नेताको शौचालयबाट निस्कने फोहोर सोझै वाग्मतीमा खसालिन्छ भनेर लेखिएको थियो। हेर्दाहेर्दै उपत्यकावासी सबैका दिसापिसाबको नदी बन्यो वाग्मती। अब त वाग्मती मात्र होइन सिंगो उपत्यका नै फोहोरको डंगुर बनिरहेछ। यसमा उपत्यकाका बासिन्दाभन्दा पनि राज्यका नीतिनिर्माता र सहर व्यवस्थापकहरू दोषी छन्। हाइवेका दायाँबायाँ पनि उत्तिकै फोहोर बढिरहेछ। सहरीकरण बढ्दो छ, राज्यको कुनै योजना छैन, केवल नगरपालिका घोषणा गर्नेभन्दा बढी।

    अबको पचास वर्षमा कति नेपाली सहरवासी हुने छन् वा बनाइन्छन्। राज्यको कुनै प्रक्षेपण देखिन्न। सहर बढ्नु भनेको फोहोर बढ्नु पनि हो। नदीनालामा चाप बढ्नु हो। के छ यसको व्यवस्थापन तयारी राज्यका नीतिनिर्माताहरूसँग? सन् १९९५ मा म श्रीलंकाको क्यान्डी गएको थिएँ। श्रीलंककाको त्यो एउटा सुन्दर सहर हो। एकजना भारतीय र अर्का बंगलादेशी प्राध्यापक पनि थिए मसँग। साँझमा हामी त्यहाँको एउटा पार्कमा टहलिँदै थियौं। एक जना मानिस कहिले बत्तीको चिम पुछ्दै थिए त कहिले छरिएका फोहोरलाई एक ठाउँमा मिलाउँदै थिए। नयाँ मानिस देखेर उनी हाम्रा नजिक आए। म नेपालबाट आएको भनेपछि काठमाडांैका तत्कालीन मेयर पियल सिंहलाई चिन्छौ भनेर सोधे। पियल सिंहसँग मेरो राम्रै चिनजान थियो त्यसबेलासम्म। नगरपालिका नेतृत्वको सन्दर्भ आउँदा मेरा अगाडि पियल होइन, क्यान्डीका तिनै मेयरको अनुहार झलझल्ती आउँछ उनको नाम बिर्सिए पनि।

    मैले यहाँ 'बिनाब्यानरको नागरिक' शब्दावली चयन गरेको छु। यो सोचविचार गरेरै गरेको हो। हुतराम वैद्य बिनाब्यानरका नागरिक थिए। तर उनलाई वाग्मती अभियन्ताहरूले एउटा ब्यानर नै बनाएका थिए। उनी आज हाम्राबीच छैनन् नत्र एक्लै भए पनि आउँथे वाग्मती किनारको यो हातेसाङ्लोमा उनिन। जबसम्म बिनाब्यानर, बिनाउर्दी र बिनाबर्दी वाग्मती चेतना नागरिकमा आउँदैन, यो सफा हुँदैन, वाग्मती सभ्यता पनि जोगिँदैन। आजको प्रशासनको विस्तार र सहरीकरण वाग्मती विनाशको मूल कारण हो। राज्य संयन्त्रको भरमा गरिने अभियानहरू प्रचारमुखी र शोभाका लागि बढी हुन्छन्। 

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    Modi government in a crisis situation as greatest killing field in rural India emerging like tsunami to kill the breaking oil advantage!

    Intelligentsia,civil society, Politics,economics and media remain complete detached.

    The largest source of employment and livelihood is being killed as the Golden Bird,the mineral India is hunted and Modi launched an unprecedented Sell Off India global campaign with all its Hindutva venom!

    Palash Biswas

    Photo:Economic Times

    Modi government in a crisis situation as greatest killing field in rural India emerging like tsunami to kill the breaking oil advantage!The largest source of employment and livelihood is being killed as the Golden Bird,the mineral India is hunted and Modi launched an unprecedented Sell Off India global campaign with all its Hindutva venom!

    Media reports:Unseasonal rains have destroyed over 10 lakh hectares of standing crop across the country. The heavy loss is likely to have an adverse effect on prices of food items which may rise putting the Narendra Modi government in a crisis situation.

    Prime Minister Modi launched his Western front for Making in Gujarat and in every CEO conference,Indian Kalki Avtar is screaming for foreign investment may what come!At home,though tumbling oil prices boosted the Bull Run and rating agencies look very generous to paint a rosy scenario of Indian economy fundamentals have not changed a little bit but SEBI taking over RBI.

    The agrarian crisis never addressed hitherto might not be resolved with setting populist vote bank equations politically correct as the crisis intensified and Indian farming with its entire rural world seems to be a complete killing field as making in Gujarat has no priority whatsoever for the agrarian crisis.

    Today Sunday Economic Times just focused on the emerging greatest ever Killing field with which intelligentsia,civil society,Politics,economics and media remain complete detached.I am posting relevant ET reports with this write up.

    Apr 12 2015 : The Economic Times (Kolkata)

    Fields of Woe



    The unseasonal rain and hail of March are the last straw for India's farmers who have been sitting on a powder keg for some time now

    In his Budget speech this February, finance minister Arun Jaitley listed out five challenges ahead of the economy. The first on his list was stress in agricultural incomes. The FM may have had in mind poor productivity, water scarcity, food grain storage and all the allied ills that plague Indian agriculture, but he's unlikely to have anticipated what the Ides of March had in store: unseasonal rains and hailstorms across the country that wreaked havoc on the winter crop. The damage on farms is pushing debtridden farmers beyond the brink.

    Last month's burst of unseasonal rain and hail comes on the back of a decline in global commodity prices, including cotton, wheat, basmati rice, sugarcane, tea and rubber over the last year. A few government moves over the past 12-18 months haven't helped either. "MNREGA [the rural employment guarantee scheme] has been severely curtailed, crop procurement has been restricted and states have been asked not to give bonuses via an executive order from the central government. This has deepened the agrarian crisis across the countryside and we can expect a much higher rate of farmers' suicides in the coming months," says Biraj Patnaik, principal adviser to the commissioners of the Supreme Court. Not surprisingly, sowing has declined in both the kharif season (by 2.3 million hectares) and the current rabi season (by 4 million hectares).

    The even bigger worry is that the agriculture sector in India is stuck in a long drawn-out crisis. The primary problem is structural -agriculture contributes just 14% to GDP but employs 49% of the workforce, a situation that is unsustainable. About 80% of Indian farmers are small and marginal; as a result their cost of production is much higher.

    The problem of Indian agriculture calls for a longterm solution. In the immediate term, though, lakhs of farming households across the country -as the reports over the next pages will tell you -are crying out for a helping hand, and more. Read on:



    Apr 12 2015 : The Economic Times (Kolkata)

    The Land of Invisible Suicides

    KP Narayana Kumar



    Deaths of farmers in UP's Bundelkhand region are accidental, insists the state, and not due to distress caused by unseasonal rains

    Vikram Singh remembers the last days of his elder brother Jitendra with clarity. Thirty five-year-old Jitendra was a farmer who lived in a remote village in Jalaun district in southwest Uttar Pradesh. The district is situated in the drought-prone Bundelkhand region which has been fighting acute agricultural distress for the past decade. This year, Jitendra was more optimistic about life than in earlier years when he had to suffer losses repeatedly on account of drought. He expected a decent harvest and planned to marry off his eldest daughter. Jitendra even found a suitable boy from the neighbouring village and fixed a tentative date in May. But then Bundelkhand was hit by unseasonal rains and hailstorm in the last week of March. When Jitendra visited his farm he found that his pea crop was washed away."Since that day, Jitendra stopped talking to anyone in the family and locked himself up in his room," says Vikram.

