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This is my Real Life Story: Troubled Galaxy Destroyed Dreams. It is hightime that I should share my life with you all. So that something may be done to save this Galaxy. Please write to: bangasanskriti.sahityasammilani@gmail.comThis Blog is all about Black Untouchables,Indigenous, Aboriginal People worldwide, Refugees, Persecuted nationalities, Minorities and golbal RESISTANCE.

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    প্রাপ্ত তথ্যানুযায়ী, তেলবাহী এই ট্যাংকারডুবির কারণে চরম হুমকিতে পড়েছে প্রায় ৩৭৫ প্রজাতির বন্য ও পানিজ প্রাণী। এর মধ্যে ৩২ প্রজাতির স্তন্যপায়ী, ৩৫ প্রজাতির সরীসৃপ, ৩০০ প্রজাতির পাখি এবং ৮ প্রজাতির উভচর প্রাণী রয়েছে। এছাড়া ৩৩৪ প্রজাতির গাছগাছালি, ১৬৫ প্রজাতির শৈবাল এবং ১৩ প্রজাতির অর্কিডও পড়েছে একই ধরনের হুমকিতে। কারণ ম্যানগ্রোভ বনের এসব উদ্ভিদ শ্বাসমূল দিয়ে অক্সিজেন গ্রহণ করে থাকে। ডুবে যাওয়া ট্যাংকার থেকে ফার্নেস অয়েল দ্রবীভূত হওয়ায় ওই এলাকার পানিতে অক্সিজেনের পরিমাণ কমে গেছে। বিশেষজ্ঞরা বলছেন, পানিতে অক্সিজেনের পরিমাণ কমে যাওয়ার কারণে এসব উদ্ভিদ স্বাভাবিক শ্বাস-প্রশ্বাস নিতে পারছে না। এজন্য সুন্দরবনের ওই এলাকায় ভয়াবহ বিপর্যয় নেমে আসতে পারে বলে আশঙ্কা করা হচ্ছে।
    উল্লেখ্য, আন্তর্জাতিক নিয়ম অনুযায়ী সুন্দরবনের ভেতর দিয়ে বাণিজ্যিক নৌযান চলাচল নিষিদ্ধ। দেশের বণ্যপ্রাণী সংরক্ষণ আইন এবং পরিবেশ সংরক্ষণ আইন অনুযায়ী সেখানে এভাবে নৌযান চলাচল করতে পারে না। ২০১১ সালে সব কিছুকে উপেক্ষা করে সরকারের নৌপরিবহন অধিদফতর সেখানে নৌপথ চালু করে দিয়েছে। শুরুতে অল্প কিছু জাহাজ চলাচল করলেও এখন প্রতিদিন ২৫০টি পর্যন্ত জাহাজ চলাচল করছে এ রুটে। অথচ সুন্দরবনে মংলা থেকে বঙ্গোপসাগর পর্যন্ত ১২০ কিলোমিটার এলাকায় আট প্রজাতির ডলফিনের বিচরণ। ওয়াইল্ড লাইফ কনজারভেশন সোসাইটির জরিপ অনুযায়ী সবচেয়ে অল্প পানিজ ভূমির মধ্যে বেশি প্রজাতির ডলফিন বিচরণ এলাকা এটি। রয়েল বেঙ্গল টাইগারসহ ১৫ প্রজাতির প্রাণী এ এলাকায় বিচরণ করে থাকে। এখন এসব প্রাণী বিলুপ্ত হওয়ার আশঙ্কার মধ্যে রয়েছে। উল্লেখিত দুর্ঘটনাস্থল মংলা বন্দরের জেটি থেকে ৯ নটিক্যাল মাইল দূরে। দুর্ঘটনার কয়েক ঘণ্টার মধ্যেই সুন্দরবনের ২০ কিলোমিটার এলাকায় জ্বালানি তেল ছড়িয়ে পড়েছে। এর আগেও দুটি বাণিজ্যিক জাহাজের দুর্ঘটনা ঘটেছিল সুন্দরবনে। গত ৩০ সেপ্টেম্বর-২০১৪ ঈসায়ী তারিখে ৬০০ মেট্রিক টন সিমেন্টের কাঁচামাল নিয়ে একটি জাহাজ পশুর চ্যানেল এলাকায় ডুবেছে। ১২ সেপ্টেম্বর-২০১৪ ঈসায়ী তারিখে অন্য একটি জাহাজ একই ধরনের পণ্য নিয়ে ওই পয়েন্টে ডুবে যায়। অথচ বাণিজ্যিক পণ্য পরিবহনের জন্য ভিন্ন একটি রুট রয়েছে। সেটি সংস্কার করে সে পথে পণ্য চলাচল করার সুযোগ রয়েছে। মারাত্মক অবহেলার কারণে সুন্দরবনের প্রাকৃতিক পরিবেশের বিপর্যয় ঘটিয়ে বনের বুক চিরে অবাধে বাণিজ্যিক জাহাজ চলাচল করছে।
    আশ্চর্যের বিষয় হলো, দুর্ঘটনার পর ১২ ঘণ্টা পার হয়ে যাওয়ার পর বাংলাদেশ অভ্যন্তরীণ নৌপরিবহন কর্তৃপক্ষের চেয়ারম্যান ঘটনা জানতে পারেন। এবং সে পর্যন্ত জাহাজ উদ্ধার ও তেল অপসারণের কোনো উদ্যোগও নেয়া হয়নি। বিভিন্ন প্রক্রিয়ার পর ৪৮ ঘণ্টা পর চট্টগ্রাম থেকে উদ্ধারকারী জাহাজ রওয়ানা দেয়। ততক্ষণে সম্পূর্ণ বেসরকারি উদ্যোগে দেশীয় পদ্ধতিতে জাহাজমালিক স্থানীয়দের সহায়তায় জাহাজ উদ্ধার করে ফেলে। অথচ সরকারি কর্তৃপক্ষ থাকলো পুরো উদাসীন। অর্থাৎ এ ঘটনার বিপর্যয়ের দিকটি বোঝার সক্ষমতাও অভ্যন্তরীণ নৌপরিবহন কর্তৃপক্ষের নেই। এ দুর্ঘটনার পর জানা গেল, বাংলাদেশে কোনো অয়েল সুইপার নৌযান নেই। প্রশ্ন উঠে- এরা কি এদেশের হিতাকাঙ্খী, নাকি ভারত হিতৈষি এবং এদেশের বিরুদ্ধে ষড়যন্ত্রকারী।
    বিশ্ববাসী বাংলাদেশকে চেনে বেঙ্গল টাইগার দিয়ে। বিপন্ন প্রজাতির সেই বাঘের বংশ ধ্বংসের নতুন এই উপদ্রব শুরু করেছে নৌপরিবহন অধিদপ্তর। এদের স্বেচ্ছাচারিতা বন্ধ না করলে সুন্দরবন বাঁচবে না। এদিক থেকে ইউনেস্কো অনেকবার চিঠি দিয়েছে বাংলাদেশকে। এরকম হলে সুন্দরবনকে আর বিশ্ব ঐতিহ্যের জায়গায় আর দেখা নাও যেতে পারে।
    বিশেষজ্ঞদের মতে, সারাবিশ্বে তেল পরিবহনের কাজটি করা হয় বিশেষ নিরাপত্তা ব্যবস্থা মাথায় রেখে। কারণ এ জাতীয় দুর্ঘটনা শুধু সম্পদেরই ক্ষতি করে না, পরিবেশ ও জীববৈচিত্র্যেরও অপূরণীয় ক্ষতি করে থাকে। অথচ আমাদের দেশে এ ক্ষেত্রে চরম ঔদাসীন্য ও অপরিণামদর্শিতা দেখিয়ে যাওয়া হচ্ছে, যার পরিণামই এই বিপর্যয়। এর দায় কোনোভাবেই নিশ্চয় সংশ্লিষ্টরা এড়াতে পারে না।
    গত এক দশকে সুন্দরবন এলাকায় লবণাক্ততা বেড়েছে ৫০ থেকে ৬০ শতাংশ। বিশেষজ্ঞদের আশঙ্কা, আবহাওয়া পরিবর্তন ও লবণাক্ততার প্রভাবে আগামী দু'দশক নাগাদ সুন্দরবন থেকে সুন্দরী গাছ বিলীন হয়ে যেতে পারে। দেশের অন্তত ৪০ লাখ মানুষ প্রত্যক্ষ ও পরোক্ষভাবে সুন্দরবনের প্রাকৃতিক সম্পদের উপর নির্ভরশীল। কাজেই তেলবাহী জাহাজডুবির ফলে সৃষ্ট ক্ষয়ক্ষতি দ্রুত কমিয়ে আনাসহ ভবিষ্যতে এমন ঘটনার পুনরাবৃত্তি রোধে ব্যবস্থা নেয়া জরুরী।
    অপার সম্পদরাজিতে ঐশ্বর্যম-িত সুন্দরবন কিছু মানুষের দুর্বৃত্তপনায় বা অপরিণামদর্শিতায় ধ্বংস হয়ে যাবে, এটা কোনোভাবেই মেনে নেয়া যায় না। সুন্দরবনের সম্পদ সংরক্ষণে আজ পর্যন্ত সঠিক কোনো নীতিমালা ও পরিকল্পনা বাস্তবায়নের দৃষ্টান্ত নেই। বিষয়টি অত্যন্ত পীড়াদায়ক। সুন্দরবনকে তার স্বাভাবিক রূপ ও প্রাণপ্রবাহে ফিরিয়ে আনতে এখনই উদ্যোগ নিতে হবে।
    বাংলাদেশ ভূখণ্ডের সুন্দরবন ধ্বংসের নীলনকশা বাস্তবায়ন হচ্ছে। 
    রামপাল বিদ্যুৎ কেন্দ্র স্থাপনসহ সুন্দরবনে একের পর এক ভারী জাহাজডুবি কি তারই প্রমাণ নয়? 
    সুন্দরবন ধ্বংস মানে বাংলাদেশ ধ্বংস- এ কথা এদেশের সরকার না বুঝলে ভারত ঠিকই বোঝে ও ষড়যন্ত্র করে।
    মূলত, সব সমস্যা সমাধানে চাই সদিচ্ছা ও সক্রিয়তা তথা সততা।


    Monsur Haider <haidermonsur@gmail.com>


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    Nehruvian Economy-A Rootless Wonder!

    http://gfilesindia.com/frmArticleDetails.aspx?id=1066&Name=125th%20YEAR%20OF%20NEHRU

    M.G.Devasahayam

    Posted by: "S. Kalyanaraman" <kalyan97@gmail.com>

    As the first Prime Minister of Independent India who enjoyed uninterrupted power for seventeen long years (1947-64) Jawaharlal Nehru was expected to leave a formidable political, administrative, and economic legacy on which future India was to be built upon. Politically it should have been strong grass-roots democracy based on panchayat raj institutions. Administratively there should have been a paradigm change from a colonial-command system to democratic-participatory framework of governance. Economic development should have been people-centered, opting for 'production by the masses' instead of 'mass production'. In all these Pandit Nehru failed and left a flawed legacy which the country is even now finding difficult to cope with.

    Economy was the worst of Nehru's legacies. I am not a World Bank/IMF economist propounding big-ticket reforms but just a student of economics. I cut my teeth into this "science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses" (Lionel Robbins)in the late fifties around the time when India's 'planned economy' under the stewardship of Pandit Nehru was 'taking off'. Even as a student I was baffled as to how fundamental principles of economics were ignored while chalking out India's 'development strategy.'

    My understanding of economic growth was that there were three pre-requisites for deciding on the development model of a country or a region. One, availability of domestic capital to start and sustain the model. Two, technology to optimize and augment production. And three, a market with purchasing capacity to consume the products. India's economic situation in the initial years of independence was grim with few manufacturing industries, low-level technology, very little income, hardly any national savings and consequently very little capital investment. The big question was: What should be the economic model for India? What should Jawaharlal Nehru do with regard to economic policy in the circumstances prevailing in early fifties?

    The answer was staring at him if only he had cared to look. India at that time did not meet the requirements of a capital intensive, technology-driven and big-ticket economy. But it had all the requisites for a 'small-is-beautiful' agro-based economy model. Limited capital for upgrading agriculture along with value addition activities through micro/small industries could have been found from domestic savings. Labour-intensive appropriate technologies could have been developed with this capital. And with a large population there was always a market for agricultural and food-related products.

    It is on these lines that Mahatma Gandhi had envisaged independent India as one sui generis, a society unlike any other, in a class of its own that would not follow the western pattern of mega industrialisation, urbanisation and individuation. India would be a people's economy charting out a distinct course of need-based, human-scale, balanced economic development while conserving nature and livelihoods. This was the "Third way of Development" on the principle of 'Small is Beautiful' advocated by eminent thinkers like E.F. Schumacher. This alternative model of development avoided the pitfalls of colonialism, capitalism and communism. This model would be rooted on the traditional rural culture of India and not on any imported 'civilisation'. Accordingly India will have to develop an independent economic system, an appropriate technology of self-help, a pattern of trade and political institutions that answer best to its own specific requirements. It should be committed to pluralism and decentralized decision-making.

    After the untimely death of Mahatma Gandhi within months of India's independence, Nehru's alter egoJayaprakash Narayan (JP) took up Gandhiji's unfinished task and pursued the sue generis route to build a strong and self-reliant foundation on which future 'growth' models could be built to make India an economic super-power. With value-added agriculture as the root, appropriate technology and infrastructure as the trunk, manufacturing small/medium industries as branches and widespread service sector as canopy Nehru could have raised the Indian economy as a strong tree. But that was not to be!