    Earlier this week, Jitendra hanged himself in his room. "He had given his word to the bridegroom's family. The humiliation led him to commit suicide," said Vikram. The farmer is survived by four children and his wife.

    State Apathy

    In another village nearby, the relatives of an other farmer are mourning too. Mahavir Singh saw the destruction caused by the unseasonal rains and collapsed on the field. By the time his relatives carried him home, he was dead.

    Mahavir had also planned to marry off his daughter post-harvest. Both farmers had piled up debts due to the frequent spells of drought. Stories of farmers committing suicide or dying of heart attacks on the field have be come fairly commonplace in the region. Conversations between farmers from different villages begin with "another one gone today". The local newspapers also report these incidents regularly. So it appears strange that the only people who do not appear to have any knowledge about these deaths are the local district administration and the state government officials who operate out of Lucknow.The district collector as well as the chief secretary of the state have issued statements to the effect that they were yet to receive information about farmer suicides in the region.

    Villagers here say their lives are now peren nially dedicated to settling the debts and when they are unable to do so, they take the hard way out. Typically, a farmer takes loans through the Kisan Credit Card (KCC) scheme and, when he is unable to pay back, he takes additional loans from local moneylenders.

    When the crop fails as badly as it has this time, he finds that no one from the adminis tration even bothers to assess the damage to the crop. This means that the insurance mon ey due to him rarely materializes and the compensation too is awarded after lengthy paperwork. Devoid of support from the gov ernment agencies at this point, dozens of farmers in the region have taken the extreme step of killing themselves.

    Talking to ET Magazine, more than 30 villagers in Jalaun said they are also harassed by the police department when they are unable to repay loans. "Even as we get picked up by the police, the moneylenders' goons will be waiting for us when we get back from the police station," said a farmer.

    The KCC scheme is supplemented with crop insurance, the premium for which is deducted by the banks concerned and deposited with the insurance companies associated with the scheme.

    The KCC scheme is aimed at providing timely and affordable credit to farmers in India.The scheme was started in 1998-99. It allows farmers to have cash credit facilities without going through time-consuming bank credit screening processes. The card is issued on the basis of land held by the farmer and he needs to pro vide documentation for the same as security.

    The card is valid for three years and is subject to annual renewals. Withdrawals are made using slips, cards and a passbook. The premium for crop insurance is deducted automatically from the farmer's account.

    End of the Road?

    Lalita Prasad, 67, says he speaks for the entire village when he points out that he has never received any award through the insurance scheme although he has suffered losses more than once. Two dozen farmers who surround him nod their heads in approval.

    Research conducted by ET Magazine threw up three broad trends, all of which suggest that the farmer suicides are on account of the callousness of the administration. Firstly, the political leadership has not put any pressure on the bureaucracy to verify the reports of suicides. Secondly, the senior officials entrusted with the job at the district level have not issued instructions to the lower-ranking officials such as lekhpals (who prepare assessment reports) to visit the farmers and assess damages promptly. Finally, farmers say, the lekhpal does not process a file without taking a bribe.

    "Even if the case is that of an impoverished family seeking compensation after the head of the family has committed suicide, the field officers will ask for their cut. From getting a bank loan to assessment of crop loss, your work gets done only after a minimum of 10% of the amount is handed over to the officials," says a farmer who did not wish to be named.

    According to Sanjay Singh, an activist with Parmarth, an NGO based out of Jhansi, the first thing required in Bundelkhand to fight rural distress is a massive anti-corruption campaign. "We need something like the anti-corruption helpline started in Delhi."

    According to Singh the laborious verification process has made life difficult for the farmers. "When you know there has been loss, why don't you just pay the compensation taking into account the aggregate loss and size of farms? Why do you need to do so much of individual verification? This is opening the door for corruption," said Singh.

    The activist, who has been campaigning against rural distress in Bundelkhand for over a decade, says the lekhpals collect around `1,000 per crop failure report. "On an average there would be around a hundred reports that need to be drafted in a village and they get to pocket around `1 lakh per village just for assessing the damage. Those who don't pay simply do not figure in the process," he added.

    A manager with a leading bank that issues KCCs agreed that the follow-up on insurance claims by the companies concerned was below par. "The farmers themselves have no clue about how they can get their claim. No awareness pro grammes have been conducted to educate them about how the loss is computed and claims processed. If we need to improve the efficacy of the programme, the farmer needs to know that he has a right to his claim."

    Anil Sharma, a representative of the Association for D e m o c r a t i c Re forms who has been documenting the in efficacy of institutions in these parts, says there are many villages where people do not know how the government functions and what their basic rights are. "People do not get any help from the government. To make matters worse, climate change is beginning to cause a severe impact on agriculture so much so that we can say that farming could well be dying a slow death," said Sharma.

    Sharma says illegal mining is responsible for the severe swing in climate in the region ."The green cover in this area has been destroyed and this is because the political system makes money through mining. Years of cutting trees and over-exploitation of resources and destruction of the hills have contributed to the severity of the situation here," says Sharma.

    Changing Climate

    Some estimates suggest that as many as 100 farmers may have committed suicide in Bun delkhand till April this year. Due to the re petitive cycles of misery, a large number of farmers have migrated to Delhi and other towns in North India in search of work.

    Just when, after several dry spells, it looked as if things couldn't get worse, farmers were greeted with their harvest being washed away by untimely rains and hail. "The lekh pal had visited our house and he knows that my brother committed suicide. I don't know why he did not prepare a report and send it to the government or how the government can claim that they don't know about the sui cides," says the relative of a farmer who com mitted suicide a fortnight ago.

    The Uttar Pradesh government said that damage to crops had spread to 40 districts and said the monetary losses were now up wards of `1,100 crore. UP chief secretary Alok Ranjan, however, maintained that none of the deaths of farmers reported since late March this year were suicides and classified them as accidental deaths caused by light ning and other such. "There is no conclusive proof yet that any of the suicides that have been reported have anything to do with un seasonal, heavy rains," he said.

    The farmers are angry with the state gov ernment for the lack of urgency shown to meet the challenge of rural distress. They are also unhappy with the Centre for not moving fast enough to come to their aid."We had huge expectations from the Narendra Modi government. But they are nowhere to be seen after the elections," said Raghubir, a farmer from Mahoba village.According to the 27-year-old youngster, making announcements on compensation alone will not be enough. "The state govern ment is not doing anything. The Cen tre needs to play a more decisive role. But if they just announce com pensation without ensuring that the state bureaucracy plays its role in computing losses and processing files, it will be of no use. The farmers of the region desperately need the Narendra Modi we were promised. I hope he will take charge and ensure some action is taken on the ground."



    Business Standard reports the alarming scenario:

    With unseasonal rain and hail  threatening to damage 5-10 per cent of the standing crop, traders and private flour millers have signed contracts to import 70,000-80,000 tonnes of wheat.

    "Traders have entered into contracts to import wheat as there is a fear that much of high-quality fresh wheat, used by flour mill owners, might have been damaged in the recent rains, mainly in Madhya Pradesh," an official from a leading global trading firm told Business Standard.

    He added the development might be out of concern  over the damages and might not become a trend in the coming days, as grain stocks in state-run warehouses are much more than required.

    Purchases by India, the world's second largest wheat consumer and producer, could push global wheat prices, which have rallied six per cent in the past two sessions on the Chicago Board of Trade.  

    A Reuters report  said flour millers had purchased 70,000-80,000 tonnes of Australian prime wheat for April-May shipment at $260-$265 a tonne, including cost and freight.

    Last week, the Union government had lowered its estimate of crop damage in the recent rain and hail across several states, following a meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and officials from the affected states.

    According to the government's revised estimates, standing rabi crops in 10.67 million hectares of land has been damaged in the recent rains and hailstorm, which is 17.26% of the total rabi acreage of cereals. The preliminary estimate had cited the figure as 18.1 million hectares.