    This was because Nehru had other ideas and was looking elsewhere.  His economic philosophy had been outlined as early as 1936 at the Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress: "I am convinced that the only key to the solution of world's problems and India's problems lies in socialism ... In short it means a new civilisation ... If the future is full of hope it is largely because of Soviet Russia and what it has done and I am convinced that if some world catastrophe does not intervene, this new civilisation will spread to other lands and put an end to the wars and conflicts which capitalism feeds.'' He was advocating the inefficient and autocratic economic model of Soviet Russia as a 'civilisation' to be adopted by democratic India!

    True to his aristocratic upbringing Nehru was also influenced by the Bombay Plan of 1944 chalked out by the industrial bigwigs of the time including JRD Tata, GD Birla, Purushottamdas Thakurdas, Lala Shri Ram, Ardeshir Dalal, AD Shroff and Kasturbhai Lalbhai, assisted by economist John Mathai who was close to the Tata group. The Bombay Plan laid great emphasis on public investment in the social and economic infrastructure, emphasised the importance of agrarian reform and agricultural research, setting up educational institutions and a modern financial system. It strongly advocated transition from agrarian feudalism to industrial capitalism without laying proper foundation for a Swadeshi economy. Nehru also could not cast away his colonial loyalties and the influence of the industrial revolution of the West.

    Torn between these opposing thought processes Nehru wanted to create a balance between the rural and the urban as well as agricultural and industrial sectors in his economic policies. He saw no contradiction between these and stated that they could go hand in hand. Nehru hailed western-style large and heavy industries as 'temples of modern India' and big dams to be the very symbol of India's collective growth and source of energy. For Nehru "industrial engineering and agriculture met on a common platform". He did not find any conflict in developing Chandigarh, an elitist-rich city as 'symbol of modern India' while allowing thousands of villages to rot without even the most basic necessities of life and livelihood. He was also promoting nuclear energy meant to serve only a highly centralized industrial economy.

    This was Nehru's brand of mixed economy that brought together disparate elements-command and control colonial structure; highly centralized government-owned Soviet communism and the relatively decentralized private-owned industrial capitalism-under one roof. Communists and capitalists were tied together and asked to march towards prosperity and progress under the tutelage of colonial institutions! Though Nehru dreamt of achieving the best of these systems, India ended up suffering the worst of all these. This was reflected in the high level of state and central control that was exercised on the industrial and business sectors of the country and the culture of corruption and mediocrity prevailing in government and public sector. The rigorous state laws and License rules put a great degree of restrain on the free execution of industrial policies for growth and employment generation. Even the farmers, along with the business personnel, found themselves at the receiving end of rigorous state control policies and high taxation.

    The natural corollary was widespread poverty, unemployment and deep-set iniquity. Institutions of governance became tools of the government and the power brokers to command and harass the people the way they wanted. As a result the ordinary Indian who strove to contribute his mite to the economic and social well being of the country faced obstacles at every turn. Socialism as practiced by Nehru was 'state capitalism' and economic autocracy giving overwhelming power to government functionaries over citizens' lives and activities. Under this system of management, corrupt and unscrupulous parasites living on others' labour flourished and honest entrepreneurs who stood on their own feet and stuck to certain principles suffered ignominies. Incompetent and unprofessional governments indulged in wanton wastages and squandering of resources and were unable to deliver basic services to the citizens. The country and its people were reduced to poverty and penury making them incapable of 'realising their potential'.

    Volumes can be written on the damage caused to Indian economy by Nehru's 'directionless' and muddle-headed policies which his daughter Indira Gandhi pursued for the next near-two decades of dynastic rule. She made virtue of the poverty (garibi) that her father created, coined the slogan of 'garibi hatao' (banish poverty) and won a massive electoral victory in 1971. When this orchestrated agenda flopped and public anger surfaced in the form of JP Movement against corruption, unemployment and price rise she resorted to political dictatorship by imposing Emergency to implement her autocratic economic agenda!

    All these have left deep impact on India's economy, which are reverberating even today. Barring certain regions agriculture continues to be primitive with productivity at very low levels. Farming continues to be 'a gamble in the monsoon' as it was during Nehru's days. What is worse, value addition in agriculture with commercial processing at mere 2/3 percent is among the lowest in the world. Bihar of the fertile Gangetic belt, where massive steel industries came up during Nehru's time at the neglect of agriculture had fallen between two stools and is today the poorest in all parameters of development.

    Choking of entrepreneurship through excessive bureaucratic controls and the resultant languishing of small/medium industries have resulted in huge unemployment/underemployment. To remedy this in 2014, Prime Minister Modi virtually begged the big industrialists-in India and abroad- to come and 'make in India' even as people are queuing up to buy goods 'made in China'!

     Even five decades after the exit of Nehru from the scene India is not ready to become a capital intensive, technology-driven and big-ticket economy. We depend upon Foreign Direct and Institutional Investments to bring in capital and technology for setting up large infrastructure and industrial projects. This is because Indian economy continues to be a rootless wonder and most of the 'credit' for this goes to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru whom his acolytes continue to proclaim as the 'Maker of Modern India'. What an irony!

    ------------------

    '71% Indians expect first year of Modi govt. to boost economy'

    November 30, 2014 11:48 IST

    http://www.business-standard.com/

    Most Indians expect their personal happiness will improve over the next five years, posing a concrete benchmark against which to measure the future success of Modi govt.

    All politics may be local, but in a global society national economies and the well-being of a country's citizens are increasingly benchmarked against their peers around the world.

    As the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi finishes its first half year in office, its accomplishments will first and foremost be judged in comparison to the record of its predecessor, the administration of Manmohan Singh.

    But Indians are also members of an international community. They have opinions about the health of their nation's economy, its prospects, the state of their lives and the future for both themselves and the next generation. How those assessments stack up against judgements made by people in other comparable economies — by Bangladeshis, Brazilians, Chinese and Indonesians about their own lives — may be the second yardstick history will ultimately use to assess the Modi government's record.

    As Modi took office, a Pew Research Center survey showed that Indians (64 per cent) were more likely to think well of their nation's economy than were people in other emerging markets (median of 39 per cent good) or developing economies (51 per cent).

    Nevertheless, Indians were significantly less happy with their national economic situation than were the Chinese (89 per cent). To the extent that Modi and many in the Indian business community want to emulate China's success, the Indian people say there is a long way to go.

    Modi was elected on the crest of a wave of public economic optimism. Roughly seven-in-10 Indians (71 per cent) expected their country's economic situation to improve during Modi's first year in office. Such optimism dwarfed that in other emerging markets (48 per cent) and developing nations (57 per cent). Specifically, it exceeded that in Brazil (63 per cent) and Indonesia (55 per cent). But, again, it trailed that in China (80 per cent).

    In addition, two-thirds (67 per cent) of the public anticipated that the current generation of Indian children would be better off financially than their parents. While this exceeded the generational expectations of others in emerging (49 per cent) and developing (51 per cent) societies, it notably lagged that in China (85 per cent) and ran slightly behind in Brazil (72 per cent) and even Bangladesh (71 per cent).

    At an individual level, on both absolute and relative terms, Indians are less sure of their personal well-being. On a ladder of life satisfaction, a standard polling measurement where 10 represents the best possible life and 0 represents the worst possible life, only 44 per cent of Indians placed themselves somewhere between step seven and 10. Such life satisfaction is less than the median in other emerging markets and significantly behind that in Brazil (73 per cent), China (59 per cent) and Indonesia (58 per cent).

    Nevertheless, 64 per cent of Indians expect their personal happiness will improve over the next five years, posing a concrete benchmark against which to measure the future success of the Modi government. Specifically, to realise their ambitions to get ahead, Indians put a priority on a good education (60 per cent), the importance of which to average Indians dwarfs the value of knowing the right people (26 per cent) or belonging to a wealthy family (24 per cent). Notably, the priority Indians give to education as the means to a better life far exceeds the importance accorded schooling by the Chinese (27 per cent). This all suggests that Modi's success may be closely tied to his ability to improve educational opportunities for all Indians.

    Finally, Indians are particularly worried about inequality: 70 per cent say the gap between the rich and the poor is a very big national problem. Such concern far exceeds that in China (42 per cent) and even in Bangladesh (34 per cent). Modi's success in narrowing  that gap may prove yet another yardstick by which he is eventually measured both domestically and internationally.

    Clearly, Indians have high national expectations for the Modi tenure. They will largely judge his success compared with their lives before he took office. But Indians are no longer isolated from the rest of the world. Many increasingly know of China's success and of advances in the standard of living in other emerging markets.

    The Modi government has and will use such comparisons to goad economic reforms in India. But benchmarks work both ways. And if the public's sense of its own well-being and that of the nation does not improve in both absolute and relative terms, the Modi government may eventually be called to account.

    Bruce Stokes is director of global economic attitudes at the Pew Research Center

    Posted By - Dinesh Agrawal  - dinesh1234@gmail.com; on Monday, December 01, 2014

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    How Nawab of Awadh's resolution of a similar conflict of Hanumangarhi in Ayodhya can hold lesson for justice
                  
    By S. Aziz Haider,
    December 6 has arrived once again! 22 years have passed since the disputed Babri Masjid was razed to the ground. There is no doubt that the issue will be discussed once again in various forums and on social media. The young India of whom we are proud of and who dominates the usage on social media was either not born or was too young when politics changed the land of Ram Lalla in '92. For them, it is an event in history of Independent India and nothing more.
    All through independent India's history, Babri Masjid-Ram Janambhoomi dispute has continued to simmer in one form or the other. The only thing different this year is that for the first time we have at Centre a full-fledged majority rule of BJP – the party that is seen as championing the cause of Hindus. While VHP has asked Hindus in Ayodhya to put up saffron flags atop their houses, the local BJP MP – Lallu Singh – has distanced himself from all this saying that Ram wants houses of the poor to be built before his own house. Time will tell whether BJP has really become serious about the houses of the poor (as lot many poor were houseless even in 1992) or this issue is being put to rest for raising it again at an opportune time.


    Courtesy: Hindustan times
    One thing which matters is that we have Narendra Modi as the Prime Minister. Modi is seen as a no-nonsense man who goes by his mind which means that in his rule and hence we should expect the issue to be resolved this way or the other. It is but natural that the issue, owing to it being at centre-stage for so many years, has got entangled with emotions, passions and religious fervor of majority of Indians – be they Hindus or Muslims. For a ruler, however, it is mandatory not only that justice is done but it must appear so as well. Unfortunately, with mistrust prevailing between both communities, it is not easy to find a solution. No solution can be reached as long as there is not a sincere will to find a solution.
    Looking back in history, we found one particular incident very similar to the Babri Masjid-Ram Janambhoomi issue, the only difference being that there was a weak monarchy ruling over Ayodhya and British were the instigators while we have a democracy now where votes matter more than anything else. Let's go back in history to look at the issue, how it was flared up and how a solution was reached. It is said, if there is a will, there is a way!
    Year is 1855! The last of the Awadh Nawabs, Wajid Ali Shah is at helm of affairs. Perhaps only for namesake as there is a British Resident staying at a stone's throw distance from his seat of power. He is not in total command as several thousands of British forces are stationed nearby, being paid salaries from the Nawab's exchequer. Alleged British sponsored intrigues and political murders are common and the infamous policy of divide and rule has shown rich dividends. Now the Resident Commissioner is looking for excuses to annex this most prosperous territory in India – the Awadh.
    Politically sidelined, Wajid Ali Shah has taken to patronizing art and culture in a big way. New markets are being developed, fresh incentives to traders being given and artisans encouraged at par with artists. Administration is still largely in the Nawab's hand, being closely watched by the British for their nefarious plans. This is also the time when the famous Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb (culture) is at its peak. Muslims are celebrating Diwali and Holi with élan while Hindus are keeping tazias on Moharram, as a symbol of respect for the martyred at Karbala. At this juncture, Hanumangarhi episode takes place, which could have marred all the good work done by this Nawab during the past 9 years of his rule.
    Mismanaged, and it threatened to take away his entire kingdom. But what Wajid Ali Shah eventually revealed was that he was a man who had risen above the narrow domestic walls of sectarian beliefs.
    Hanumangarhi, not to be confused with the Ram Janambhoomi-Babri Masjid site, is a cluster of temples in Ayodhya. The temples, it is said, were built by the money of Nawab Safdarjung, great grandfather of Wajid Ali Shah. A Muslim living with Hindus in this area (most likely instigated by the British or by those who do not like co-existence between the two communities) came out proclaiming that Hindus have demolished a mosque that was situated in between the temple complex. The matter took a serious turn as about a dozen Hindus and more than 70 Muslims got killed in the communal clash that followed. The Muslims presented a petition to the Nawab and beseeched him to intervene as a Muslim on this plaint. Not to go by what they wanted, Wajid Ali Shah instituted a commission, setting a 3-member committee consisting of a Muslim, a Hindu and a British officer. These three men were Raja Man Singh, Agha Ali Khan- the nazim at Faizabad and Captain Orr of the East India Company.
    The Commission reported that there was no mosque within the precincts of Hanumangarhi. These three men went to Ayodhya and succeeded in bringing Hindus and Muslims together. Agreement was arrived and a deed of compromise executed.
    The matter would have been settled but some Muslims started an agitation claiming it to be an act of appeasement. A Muslim Maulvi Ameer Ali, threatening Jihad, vowed to go to Ayodhya and rebuild the mosque. As he with his followers marched to Ayodhya, the Nawab sought the fatwa of the chief cleric Mujtahid Sayyad Muhammad Nasirabadi, a scholar of the famous Khandan-e-Ijtihaad family. The chief cleric in consultation with the senior most Ulema from Firangi Mahal (another Muslim institution of repute) ruled that since it was established there was no mosque, constructing the mosque was not permissible by Islam as it would hurt the sensibilities of the Hindus.Armed with the fatwa, the Nawab's forces confronted Maulvi Ameer Ali and his followers at Rudauli, a little distance away from Faizabad, as he proceeded towards Ayodhya to do a kar seva of sort and build a mosque.
    In the battle that ensued, Ameer Ali was killed and his followers either killed or made to flee. And the Hanumangarhi episode was resolved once and for all.
    The great justice that the erstwhile Nawab of Lucknow may have delivered also left several detractors. It is nearly impossible that each and everybody gets pleased. But a sincere willingness to find a compromise is the need of the hour without which it will not be possible to do away with widespread discontent.
    Acts like those of last Nawab of Awadh laid the foundations of that great Hindu-Muslim unity, which historians never fail to mention. It was due to this that when the Nawab was dethroned by the British about a year later, a general atmosphere of restlessness prevailed all over Awadh, which resulted in several skirmishes even prior to the great fight for independence in 1857. Nearly the entire population of Awadh fought against the British forces in 1857; some of the fiercest battles took place on the banks of Gomti in Lucknow and Ganga in Cawnpore (Kanpur), where Hindus and Muslims fought shoulder to shoulder with their common enemy. And it was not mere co-incidence that Mangal Pandey, who actually started it all at a remote cantonment in Meerut, belonged to a small village near Faizabad, in the very vicinity of Ayodhya itself.
    More than a century and a half later, a similar story has been enacted. Hindus and Muslims came to loggerheads at the same venue Ayodhya. We have seen that even the intervention of Shankaracharya of Kanchi in the past failed to resolve the problem. Innumerable Jehadis and Kar Sewaks were born out of this conflict, which still threaten to tear the social fabric apart. Still there are some who are talking of building a monument by force, this time a temple over the ruins of a structure revered by the other community as mosque till some time back.
    There is one major difference though. Politics of the vote bank has replaced the monarchy, adding new dimensions to the erstwhile divide and rule policy followed by the British. Unity between Hindus and Muslims has been made a martyr at many a sacrificial pyre, by the near fatal blows of fundamentalists and politicians. And instead of a quick and impartial resolution to the conflict, the matter is simmering since decades, whose most brutal eruptions have lately been seen, time and again.
    Is there a silver lining then? Can the politicians be trusted that they won't dip their loaf of bread in a little more of human blood before eating? Are we to know for sure whether the religious heads of either community are not nursing their own personal ambitions, political or otherwise? And are Indian Hindus and Muslims again going to act as naïve siblings unable to comprehend the ferocious propaganda aimed at them? The truth remains hidden and will be out in future!
    It is time for every right (not rightist) thinking citizen of India to speak now, without reconciling themselves to the decree of the politicians. Perhaps answer lies in Wajid Ali Shah's words itself as he described the infamous Hanumangarhi episode in poetry:
    Hum ishque ke bande hain mazhab se nahin vaqif
    Gar Kaaba hua to kya butkhana hua to kya.
    (We are the votaries of love and unacquainted with religion;
    To us it does not matter, whether it is Kaaba or a temple.)