    While wheat suffered the most damage, the extent of damage in the revised estimates is much lower than the preliminary report - at 6.3 million hectares and 12.1 million hectare, respectively.

    This damage estimate also includes horticulture crops such as onion, mango, grapes, and banana, which was also the case during the earlier preliminary assessment done by the agriculture ministry.

    Stocks lying with the state-run Food Corporation of India totalled 19.52 million tonnes on March 1, which is substantially higher than a target of four million tonnes. However, some of the older stocks - two years and above - might be of lower quality. In addition to the rain-damage, Indian millers are also importing because of global freight rates, which plunged to a record low last month, the Reuters report said.

    Money Control reports:

    India has bought up to 80,000 tonnes of Australian wheat in recent deals, three trade sources said on Tuesday, the biggest such imports by the country in five years as unseasonal rains damage the crop at home. Purchases by the Fworld's No.2 wheat consumer and producer could buoy benchmark Chicago prices , which rallied more than 6 percent in the past two sessions and are currently near a one-week top amid concerns over dry weather and rising temperatures hurting the US winter crop. Indian flour millers have bought between 70,000 and 80,000 tonnes of Australian prime wheat for April-May shipment at USD 260-USD 265 a tonne, including cost and freight. "They have bought three cargoes as some mills are taking coverage because of reports of rain damage," said one Singapore-based trading manager with an international trading company. "We don't expect India to buy large volumes as they have substantially large stocks but there could be some demand for higher grade wheat." India imported around 200,000 tonnes of wheat in 2010, US Department of Agriculture data shows, and purchases since then have been low because of bumper domestic production. But wheat output and overall crop quality is seen taking a hit this year following heavy, untimely rain in northern and central grain-growing parts of India just before the harvest. Traders said the top high-protein wheat producing states of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan have seen worst damage. While it is too early to estimate the extent of damage to the wheat crop, winter crops in more than 10 million hectares could be hit, government officials said. India could be in the market for more shipments although large stockpiles in government silos may cap purchases. Stocks lying with the state-run Food Corporation of India totalled 19.52 million tonnes on March 1, substantially higher than a target of 4 million tonnes. Still, some of the stocks, which are more than two-year old, may be of average to lower quality. In addition to the rain-damage, Indian millers are importing also because of global freight rates that plunged to a record low last month. "At times some port-based flour millers in southern India import high-protein wheat from Australia to take advantage of freight rates and lower global prices," said Prem Gupta, a senior member of the Roller Flour Millers Association of India. "If international prices are lower, it becomes economical to import rather than get cargoes transported from the main production centres in central or northern parts of India."

    Read more at:

    The Globeandmail reports:

    In the fading days of India's last administration, it was easy to locate the country's top bureaucrats: They were usually down at the Delhi Golf Club in the heart of the capital, thwacking balls past the historic course's imposing Mughal-era tombs. Starting early in the morning, senior civil servants could sneak in a round before making the short journey from the course – which was founded during the British Raj – to nearby government offices in time for a mid-morning start.


    Video: India's growth projected to outpace China's

    India's President Pranab Mukherjee hosts 'At Home' ceremony for U.S. President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama, at the lawns of presidential palace. Rough Cut (no reporter narration).

    Video: Indian President hosts 'At Home' ceremony for Obamas

    U.S. President Barack Obama, left and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi pose for the media prior to their talks, in New Delhi, India, Sunday, Jan. 25, 2015. Seizing on their personal bond,Obama and Modi said Sunday they had made progress on nuclear cooperation and climate change, with Obama declaring a "breakthrough understanding" in efforts to free U.S. investment in nuclear energy development in India.

    Video: Obama reveals nuclear breakthrough on landmark India trip

    At the time, the Indian National Congress government was embroiled in several high-profile corruption scandals, and ordinary government business had essentially stopped. Bureaucrats and ministers sat on files, afraid to approve anything that might get them in trouble. India had gone from being the world's most promising emerging market to a dysfunctional mess.

    Last May, a frustrated, tired nation voted in droves for a regime change and a tough new prime minister: Narendra Modi.

    Nearly a year after he took power, tee time is officially over: Honorary golf-club memberships have been cancelled, government employees sign in on tablets that display their attendance on a public website, and newly enlivened bureaucrats are finally stamping files again. "The Delhi Golf Club is like a ghost town now," says Harjeet Bajaj, a Canadian businessman who manages various projects in India.

    Mr. Modi's election was nothing short of historic: The right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) he leads won the most decisive electoral majority in 25 years in this country of more than 1.2 billion people. His victory demolished the venerable Congress Party's hold on parliament, ending a long string of fragile coalition governments that had become paralyzed by corruption and constantly shifting political alliances.

    After a year in office, Mr. Modi has brought stability to the capital, optimism to the business community and momentum to foreign relations, with frequent trips abroad to foster renewed faith in his country – including a forthcoming one to Canada. Mr. Modi will arrive here for a three-day visit on Tuesday, during which he will meet Prime Minister Stephen Harper, financial leaders and Indo-Canadian groups. Among his specific goals: inking a major deal with Cameco Corp. to secure a steady source of uranium to meet India's growing nuclear-energy needs.

    Though he started his term with huge expectations, Mr. Modi has proved more cautious and incremental than many had expected. He's slowly repairing damage wreaked by previous governments' corruption, while avoiding big-ticket reforms and instead tinkering around the margins: lifting foreign-direct-investment restrictions here, slashing education and social spending there, and allotting new funds to select infrastructure projects. He has also launched an ambitious program to encourage global firms to manufacture their products in India – a scheme that may take years, but that his government hopes will bring millions of well-paying jobs to a country where the majority of people struggle as farmers, urban labourers or small-time shopkeepers.

    There are signs of progress: The country's GDP is predicted to rise to 7.5 per cent this year, after hovering around five per cent in the previous two years.

    But Mr. Modi's promises of sweeping economic development remain largely unrealized: Factories have not begun to spring up, and there are no gleaming new highways. Few expected instantaneous change, but even some who welcomed Mr. Modi's election see little evidence that he is making a difference. The stock market may be soaring, but India still ranks 142nd out of 189 countries in terms of ease of doing business. And although Mr. Modi has got the government moving again, India is a massive, complicated country. Many of its poorest have seen little improvement since his election.

    There are other concerns, as well. Those who feared the ardent Hindu nationalist would be unable to control his party's more radical elements cite a resurgence of religious prejudice, and sometimes religiously motivated violence. Others worry about increased restrictions on civil society, and inaction on social issues such as women's rights.

    To create the millions of jobs his nation desperately needs, Mr. Modi will need to implement deeper, structural reforms. He has had a year to settle in. Now, India wants real change.

    From chai stand to parliament

    Mr. Modi is the most polarizing mainstream politician in modern India. Unlike most of the nation's political class, he grew up poor, in the dusty town of Vadnagar in the rural state of Gujarat, selling tea from his father's chai stand near the local railway station. He eventually drifted into the radical Hindu nationalist Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), where he began working as one of the giant volunteer organization's propagandists, leaving behind the woman his parents had arranged for him to marry, and living an austere, solitary life, wandering for years as an ascetic in the Himalayas.

    The RSS, which feeds the now-ruling BJP with many of its top leaders, has long been associated with the violent, khaki-shorts-wearing foot soldiers of the Hindu nationalist – or Hindutva – movement. Mr. Modi, too, joined the BJP. He rose through the party's ranks, eventually becoming Gujarat's chief minister; as the state's leader, he served four consecutive terms, winning each election more decisively than the last.

    It was in his 12 years as chief minister that Mr. Modi shaped his reputation as a pro-business autocrat who ran a clean government. He simplified the approval process for new businesses and wooed companies to set up factories in Gujarat with cheap land, low-interest loans, and promises of reliable supplies of power and water. Bombardier and McCain have plants there, as does Ford. Famously, Ratan Tata decided to move a planned manufacturing plant for his new Tata Nano car from another state to Gujarat after he received a text message from Mr. Modi.

    His record in other areas is more troubling. Like others in the BJP, Mr. Modi was not afraid to use religious tensions to his political advantage: His state government resisted giving compensation and housing to survivors of Gujarat's infamous 2002 riots, in which more than 1,000 people, mainly Muslims, were killed in vicious religious violence. He once likened resettlement camps for displaced Muslims to baby-making factories.

    Mr. Modi was cleared – by a Supreme Court-monitored special investigation team – of complicity in the attacks, but some believe he can never be fully exculpated, citing his inaction as the riots unfolded: Police often stood by while people were killed, or helped abet the killing. In the years since, Mr. Modi has never apologized.

    An unfinished economic revolution

    People talk about India as an economic success story only because of reforms introduced in 1991, when the Congress government brought into being a dramatic liberalization process – one that makes Mr. Modi's efforts so far look timid by comparison. The government effectively dismantled the so-called Permit Raj of rigid licences, import approvals and other legacies of India's socialist postcolonial period. The reforms unleashed the country's talented business class, and growth soared. Indian universities now churn out a steady stream of brilliant software engineers, scientists and globally competitive business people.

    Over the next decade, many new businesses surged: call centres, back-office outsourcing, and eventually more advanced research industries in pharmaceuticals and technology in southern cities such as Bangalore and Hyderabad; as well as some manufacturing around cities such as Chennai – a car-making hub – and Gujarat's Ahmedabad, which both have access to ports. But it was an unfinished, and unequal, revolution. The services sector, which now accounts for half of India's GDP, employs a comparatively small segment of the country's vast population.

    India has the second-largest labour force in the world – about 500 million people – but roughly half of them work in the fields, on unproductive small plots of farmland that have been subdivided over generations. While the country has world-class institutes of technology and management, it also has an abysmal record of giving children a basic education, partly because of resistance from rural Indians, who want their children to work rather than go to school. Many businesses also complain that graduates from all but the elite colleges and universities have few usable skills, and can require up to six months of training before being ready for work.

    Which is why Mr. Modi is casting a much wider net in his quest for economic development – for example, by pushing for hundreds of millions of Indians to open bank accounts, so that the central government can transfer subsidies to them directly rather than through corrupted middlemen.

    Making things, to make jobs

    Between 1997 and 2011, India's economy grew on average at around 7 per cent a year. But even while the economy was surging and some sectors were on the upswing, there was no commensurate gain in the industrial-scale, export-oriented manufacturing that propelled China's masses out of poverty.

    There are several reasons for this. Outside of India's big cities, the roads are often flooded, potholed and gridlocked with bullock carts. Ports, railways and other infrastructure are in terrible shape, making it costly to move goods around the country: It is often cheaper to ship something from Mumbai to Africa than to ship it within India. Power cuts are a regular occurrence, contracts are essentially unenforceable, legal disputes can take several decades to wind through India's clogged court system, regulation has been unpredictable, corruption has been a problem at all levels of government, and acquiring land for new projects can take years.

    In contrast to the services industry, where companies can simply move into pre-existing real estate, industrial firms in particular can't easily purchase plants – and since they often require more land, equipment, power and other supplies than do businesses such as research labs, manufacturing has been particularly stunted. The World Bank ranks India 184th out of 189 nations in "dealing with construction permits"– making it literally one of the worst places in the world to build something.

    Changing this state of affairs is one of Mr. Modi's priorities. And it seems to be working. "The biggest change is hope," says Shailesh Pathak, executive director of the Bhartiya Group, an Indian conglomerate that spans fashion and real-estate. "Last year, the feeling was despair. This year, it is hope."

    Mr. Modi is making a concerted effort to improve India's manufacturing sector – acknowledging, in the process, that economic progress, without jobs, is not the way forward. "What we need is not just more production," he has said, "but mass production and production by masses."

    Inside a complex of cream-coloured government buildings in New Delhi, Amitabh Kant is a man besieged. It is 6:30 p.m. on March 31 – the last day of India's fiscal year – and a half-dozen people are waiting outside his office. He has to catch a flight to China, but the phone keeps ringing, and a staffer has just dumped three overflowing manila envelopes in front of Mr. Kant, who is secretary of India's department of industrial policy and promotion within the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. "I'll miss my flight if I don't clear these," he says, removing his glasses and rubbing his nose with his thumb and index finger. "I don't have time for a long Q&A."

    Mr. Kant is the man responsible for Mr. Modi's "Make in India" campaign, a high-profile initiative to convince the world's manufacturers to build their products on the subcontinent. It aims to boost manufacturing in 25 key sectors, from transportation, mining, electronics and chemicals to biotechnology, food processing and wellness. The campaign includes practical measures – the government recently revamped import duties on electronics, doubling the fees for finished devices, while cutting the duty on components to zero – but the biggest focus has been on outreach.

    In addition to that campaign, Mr. Modi has begun to dismantle the vestiges of more than 60 years of socialist state policies, selling off stakes in public companies, opening some sectors to foreign investment, and abolishing India's Planning Commission, a 500-person group that churned out Soviet-style five-year economic plans under successive Congress governments. He is now also embroiled in a political battle to significantly alter India's arduous land-acquisition policy. While Congress and other liberals see this as a corporate land grab, Mr. Modi and the BJP say they want to make it easier for businesses and government to buy land from farmers for factories, roads and other infrastructure projects.

    There are some indications that this emphasis on manufacturing is beginning to have an impact. The Canadian electronics company Datawind, for instance, which makes inexpensive smartphones and tablets for the Indian market, announced that it would relocate production from Chinese factories to India now that import duties have been changed. "This will shift manufacturing to India," says Suneet Singh Tuli, Datawind's chief executive officer, who has pledged to create roughly 1,000 new jobs in the country.

    Other global gadget makers are also said to be looking at opening factories. And the foreigners' registration office in New Delhi is full of Japanese nationals representing huge companies such as Sharp and Mitsubishi, seeking new countries in which to invest.

    Fomenting dissent

    Down a series of back alleyways off the main road – past butchers of beef and lamb, and motorcycles negotiating the narrow laneways with shrieking horn blasts – a school in a Muslim neighbourhood of Muzaffarnagar, in the poor northern state of Uttar Pradesh, sits beside a flowing canal of raw sewage. The city of about a half-million people is just a three-hour drive north of New Delhi. Nearby, children play cricket on a field of garbage. A clean hit sends the ball sailing into an open sewer. A boy runs over, picks it out with his bare hand, and throws it back to his friends.

    Shandar Ghufran, headmaster of the 600-student school and a community activist, points to a new elevated entranceway and a small brick wall with three concrete steps at the front door; they were recently built to prevent sewage from flowing into the school when it rains. Others in the predominantly Muslim neighbourhood are not so lucky: Their homes are flooded with filthy, disease-carrying water when the rains are heavy. Mr. Ghufran says that no Hindu student has ever applied to come here, and that Muslim students applying elsewhere in the city are regularly turned away.

    Since Mr. Modi's election victory, Mr. Ghufran says, already-simmering tensions in Muzaffarnagar have gotten worse. Urban-development funds, he says, seem to have stopped flowing to Muslim communities. Posters have gone up in alleyways imploring Hindu women to bear more children, playing on the Hindu right's constant refrain that Muslims have larger families. Other posters have gone up, too, reading "Long Live Nathuram Godse"– a reference to Mahatma Gandhi's assassin, a one-time member of the RSS, who shot India's pacifist icon for appeasing India's Muslims around the time of Partition. "The pressure is building," Mr. Ghufran says.