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    SDPI condemns saffron brigade for forcible Agra conversions; urges NCM to look into entire conspiracy

    Submitted by TwoCircles.net on 12 December 2014 - 11:20am
    By TCN News,
    Bhopal: The Social Democratic Party of India (SDPI) has vehemently condemned the saffron brigade, which reportedly indulged in alleged forced conversions at Agra.
    Around 300 Muslims were allegedly forced to convert into Hinduism at Agra earlier on Monday. However, a day later these families claimed they were tricked into conversion in an event couched as "homecoming ceremony"
    SDPI national president A Sayeed said that such reports stoke fears of the rise of the Hindu right fringe, which has shown signs of assertiveness since the election of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. "Is RSS afraid of PM Modi's independence and popularity? Or is the RSS trying to undermine PM Modi? It seems the other way around, may be PM is afraid of RSS," Sayeed said in a statement.
    Sayeed urged the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) to look into the entire conspiracy of forcible conversions by Sangh Parivar groups across India and take up cases under appropriate laws against its leaders, "who have been aiding and abetting this." The NCM should direct the Ministry of Home Affairs to take tangible steps against this practice by the Sangh Parivar, he demanded.
    Secular political parties are not willing to take communal forces head on for fear of losing "Hindu votes". "The RSS has built up a violent and hate-filled atmosphere in the country that no one has dared to challenge. The RSS and its affiliates under the 'patronage' of the government are making concerted efforts to stir up hatred and communal conflagrations in various parts of the country but political parties' meek response is disappointing," the statement said.
    He said the Sangh Parivar is apparently in a hurry and is taking advantage of the BJP's ascendance to power to convert India into a Hindu Rashtra, an objective that would be resisted by all right-thinking people in the country.
    Apparently, there appears to be a definite pattern and imprint in the violent incidents and designs to keep the minds of the minorities agitated and as such there is no hesitation in saying that the members of the ruling party and their patron organisations are responsible for this state of affairs, he said. "They have changed the tactics as low-intensity riots are taking place that do not attract international attention. He said Gujarat-like or anti-Sikh riots brought international disrepute to the country that is why they have changed the tactics," Sayeed affirmed.
    The way the Sangh Parivar and its frontal organisations such as the RSS and the Bajrang Dal are aiming to change the demographic picture of the country, it is extremely alarming, he said, and questioned: "How come there are so drastic demographic changes which did not happen over centuries and have happened just in last few decades?"
    The statement stated that this forced conversions may be in frustration as Islam is the fastest-growing religion in the West, particularly United Kingdom (CNN & ABC report) because it teaches Truth (worship one and only God). This is confirmed by Hindu scriptures as well. "Those whose intelligence has been stolen by material desires, surrender unto demigods and follow the particular rules and regulations of worship according to their own natures." [Bhagavad Gita 7:20]. Similar types of statements are also mentioned in all 4 Vedas such as Yajurveda 32:3/5 & Rigveda Book 8, hymn 1, verse 1," it said.
    Sayeed said people want development, jobs and wealth. They don't want these aspirations undermined by the violence seeking, disruptive and anti-national actions of these RSS, Bajrang Dal loonies. If it is not stopped, it will cause communal tension in the whole country. The government must take strict action, the statement added.
    News: 

    __._,_.___

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    Muslims as SC, health surveys on religion and background basis: Kundu Committee

    Submitted by TwoCircles.net on 10 October 2014 - 9:57pm
    By Nivedita Khandekar, TwoCircles.net,
    New Delhi: The Post Sachar Evaluation Committee headed by Prof. Amitabh Kundupresented its final report to Dr. Najma A Heptulla, the Union Minister for Minorities Affairson Thursday.
    Earlier, among the important recommendations / observations of this Committee's interim report – submitted in March 2014 – were inclusion of Muslim artisanal groups (referred to as ajlaf) as 'Most Backward' sub-category along with other similarly placed caste groups from other religions; inclusion of Muslims in SC category and carrying out surveys that cover the burden of acute and chronic diseases by "religion and other background characteristics."