    Muslims have a long history in India, and the present population is enormous: about 180 million. But more than 80 per cent of Indians are Hindu; and so it doesn't hurt Mr. Modi politically to ignore Muslims or to inflame tensions. Conversely, making concessions to India's Muslim communities could result in a significant backlash from the BJP, the RSS and hardline Hindu volunteers and supporters.

    Muzaffarnagar and its surrounding villages exploded with anti-Muslim riots in 2013 – violence that led to more than 60 deaths and caused tens of thousands of Muslims to be displaced from their homes. It was one of the worst incidents of religious violence since the Gujarat riots of 2002.

    Amit Shah, president of the BJP and a close confidant of Mr. Modi, visited the city during the 2014 election campaign – and besought the area's Hindus to get revenge on local Muslims by voting for his party. Although Mr. Shah was subsequently censured by India's Election Commission, he remains close to the Prime Minister, even as Mr. Modi himself has toned down his own comments in recent years, after international condemnation of the Gujarat riots.

    Amir Khan, a 55-year-old Muslim cloth merchant who operates a roadside shop in Muzaffarnagar, says that since Mr. Modi took office he has seen his business drop by about 85 per cent. "I used to get a lot of [Hindu] Jat customers," he says. "Now, there are not many who come here. It started after the riots. But after the elections it got even worse."

    The Muslims who were driven from their homes in Muzaffarnagar have been left with little recourse. In early April, The Globe and Mail visited Uttar Pradesh's Shamli district, where a ragged, morose group was dismantling two large displacement camps after local officials had arrived that morning with bulldozers to evict them – two years after the riots, they still don't have a home.

    Riyahat Meerhasan, a wizened 60-year-old man with nine children, had his house destroyed in the riots and was piling bricks one by one into a horse-drawn cart. He and many others here say they are petrified of returning to their villages, where their homes and possessions were left behind. Says Mr. Meerhasan, "I don't know where I'm going to go now."

    None of these displaced villagers has received any compensation from either the state or central government. Human Rights Watch has demanded that authorities stop the forced evictions, properly investigate the violence and provide aid. But the only relief seems to have come from a nearby Muslim farmer, Haji Dilshad, who donated his land to build permanent dwellings with funding from the Al Falah trust in the United Kingdom. But even he faced hurdles: The local government tried to prevent him from building the structures on his land, he says, because a permanent refugee community of concrete homes would be proof of how widespread the displacement actually was.

    Out here, Mr. Modi's India is not changing: It remains as polarized, poor and underdeveloped as ever.

    The riots were rooted in the movement that fuelled Mr. Modi's rise, but none of the displaced Muslims I spoke with expressed any anger at their new prime minister. They simply wanted to send him a message as he makes another of his frequent trips abroad. "He has all the power. He controls the government. If he wants to, he could help us. He could put a roof over our heads. That's my request," says Saddam, who did odd jobs in local villages before he fled to the camp. "I hope you will communicate our plight to the Modi government as he visits Canada."

    Christians in the crosshairs

    In addition to Muslim communities, India's Christians – who make up 2.3 per cent of the population – have also felt besieged under Mr. Modi. In New Delhi late last year, there were a number of attacks on churches. In February, several men forced their way into a convent and school in West Bengal and over the course of two hours raped a nun and desecrated the chapel.

    Just last week, the discrimination even hit a Supreme Court judge – Kurian Joseph, a Christian – who was reprimanded by the Chief Justice after refusing to attend a judicial conference, that included a meeting with the Prime Minister, because it took place over Easter Weekend. Mr. Joseph, alluding to the fact that such events would never be held on Hindu holidays, penned a letter to Mr. Modi, asking him, as "the guardian of Indian secularism," to "benevolently show equal importance and respect to the sacred days of all religions."

    In December, one Bharatiya Janata Party MP suggested that the nation celebrate "Good Governance Day" on Dec. 25 in honour of former BJP Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's birthday – another obvious offence.

    John Dayal, the secretary-general of the All India Christian Council, says that while Hindu nationalists tend to view Indian Muslims as potential secret agents for Pakistan, they also worry that Christians are secretly trying to convert the more than 167 million lower-caste Dalits (formerly known as Untouchables), as well as indigenous, or so-called tribal, people in remote areas, to Christianity.

    In early February, while protesting the government's silence over the issue, Mr. Dayal and dozens of other Christian activists and nuns were detained by police. "We've always had a base level of violence against Christian and Muslim communities under different governments," Mr. Dayal says. "The RSS, when another party is in power, is more surreptitious. But when their own government is in power, they become fearless."

    The end of the honeymoon

    In February, Mr. Modi's long victory streak finally ended. After winning elections repeatedly since the early 2000s – in Gujarat as chief minister, in the national elections of 2014, and then with several party triumphs in state-level elections, Mr. Modi's surge came to a spectacular halt in state elections in New Delhi. Despite campaigning personally, Mr. Modi's BJP was defeated by the Aam Aadmi (Common Man) Party, which grew out of India's recent anti-corruption movement and promised cheap or free water and electricity. Of Delhi's 70 seats, AAP won 67 – just nine months after being routed by the BJP in the national elections.

    Mr. Modi's critics saw this as a clear sign of dissatisfaction with India's direction under the BJP leader, while supporters downplayed the loss, saying the BJP was punished for refusing to promise economically unsustainable government services. Either way, the loss was a high-profile setback for Mr. Modi and his party.

    This has been compounded by other public stumbles. When U.S. President Barack Obama visited India in January, Mr. Modi greeted him in a suit with pinstripes made up of his name – Narendra Damodardas Modi – repeated over and over again. It was widely mocked as politically tone deaf.

    More seriously, Mr. Modi has been criticized for being slow to address a mounting agricultural crisis. Heavy rains have destroyed many winter crops in northern India's fertile plains, and there have been suicides as the government failed to step in and compensate farmers. In rural Uttar Pradesh, standing at the edge of a flooded field, an 80-year-old Muslim labourer named Wazir, who has worked on the farm all his life, offers a grim verdict on Mr. Modi's first year in power: "He looks out for the industrialists only. He has done nothing so far."

    On a narrow patio off the laneway office of the Centre for Equity Studies in south Delhi, Harsh Mander is enjoying the mild spring weather as a woman pulls down laundry from an adjacent rooftop. A social activist who resigned from the Indian civil service over the Gujarat riots, he has just eyed proofs for his new book on inequality and indifference in India – a book in which Mr. Modi appears multiple times.

    To Mr. Mander and other social activists, Mr. Modi's promises of development ring hollow. "There's nothing in the growth model that actually provides jobs. That is going to be the Achilles heel of this government," Mr. Mander says. "For a big percentage of people, life is as hopeless as it ever was."

    He's not the only one who is skeptical. Many of India's liberals and intellectuals, who are living through dark days after Congress's defeat, remain broadly disillusioned with Mr. Modi's plan.

    Saumitra Chaudhuri, a former member of India's Planning Commission and an economic adviser to the last prime minister, says Mr. Modi has struggled because of his new government's inexperience. And he agrees with critics such as Mr. Mander that the Prime Minister is promising something that he never delivered in Gujarat: jobs. "There are no labour-intensive industries in Gujarat," Mr. Chaudhuri says over a whisky and soda at the India International Centre, a cultural hub in Delhi. "He just wants industry. But not jobs."

    Activists also worry that, under Mr. Modi, civil society is getting squeezed. The government is giving extra scrutiny to foreign-funded environmental NGOs, such as Greenpeace, which it blames for stalled development projects. And just a few days ago, the Prime Minister made controversial remarks about "five-star activists" clogging up the judicial system, adding to the ominous sense that Mr. Modi's India may be becoming less tolerant of vibrant democratic debate.

    Recently, the government also banned the documentary India's Daughter, by a British director, about a prominent New Delhi rape case, despite Mr. Modi's strident rhetoric about protecting Indian women. Charu, a medical student who only felt comfortable providing her first name to a journalist, says Mr. Modi does not back up his talk with action and has only paid "lip service" to women's safety in India. "I don't feel like Modi has done anything, he is talking only," she says. "It's not safe."

    To Sunayana Walia, a women's rights activist from Gujarat, these developments are all too familiar. When her work brought her into contact with Muslim survivors of the Gujarat riots, her organization – SEWA, the Self-Employed Women's Association – found a project's funding abruptly cut off. And a national program through which NGOs helped run crisis centres for women was recently shut down, she says. "This stuff was already happening in Gujarat, but now one sees glimpses at the national level," she says. "It's making people very nervous."

    What next?

    Although Mr. Modi has a majority in India's lower house, or Lok Sabha, this does not enable him to implement a truly ambitious agenda. Under India's bicameral system, he also needs to win state-level elections, because it is possession of those state legislatures that gives parties advantage in the upper house, the Rajya Sabha.

    The BJP is currently outnumbered in the upper house, which means that Mr. Modi's big-ticket reforms could stall unless he is permitted to call a rare joint session of the two houses – or he wins more state elections.

    And that's important, because it is at the state level that businesses run into the most frustrations. Dinesh Singhal, who runs a big industrial business in the city of Meerut, applied one year ago to the state government of Uttar Pradesh to get permission to expand his plant. "I would have had to give a big bribe, which I am not giving, then I would get approved," says Mr. Singhal, the CEO of Kanohar Electricals, as the power goes out in his office. "The states are not serious. They take money and eat it up. They are not concerned about manufacturing or jobs."

    For the Prime Minister, says Ambarish Datta, the CEO of the BSE Institute, a training arm of the Bombay Stock Exchange, the real work of his five-year term begins now. "Sentiment is good. Investor inflows are high. But people now want to see action on the field," he says. "The last year is doling out freebies and basically preparing for another election. And the first year is settling in."

    "It's a little like cricket," he adds. "The real action is in the middle."

    Shilan Shah, an India economist with the London-based research firm Capital Economics Ltd., says that Mr. Modi has made some progress on easing regulations and opening up some sectors – such as defence, insurance, and railways – to foreign investment, but that he has underwhelmed the market on the "really big-bang reforms."

    He has not opened up the much larger financial and retail sectors to foreign competition – with retail, in particular, being politically sensitive in a nation with so many grocers and hawkers.

    Another key area in need of reform: labour-market regulation, which is governed by a complicated system of roughly 200 laws at both the national and state levels. These prevent large-scale manufacturing, by making it necessary for firms with more than 100 employees to seek government approval for firing people. As a result, companies resort to hiring off the books. "The upshot to all of this is that the economy should slowly recover over the next few years," Mr. Shah says. "But growth will probably fall short of India's immense potential."

    Vinod Sawhny, a prominent business executive in Mumbai, sees many of the current political difficulties as an extension of the sheer magnitude of Mr. Modi's task: trying to wrench India out of an economy – and a political system – that still treats, and seeks to preserve, India as a nation of farmers and villages. Taking full advantage of the country's demographic dividend – every second Indian is below the age of 25 – and turning the country into a manufacturing– and service-based economy is going to require a "a huge mindset change," he says. Not to mention more than just one year.

    "We have a golden opportunity," Mr. Sawhny says. "The next 24 months will determine whether a new India takes shape. It will be an absolute lost opportunity if we don't prove it. The time is now."

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    मुक्तबाजारी हिंदू साम्राज्यवादियों के शिकंजे में बाबासाहेब

    उनकी रिहाई के लिए संघपरिवार और कांग्रेस की तर्ज पर अंबेडकर जयंती न मनाकर उनकी विचारधारा,उनेक जाति उन्मूलन एजंडा और उनके आंदोलन की जयंती मनायें

    पलाश विश्वास

    मुक्तबाजारी हिंदू साम्राज्यवादियों के शिकंजे मे बाबासाहेब।

    उनकी रिहाई के लिए संघपरिवार और कांग्रेस की तर्ज पर अंबेडकर जयंती न मनाकर उनकी विचारधारा,उनेक जाति उन्मूलन एजंडा और उनके आंदोलन की जयंती मनायें।

    हम ऐसा ही कर रहे हैं और देशभर के अपने साथियों से इसीतरह बाबासाहेब की विचारधारा की जयंती मनाने की अपील कर रहे हैं।

    मध्य कोलकाता में राइटर्स बिल्डिंग के पीछे इंडियन चैंबर्स परिसर में बैक आफ इंडिया के सभागार में मंगलवार को विशिष्ट चिंतक लेखक अध्यापक आनंद तेलतुंबड़े विस्तार से अंबेडकर विचारधारा और आंदोलन के बारे में कोलकाता के बैंक कर्मचारियों को बतायेंगे और उनके सवालों का जवाब देंगे।

    इस मौके पर कर्नल बर्वे साहेब भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था के मौजूदा हाल पर विजुअल प्रेजेंटेशन रखेंगे तो मुझे भी बैंकिंग सेक्टर की हालिया चुनौतियों का खुलासा करना है।इस संवाद में सबको आमंत्रण है।

    आपको बता दें कि सिर्फ अनुसूचित कर्मचारी कल्याण संगठनों के लिए भारत सरकार ने अंबेडकर जयंती के लिए सौ करोड़ रुपये मंजूर किये हैं।

    संघ परिवार धूमधाम से अंबेडकर जयंती मना रहा है भारी भरकम सरकारी भव्यआयोजनों के अलावा तो हिंदुत्व के मौलिक झंडेवरदार कांग्रेस भी पीछे नहीं है।कारपोरेट घराने भी बढञचढञकर अंबेडकर जयंती मना रहे हैं।

    यह समझने वाली बात है कि मनुस्मृति और जाति व्यवस्था के नस्ली रंगभेद के खिलाफ,हिंदू साम्राज्यवाद के किलाफ बाबासाहेब जो लड़ते रहे,और मनुस्मृति आधारित हिंदुत्व का परित्याग करने के लिए उनने जो हिंदू धर्म का परित्याग करके बौद्धधर्म की दीक्षा ली,तो उन्ही हिंदुत्व के,हिंदू  साम्राज्यवाद के सबसे बड़े शत्रु का जन्मदिन को किसी पुण्यपर्व की तरह क्यों मना रहा है संघ परिवार और उसका असली मकसद क्या है।

    समझने वाली बात यह है कि बाबासाहेब को ईश्वर बनाकर भारत में समरसता अभियान के तहत,घरवापसी के जबरन धर्मांतरण अभियाने के तहत,आक्रामक मुक्तबाजारी जायनी फासीवाद के तहत संघ परिवार के हिंदू राष्ट्र एजंडा में बाबासाहेब की प्रासंगिकता क्या है।

    क्या संघ परिवार भारत को बौद्धमय बनाने के पंचशील खत्म पंचामृत चालू अभियान के तहत यह करतब कर रहा है या नहीं,यह भी समझने वाली बात है।

    यह भी गौर करने वाली बात है कि संघ परिवार नस्ली भेदभाव आधारित मनुस्मृति राजकाज के वर्णवर्चस्वी तंत्र मंत्र यंत्र को बहाल रखते हुए किस समता और सामाजिक न्याय के लिए आजादी के सात दशक बाद बाबासाहेब की शरण में हैं।

    संघ परिवार वीर सावरकर की शरण में है और गांधी हत्यारा गोडसे को ईश्वर बना रहा है,तो अंबेडकर को ईश्वर बनाकर बारत के बहुजनों का वह क्याभला करने वाला है,इस पर भी गौर करें।