    Dr. Najma A Heptulla
    Dr. Najma A Heptulla
    The Ministry of Minority Affairs had constituted this Committee under the chairmanship of Prof. Kundu of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, and seven other eminent social scientists in September 2013. The mandate of the committee was to evaluate the process of implementation of Sachar Committee Report and the Prime Minister's 15 points programme (for minorities). The committee was also asked to assess the outcome of the programmes implemented by Ministry of Minority Affairs and other Ministries and to recommend the corrective measures.
    The members of this Committee visited some of the states with substantial Muslim population. The members interacted with NGOs, individuals and government departments associated with the task of implementing welfare schemes launched by the Centre to evaluate its functioning.
    As per the interim report's observation, the ST Hindus are at the bottom of the economic ladder in rural areas, followed by SC and then by Muslims, their ranking remaining unchanged over the past two decades and as also the period post adoption of SCR (socio-religious categories). The interim report (therefore) recommended that many of the Muslim artisanal groups (referred to as ajlaf by Sachar Committee) can be included in the 'Most Backward' sub-category along with other similarly placed caste groups from other religions.
    It also recommended including Muslims in the SC category, making it legal in a manner similar to the SC/ST Prevention of Atrocity Act.
    Observing that "the lower percentage of Muslim households participating in public employment programme, compared to Hindu or Christian households, suggests that any overt employment programmes are unlikely to address the problem of the Muslims – the most deprived minority in the labour market", the Committee suggested increased participation in higher education and technical fields will help the Muslims to eventually move to better quality jobs.
    "As regards the high unemployment among the youth especially among the rural females, it would be necessary to develop an environment that helps the unemployed Muslim youth relocate themselves from homes and take up the jobs in manufacturing and modern service sectors," it said.

    Dr. Najma A Heptulla
    In the 'health' section, it had suggested that government surveys such as National Family Health Survey (NFHS) collecting data on health issues should collect and publish data by religion and other background characteristics. It further said, "Health surveys should cover the burden of acute and chronic diseases by religion and other background characteristics as against the current scenario where only maternal and child health indicators are considered" and added that all Muslim-concentration districts (MCDs) be made part of Annual Health Surveys (AHS) so that the impact of health and other schemes targeted at them can be tracked.
    A very important observation was that the Muslims lag behind even the SCs in terms of access to amenities, and this problem needs to be addressed, irrespective of their better child health outcomes, due to community characteristics.
    The overall literacy rate, school attendance rate and higher educational attainment rates are all very low among the Muslims, with never attended or currently not attending and dropout rate from education system being high, the report said and observed: "Muslim children generally drop out at a very young age, compared to the children from other SRC. At all the levels of education, OBC Muslims, however, are the most deprived group. Percentage of persons with vocational and technical training was also very low among them.

    Dalit Muslim volunteers at the rally
    File photo
    It also blamed non-availability of disaggregated data at the SRC and area levels for several schemes that makes assessment of the effectiveness of the schemes for different communities extremely difficult. "(As a consequence), it has not been possible to assess the benefits that have gone to different religious communities, and especially Muslims, barring the scholarships and Madarsa modernization schemes," it said.
    "Furthermore, due to lack of block level data, the investment meant for the minorities in MCDs has gone to non-minority concentrated blocks," the report pointed out and welcomed the government effort at targeting minority concentrated blocks in recent years that will make the area based schemes more effective and meaningful to minorities.
    A whole chapter in the interim report was devoted to Waqf properties' management. The interim report had suggested that "waqf properties must be exempted from certain enactments to serve the greater philanthropic purposes of waqf properties through minor amendments."
    One of the important recommendations in this chapter dealt with the innumerable waqf properties, despite being a place of worship and of religious reverence, could not be touched by Waqf boards as these are declared as protected monuments under the control of the Archeological Survey of India (ASI). "These lists – of protected properties – must be annually reviewed and their conditions assessed in a joint meeting of senior officers of the ASI and the Central Waqf Council," it had said.


    Prof. Amitabh Kundu
    The interim report also said the National Waqf Development Corporation Ltd (NAWADCO) can be given a boost by making its functioning Shariah compliant as a section of Muslims stay away from interest based projects and usurious transactions. "The corporation could work towards creating a level playing field with other Muslim welfare/affairs organisations such as the Tabung Haji of Malaysia. This would also attract investments from Muslims in large numbers strengthening the Corporation and extending larger welfare to greater number of people."
    As per mandate of the committee, it evaluated and assessed the implementation of the of the recommendations of the Sachar Committee and made suggestions for obtaining better outcome in its Final Report submitted to the Minister of Minority Affairs.
    After submitting its interim report in March 2014, the Committee asked for an extension. The previous UPA government had given the extension and asked it to submit the report by September, 2014. The final report was submitted on Thursday.
    "We are very happy with the very positive response from the Minister. She promised us proper implementation (of recommendations) as soon as possible," Dr Kundu told TCN


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            क्या   संस्कृति बचाणो ठेका गांवळुङ्क ही च ?  

                                    शहरी चबोड़्या   ::: भीष्म कुकरेती  


    ग्रामीण चेतना - हैं ! क्या भै ! प्रवासी ! आज तो तू खुसी मा इन उछळणु छे जन भुज्यांद दैं मुंगरी उछळदन , भुज्यांद दैं जुंडळ तिड़कदन या बरखा हूंदी मिंडक  उछळदन ?  
    प्रवासी  गढ़वळि मनिख -हाँ आज मीन एक कार्यक्रम मा भाषण दीणो जाण अर मीन भौत बढ़िया भाषण तयार कर याल !
    ग्रामीण चेतना -कार्यक्रमौ नाम क्या च ?
    प्रवासी  गढ़वळि मनिख - "गढ़वाल में समाप्त होती गढ़वाली संस्कृति 'अर मीन बि ये कार्यक्रम मा भाषण दीण। 
    ग्रामीण चेतना -त्यार भाषणों शीर्षक क्या च ?
    शहरी मनिख  -डाँड्यूं -कांठ्यूं की फिकर  समोदरौ छाल  पर !
    ग्रामीण चेतना -अरे वाह ! सागर तट पर पहाडुं की चिंता हैं ?
    शहरी मनिख  -हाँ मीन जोर दार ढंग से बताण कि कै हिसाब से गढ़वाळम गढवळि संस्कृति खतम हूणि च। 
    ग्रामीण चेतना -अच्छा ! तीन उदाहरण बि देइ ह्वाल कि कै तरां से गढ़वाळम संस्कृति विणास हूणु च ? 
    शहरी मनिख  -हाँ हाँ ! जन कि अब गढ़वाळम क्वी तैडु खुदणो जंगळ नि जांदन , बसिंगु नि खांदन अर लोग चाऊ -माउ पर पर ढब गेन। जब मि ये बारा मा भाषण देलु तो हॉल ताळयूं से गूंज जालो।   
    ग्रामीण चेतना -अवश्य ही प्रवासी अपण चिंता ताळी पीटिक दर्शाला।  
    शहरी मनिख  -कळि , बसिंगु , गींठी , सिरळ खाण हमारी संस्कृति छे अर हम गढ़वळियूंन कळि , बसिंगु , गींठी , सिरळ खाण बंद करि आल।  हमर लोग ऊख गाउँ मा संस्कृति भंजक चाऊ -माऊ खाण लग गेन।  पता नही हमारी संस्कृति का क्या होगा ?
    ग्रामीण चेतना -भौत भौत बढ़िया ! यु भाषण इन लगणु च जन बुल्यां तुमर जिकुड़िक उमाळ  च। 
    शहरी प्रवासी   -अरे भै जिकुड़ि  जळदि , जिकुड़ि पर छाळा पोड़ जांदन , दिमाग खराब ह्वे जांद जब हम दिखदा , सुणदा अर इंटरनेट मा पढ़दा कि गढ़वाळम  लोग अपण पारम्परिक भोजन छोड़िक दुसर देसौ भोजन शैली अपनाणा छन।  
    ग्रामीण चेतना -हाँ प्रवास्युं तैं मातृ भूमि चिंता हूण लाजमी च भै। 
    शहरी प्रवासी  -खान -पान -भोजन -पेय पदार्थ ही त संस्कृति संवाहक हूंदन। यदि पारम्परिक खाण -पीण इ बंद ह्वे ग्याइ गए तो समझि ल्यावो संस्कृति रसातल जोग ह्वे  ग्याइ । आज तकरीबन हरेक सजग , संवेदनशील , शिक्षित प्रवासी अपण गढ़वाळम खत्म होती परम्परा से परेशान च। वै प्रवासी की समज मा आणु इ नी च कि खतम हूँदि परम्परा तैं कनै रुके जावु ?
    ग्रामीण चेतना -तुमर इख आज सुबेर क्यांक नास्ता बौण ?
    शहरी प्रवासी  -आज हमन कॉन्टिनेंटल ब्रेकफास्ट कार।  माई चिल्ड्रन लाइक कॉन्टिनेंटल ब्रेकफास्ट। 
    ग्रामीण चेतना -ब्याळि तुमर ड्यार क्या नास्ता बौण ?
    शहरी प्रवासी  -ब्याळि ! हाँ ब्याळि हमर इख मेक्सिकन सिम्पल चिलाक्लीज विद फ्राइड एग्स बणीन।  मेरी वाइफ़न मेक्सिकन कुजीन बणाणो क्लास जि ज्वाइन कौर छे। 
    ग्रामीण चेतना -परसि क्या ब्रेकफास्ट कौर ?
    शहरी प्रवासी  -परसि ? हाँ !फिलिपाइनी ब्रेकफास्ट चैम्पोराइडो  कार मि तैं फिलिपाइनी कुजीन भौत पसंद च । मीन खुद फिलिपाइनी ब्रेकफास्ट  कुक  कार। 
    ग्रामीण चेतना -भौत बढ़िया ! 
    शहरी प्रवासी  -हम हर दिन ,  एक ना एक  फॉरेन डिशेज अवश्य बणौन्दा।  
    ग्रामीण चेतना -किलै ?
    शहरी प्रवासी  -अरे भै ! ग्लोबलिजेसन कु युग च तो सोसाइटी मा रौण तो इंटरनेशनल हैबिट तो अपनाण इ पोड़ल कि ना ?
    ग्रामीण चेतना -हाँ सही बात च।  बाइ द वे आपक इख क्या क्या गढ़वळी भोजन बणद ? 
    शहरी प्रवासी  -मेरी वाइफ अर बच्चों तैं गढ़वळि कुजीन बिलकुल पसंद नी च।  तो हमर इख क्वी बि गढ़वळि खाणक नि बणद।  
    ग्रामीण चेतना -वाह ! जैक इख ढ़वळि कुजीन बिलकुल नि बणद वु रुणु च कि गढ़वाळम पारम्परिक खान -पान बंद हूणु। च मतबल गढ़वळि संस्कृति बचाणो ठेका गढ़वाळ का लोगुंक ही च !  अफु त इंटरनेसनल बणन चांदु अर दुसरौ तैं हिदैत दीणु च कि तू कुंवा कु मिंडक बण्यू रौ। 



    13/12/14 ,Copyright Bhishma Kukreti , Mumbai India 


       *लेख की   घटनाएँ ,  स्थान व नाम काल्पनिक हैं । लेख में  कथाएँ चरित्र , स्थान केवल व्यंग्य रचने  हेतु उपयोग किये गए हैं।

    Thanks ,MR Rajan!

    RBI revolts to do anything in accordance with RSS Hindu agenda!As Raghuram Rajan Says It's Not The Regulator's Job to Boost Sensex


    Says export-led growth strategy will not be beneficial for India as China already has a strong presence in this area even as global economy recovery remains hazy!

    Sounding a note of caution against Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 'Make in India' campaign, RBI governor Raghuram Rajan on Friday said it should not focus only on manufacturing.


    It is a war crime against the people of India to link Indian economy with Dollar hegemony which is further linked to the global economy which is breaking up.

    Palash Biswas

    Raghuram Rajan, Manmohan Singh and Lord Meghnad Desai with others at 'Bharat Ram Memorial Seminar' at Ficci in New Delhi. (TOI Photo)

    Reference:Modi had announced the ambitious 'Make in India' programme at his first Independence Day speech from ramparts of Red Fort to attract overseas investments and make the country a global manufacturing hub.


    It is a war crime against the people of India to link Indian economy with Dollar hegemony which is further linked to the global economy which is breaking up.The International Energy Agency said prices are likely to come under further pressure, as it cut its outlook for growth in demand next year.


    You know that big smile you've had on your face lately as you fill up your gas tank? Well, keep smiling. Oil prices have fallen again. U.S. crude settled below $58 a barrel today, a level not seen since the 2009 recession. NPR's John Ydstie has this report on the impact of those lower prices.


    Ironically,Uncle Sam is not smiling at all.


    Not even Narendra Bahi Modi seems to be smiling at all.


    Rather the government of India has to wipe out the smil at every Indian face as it is trying the create an artificial energy crisis to hold on US business and economy at the cost of Indian industry,business and of course,the people including all the taxpayers and those who do not afford to pay the taxes.


    America says:There's been a good deal of handwringing about the rapid fall in oil prices. The stock market has suffered as shares of oil industry companies have been hit and companies like Stone Energy Corporation, based in Lafayette, Louisiana, are cutting back their plans for exploration and development. Stone Energy's Ken Beer says with prices at current levels, it's hard to justify more drilling.


    Modi and his government is working to cover up the acute problem faced by the Global manager of crude Oil,USA having shifted the burden on one billion and more of Indian consumers snatching the subsidy which should continue considering the steep fall of crude oil prices but the business friendly government of India is trying its best to kill subsidy on name of cash subsidy for which no Bank should be responsible,neither the gas agencies.