    समझने वाली बात है कि बाबासाहेब के बनाये सारे के सारे श्रम कानून खत्म करने वाली,बाबासाहेब की वजह से बने रिजर्व बैक आफ इंडिया के निजीकरण के सिलसिले में उसके सारे अधिकार सेबी को सौंपने वाली,बाबासाहेब के भूमि सुधार कीमांग के विपरीत अध्यादेशों के सहारे देश की सारी जमीन कारपोरेटघरानों को सौंप देने वाली,बाबासाहेब के राष्ट्रीय संसाधनों के राष्ट्रीकरण के विपरीत संपूर्ण निजीकरण,संपूर्ण विनिवेश की जनसंहारी नीतियां अपनाने वाली और बाबासाहेब के बहुजनों,अल्पसंख्यकों,महिलाओं और कर्मचारियों शर्मिकों के दिये संवैधानिक रक्षाकवच के साथ साथ भारतीय संविधान को ही सिरे से खत्म करनेवाली भारत सरकार अंबेडकर जयंती उत्सव क्यों मना रही है।

    फिर इस बिजनेस फ्रेंडली देश बेचो,सोने की चिड़िया मारो सरकार के इस आयोजन में कारपोरेट घराने क्यों बढ़ चढ़कर हिस्सा ले रही है।

    गनीमत है कि आधिकारिक तौर पर बाबासाहेब को हिंदुत्ववादियों ने अभी विष्णु का अवतार घोषित नहीं किया है।गौतम बुद्ध को जैसे उनने किया है।

    बाबासाहेब के अनुयायी बाबासाहेब को बोधिसत्व बताकर उनकी पूजा आराधना के कर्मकांड में निष्णात हैं तो बाबासाहेब को अवतार साबित करने में कोई ज्यादा तकलीफ नहीं उठानी पड़ेगी हिंदुत्ववादियों को।

    अंबेडकर मंदिर अभी नहीं बने हैं वीर सावरकर और गांधी हत्यारे गोडसे की तरह,लेकिन नरेंद्र मोदी को प्रधानमंत्री बनाकर समूचे बहुजन समाज को जैसे हिंदुत्व की पैदल सेना में तब्दील कर दिया है,उस कामयाबी के मद्देनजर संघ परिवार के इस समरसता अभियान का समामाजिक आशय को समझा जा सकता है।राजनीतिक वोट बैंक समीकरण तो साफ है और उसे समझाने की जरुरत भी नहीं है।

    जाहिर सी बात है कि हिंदू सम्राज्यवाद के शिकंजे में हैं बहुजनों के एकच मसीहा,उनकी रिहाई के लिए संघ परिवार और कांग्रेस की तर्ज पर अंबेडकर जयंती न मनाकर उनकी विचारधारा,उनेक जाति उन्मूलन एजंडा और उनके आंदोलन की जयंती मनायें।

    हालात ये हैं कि हिंदू महासभा की राष्ट्रीय उपाध्यक्ष साध्वी देवा ठाकुर ने कहा कि मुसलमानों और ईसाइयों की बढ़ती जनसंख्या को देखते हुए इस समुदाय के लोगों की नसबंदी करानी होगी..

    भारतवर्ष की कृषि प्रधान अर्थव्यवस्था में जनसंख्या को मानव संसाधन माना जाता रहा है।बाल मृत्युदर अनियंत्रित होने की वजह से खेती पर काम करने वाले हाथों की संख्या बढ़ने की गरज भारतीय बहुजनों,जिसमें अल्पसंख्यक भी हैं,के लिए बच्चे पैदा करने की मौलिक वजह रही है,जो लोक परंपराओं के साथ साथ धार्मिक आस्थाओं से पुष्ट होती रही है।

    हमारी दादी बच्चों को लाठी कहा करती थीं।मतलब यह है कि खेत के दखल के लिए लाठियां बहुत निर्णायक हैं।कहावत भी है कि जिसकी लाठी उसकी भैंस।

    उत्पादन प्रणाली के सिरे से बदल जाने और कृषि आजीविका के ही गैर प्रासंगिक हो जाने से जनसंख्या वृद्धि एक बड़ी समस्या बन गयी है।

    इस समस्या की आड़ में ग्लोबल जायनी व्यवस्था बाकायदा गैर नस्ली लोगों की जनसंख्या के सफाये में लगी है।भारत में इंदिरा गांधी ने आपातकाल के दौरान अनिवार्य नसबंदी से हिंदुत्व के पुनरूत्थान के पहले चरण में आर्थिक सुधारों के नवउदारवादी बहुजनविरोधी नस्ली नरसंहार अश्वमेध से पहले इसे शुरु किया था और अब लगता है कि संघ परिवार का हिंदुत्व ब्रिगेड और उसका कारोबारी राजकाज इसे अंजाम देने वाला है।

    जैसे घर वापसी का असली मकसद हिंदुत्व के शिकंजे से छिटकर निकले बहुजनों के फिर हिंदुत्व की नर्क में कैद करना है,विधर्मियों के खिलाफ जिहाद के बतौर।वैसे ही विधर्मियों की नसबंदी दरअसल बहुजनों की अनिवार्य नसबंदी का कार्यक्रम है।

    हम आगे इस सिलसले में संवाद जारी रखेंगे।

    फिलहाल फिर दोहराता हूंः

    मुक्तबाजारी हिंदू साम्राज्यवादियों के शिकंजे मे बाबासाहेब।

    उनकी रिहाई के लिए संघपरिवार और कांग्रेस की तर्ज पर अंबेडकर जयंती न मनाकर उनकी विचारधारा,उनेक जाति उन्मूलन एजंडा और उनके आंदोलन की जयंती मनायें।

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    War Widows have the justice at last!

    Muhammad Kamaruzzaman executed for war crimes in Bangladesh.

    In India,War criminals remain the rulers and Justice denied for ever.

    Palash Biswas

    Bangladesh braced for protests and fresh violence as Bangladesh authorities on Saturday hanged a top Islamist leader,the infamous Sohagpur Killer for overseeing a massacre during the nation's 1971 independence war against Pakistan.Bangladesh was today put on alert fearing a possible backlash to the execution of top Jamaat-e- Islami leader Muhammad Kamaruzzaman for 1971 war crimes as thousands of people took to streets to applaud the move, amid fundamentalists' call for resistance.

    Muhammad Kamaruzzaman has been executed at 10.30pm Bangladesh time (1630 GMT).Thus,Bangladesh executed a senior Islamist politician who was convicted of committing crimes against humanity during the country's war of independence more than 40 years ago. Muhammad Kamaruzzaman, 62 years old, was hanged ..

    Kamaruzzaman was found guilty in May 2013 of crimes against humanity by Bangladesh's International Crimes Tribunal, a body set up by the ruling Awami League party in 2009 to investigate and prosecute crimes committed during the 1971 war.

    Bangladesh Prime minister Mujib Kanya Begam Hasina Wajed faces the imminent threat for coup anytime.Every Bangladeshi secular and democratic face from anywhere has been included in the killing least.But Hasina has the political will which we miss in India since independence as the rule of law is still absent for almost seven decades.However,the victims of riots,Babri demolition,Sikh Genocide, Bhopal Gas Tragedies, Bihar killings,Gujarat Genocide,Marichjhapi have to have consolation to see that the war criminals are being hanged across the border.

    Mind you,the initial trials that followed Bangladesh's independence four decades ago were halted after the assassination of Rahman, the then president, and most of his family members in a 1975 military coup. His daughter Hasina revived the process with the steelmade political will to ensure justice for the victims.

    Dhaka Metropolitan Police Commissioner Asaduzzaman Mia confirmed the 65-year-old was executed at Dhaka Central Jail at 10:01pm on Saturday.

    People gathered at Shahbagh intersection burst into celebrations at the execution, shouting slogans and saying justice has finally been delivered.Kamaruzzaman's relatives at his ancestral home at Kumri Bajitkhila in Sherpur district's Sadar Upazila are prepared for his burial.

    It should be noted that Political unrest and illiberal democratic environment in the country have dented private sector investment in recent months, said Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) yesterday.But Hasia did not care.She did not allow international intervention at the same time.The think-tank said sluggish reform activities, especially the institutional ones, have also hurt the confidence of the investors.

    Death row war criminal Muhammad Kamaruzzaman opted not to seek presidential clemency, state minister for home said."The Dhaka jail authorities asked him several times whether he would seek mercy from the president, and he replied in the negative," Asaduzzaman Khan Kamal told The Daily Star.The revelation came hours after authorities of the Dhaka Central Jail, where the Jamaat-e-Islami assistant secretary general was kept, asked his family to meet him in the jail.With Kamaruzzaman's decision not to seek clemency, the last hurdle for the authorities to execute his death sentence – awarded for his crimes against humanity committed during Bangladesh's Liberation War in 1971 – was gone.

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    इजहार की हत्या में खुफिया विभाग की भूमिका पर उठ रहे सवालों को दबाने के
    लिए हाशिम उज्मा को पकड़ा गया- रिहाई मंच
    हाशिम उज्मा को अगवा करने वाले गुजरात एटीएस के खिलाफ सपा सरकार दर्ज
    कराए अपहरण का मुकदमा
    यशस्वी यादव का एसएसपी पद पर बने रहना शहर के साम्प्रदायिक सौहार्द के लिए खतरनाक

    लखनऊ 11 अप्रेल 2015। रिहाई मंच ने इजहार का साथी बताकर पकड़े गए हाशिम
    उज्मा की गिरफ्तारी को अवैध बताते हुए कहा कि उसे अपहरणकर्ताओं की तरह
    उठा ले जाने वाले गुजरात एटीएस के अधिकारियों के खिलाफ प्रदेश सरकार को
    अपहरण का मुकदमा दर्ज कराना चाहिए। संगठन ने आरोप लगाया है कि हाशिम की
    गिरफ्तारी इजहार और चार अन्य आतंकवाद के आरोपियों की तेलंगाना में की गई
    फर्जी मुठभेड़ में हत्या पर उठ रहे सवालों को भटकाने के लिए खुफिया
    एजेंसियां ने किया है।

    रिहाई मंच के अध्यक्ष मोहम्मद शुऐब ने जारी बयान में कहा कि हाशिम को
    उसके घर के बाहर से गुजरात एटीएस के सफेदपोश लोगों ने उठाया जिनके साथ
    स्थानीय पुलिस का भी कोई अधिकारी नहीं था जो विधि विरूद्ध है। उन्होंने
    कहा कि दूसरे राज्य की पुलिस द्वारा किसी की गिरफ्तारी के समय स्थानीय
    पुलिस की मौजूदगी जरूरी होती है लेकिन इस मामले में ऐसा नहीं किया गया।
    वहीं हाशिम के परिवार को उसके खिलाफ आरेस्ट वारंट भी नहीं दिखाया गया जो
    पूरे मामले को अपहरण का केस बना देता है। जिस पर उत्तर प्रदेश पुलिस
    द्वारा अपहरण का मुकदमा जर्द न किया जाना साबित करता है कि विधान सभा
    चुनावों में आतंकवाद के आरोप में बंद बेगुनाह मुस्लिम युवकों को छोड़ने
    का वादा नहीं निभाने वाली सपा सरकार ने अब मुसलमानों को आतंकवाद के फर्जी
    मुकदमों में फंसाने के लिए बदनाम गुजरात पुलिस को अपने यहां से मुसलमान
    नौजवानों को अगवा कर ले जाने और फंसाने की खुली छूट दे दिया है। उन्होंने
    कहा कि इस पूरे मामले में एसएसपी यशस्वी यादव की निराधार बयायनबाजी भी
    उन्हें इस वृहद नाटक का हिस्सा बना देती है जिसकी जांच कराई जानी चाहिए
    क्योंकि वे लगातार मीडिया के जरिए शहर में सिमी के कथित नेटवर्क की अफवाह
    फैलाकर मुसलमानों में असुरक्षा पैदा कर रहे हैं।

    मोहम्मद शुएब ने कहा कि पिछले दस दिन में ऐसा माहौल बना दिया गया है जैसे
    लगता है कि राजधानी पुलिस मुसलमानों को फंसाने के लिए बदनाम किसी डीजी
    वंजारा के अधीन काम कर रही है जो लूट और डकैती तक को सिमी से जोड़ कर
    मुसलमानों के खिलाफ बहुसंख्यक समाज को खड़ा करने पर तुली है। उन्होंने
    यशस्वी यादव को शहर के साम्प्रदायिक सौहार्द को बचाए रखने के लिए तत्काल
    निलंबित करने की मांग को दोहराते हुए कहा कि पुलिस विभाग के आला
    अधिकारियों द्वारा एटीएम लूट कांड पर यशस्वी यादव द्वारा सिमी एंगल दिए
    जाने की सार्वजनिक निंदा करने के बावजूद उनका पद पर बने रहना साबित करता
    है कि वे सपा मुखिया मुलायम सिंह यादव के कुनबे से अपनी नजदीकी के कारण
    ही न सिर्फ पद पर बने हुए हैं बल्कि उनके इशारे पर ही डकैती की घटना को
    भी साम्प्रदायिक रंग दे रहे हैं।

    रिहाई मंच नेता अनिल यादव ने कहा कि हाशिम की गिरफ्तारी की वजह पुलिस
    उसके खिलाफ 2007 में अहमदाबाद में मुकदमा होना और गैरजमानती वारंट होना
    बता रही है। जिस पर विश्वास इसलिए नहीं किया जा सकता कि उसे कभी भी इस
    मामले में कोर्ट से कोई भी समन नहीं मिला था और उससे कभी भी इस मुकदमें
    के लिए गुजरात पुलिस ने सम्पर्क नहीं किया था। उन्होंने पूछा कि अगर
    हाशिम के खिलाफ कोई मुकदमा था तो फिर उसके सार्वजनिक जीवन में होने के
    बावजूद उसे गुजरात पुलिस ने क्यांे नहीं पकड़ा, क्या गुजरात पुलिस उसके
    कथित साथी इजहार की हत्या का इंतजार कर रही थी कि उसे मारने के बाद ही
    हाशिम को पकड़ेगी? रिहाई मंच नेता ने कहा कि इन सवालों की कडि़यों को
    जोड़ने से यह साफ हो जाता है कि हाशिम की अवैध गिरफ्तारी इजहार की
    हिरासती हत्या को जायज ठहराने के लिए की गई है और यह पूरा नाटक खुफिया
    विभाग संचालित कर रहा है।

    उन्होंने कहा कि गुजरात पुलिस और खुफिया विभाग द्वारा लगातर मीडिया के
    जरिए हाशिम के खिलाफ निराधार खबरें फैलाना उसकी अवैध गिरफ्तारी पर उठ रहे
    सवालों को दबाने की कोशिश है जिसमें वह कुछ अखबारों का सहारा ले रही है
    जो बिना किसी न्यायपालिका के फैसले के ही इजहार और हाशिम को आतंकी बता कर
    उसका मीडिया ट्रायल कर रही हैं। ताकि उसकी छवि एक खूंखार आतंकी की बनाई
    जा सके और उनका परिवार अलग-थलग पड़ जाए। जो खुफिया विभाग की पुरानी
    आपराधिक कार्यशैली रही है।

    रिहाई मंच नेता ने कहा कि मीडिया को आतंकवाद के आरोप में निर्दोषों को
    फंसाने के लिए बदनाम हो चुकी खुफिया विभाग की साम्प्रदायिक राजनीति का
    शिकार होने से बचते हुए अपनी पेशेवर मूल्यों से समझौता नहीं करना चाहिए।

    द्वारा जारी
    शाहनवाज आलम
    प्रवक्ता, रिहाई मंच

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