    Meanwhile at home,the most persecuted executive, subject to most intense corporate lobbying,has declared a war against the free market growth saga and the phenomenon of free flow of foreign capital and black money in Indian economy.Banking on high voltage Hindutva ,the Billionaire Millionaire ruling hegemony is pressing hard to adjust interest rates yet again and the RBI governor does not oblige.Rather,he dares to say that the  the role of a regulator is not to boost Sensex, he said. Higher Sensex can at best be a collateral benefit not a primary objective... the underlying growth is more important, he added.


    Sounding a note of caution against Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 'Make in India' campaign, RBI governor Raghuram Rajan on Friday said it should not focus only on manufacturing.He said when India pushes manufacturing exports, it will have China to contend with and an export-led growth will not be as easy as it was for the Asian economies who took that path before India.



    "I am...cautioning against picking a particular sector such as manufacturing for encouragement, simply because it has worked well for China. India is different, and developing at a different time, and we should be agnostic about what will work," Rajan said while speaking at the Bharat Ram Memorial Lecture in Ficci.


    He further said there is "danger when we discuss Make in India" as something which is focused on manufacturing, "an attempt to follow the export-led growth path that China followed. I don't think such a specific focus is intended".



    However,I dare not to guess about the next step of the renowned  corporate lawyer who turned to be the finance minister of India.Despite North Block trying its best to push for a rate cut to instil growth, RBI has so far practiced restraint and made it clear it will not tinker with rates until inflation level comes down to 4%. "A 'Volker'-like disinflation was never on the cards in India, but an Urjit Patel glide path fits us very well, ensuring moderate growth even while we disinflate. Going forward, we will discuss with the government in an appropriate timeline within which theeconomy should move to the centre of the medium-term inflation band of 2-6%," said Rajan. The RBI governor will meet the finance ministry in the next two to three weeks time to discuss this.



    Mind you,the RBI governor says, export-led growth strategy will not be beneficial for India as China already has a strong presence in this area even as global economy recovery remains hazy!On maintaining a balancing act between inflation and growth, Rajan hinted that the RBI will follow a very cautious approach, and reminded the government that mere dependence on monetary policy will not work. "Monetary stimulus will not do. The government needs to work on infrastructure," Rajan added.


    Congrats! At least one among the whole lot of neoliberal children of economics dares to speak the truth at last which we had been emphasize for last twenty three years that the economy might not be doctored without addressing the basic problems of the economy!Without addressing the problems of the agrarian sector in neck deep trouble! Without addressing the plunging industrial as well as agrarian growth rates.


    SENSEX indices may not cure Indian economy inflicted with viral free flow of Black money ejecting out the entire classes of producers and workers and employees out of the economy,practicing ethnic cleansing against nature associated communities to sell off national resources,devastating entire indigenous production system for outsourcing and service sector and linking the economy with dollar hegemony and oil economy!


    Raghuram Rajan endorsed our concern.Thanks ,MR Rajan!


    From Make in India to instilling growth in the economy, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) governor Raghuram Rajan on Friday gave a piece of his mind, which is unlikely to go down well with the Central government.DNA comments.


    Wary over the world economy's appetite for yet another export-oriented economy, in the context of China already having a strong presence, Rajan said, "Export led growth strategy will not pay for India as it did for the Asian economies including China due to the tepid global economic recovery, especially in the industrial countries. A regional focus for exports will pay off. But the world as a whole is unlikely to be able to accommodate another export-oriented China." He was addressing Bharat Ram Memorial Lecture at Ficci.

    Rajan, however, clarified that the he was not against exports. In what could be seen as the first critique of PM Modi's Make in India slogan, Rajan said, "I am counseling against an export-led strategy that involves subsidising exporters with cheap inputs as well as an undervalued exchange rates simply because it is unlikely to be as effective at this time. I am also cautioning against picking a particular sector such as manufacturing for encouragement simply because it has worked well for China," he said.



    Governor Raghuram Rajan on Friday addressed India's top corporates on issues confronting the domestic and global economies. His speech came at a time when both the government as well as India Inc. have been gunning for a rate cut in view of the sharp slowdown in inflation.

    Here are the important highlights of Dr Rajan's speech as NDTV reported:

    1) Boosting markets not the regulator's job: The RBI Governor stood his ground on interest rates and said central bankers have to go against popular opinion. The role of a regulator is not to boost Sensex, he said. Higher Sensex can at best be a collateral benefit not a primary objective... the underlying growth is more important, he added.

    2) No tradeoff between inflation and growth: Dr Rajan said a central bank focused on containing inflation will ensure best conditions for sustainable growth. He added that "a glide path" towards lowering inflation to those levels worked best for India by ensuring moderate economic growth.

    3) "Make for India" also important: For "Make in India" to succeed, the government needs to implement ambitious infrastructure plans and reduce the cost of doing business in India, Dr Rajan said. But "Make for India" is equally important because external demand is weak, he said.

    4) India does not need to go out of the way to get foreign investors: "If we make it easier for young companies to do business in India, it will create a transparent and quick system and will do the same for foreign investors," Dr Rajan said.

    5) Need for fiscal prudence: Noting that the new government has indicated that it will stick to the fiscal consolidation path, the RBI governor proposed a debate on whether India needed more institutions "to ensure deficits stay within control and the quality of budgets is high."

    6) India needs foreign finance, but the best bet to attract foreign investment is through long-term equity or foreign direct investment, he said. FDI also brings new technologies and methods, Dr Rajan added.

    7) Domestic demand should be financed through domestic savings: This will ensure systemic stability and not precipitate a crisis seen last summer, when hot money exited India at the first hint of a crisis, he said. "Some budgetary incentives for household savings could help ensure that the country's investment is largely financed from domestic savings," Dr. Rajan said.

    8) World cannot absorb two Chinas: Over the last three decades, most East Asian countries have developed on the back of export-based growth. Counselling against such a policy, Dr Rajan said subsidizing exports with cheap inputs and undervaluing exchange rate will be unproductive as India is different from China.

    9) Global economy remains weak: The US is the only major economy growing currently. Many economies are near deflation and secular stagnation has been building in the global system. Policy makers have to do more than resorting to monetary stimulus (print money) to lift growth.

    10) Middle class growing anxious: Incremental growth is coming from new technologies and globalisation, which means that a lot of routine jobs have gone away. The middle class is desperately anxious in US and Europe, Dr Rajan said.

    http://profit.ndtv.com/news/economy/article-raghuram-rajan-says-its-not-the-regulators-job-to-boost-sensex-712041

    "...I am counselling against an export led strategy that involves subsidising exporters with cheap inputs as well as an undervalued exchange rate, simply because it is unlikely to be as effective at this juncture," he added.


    Further, he also said it may not be proper to see 'Make in India' as a strategy of import substitution through tariff barriers.


    "This strategy has been tried and it has not worked because it ended up reducing domestic competition, making producers inefficient, and increasing costs to consumers," Rajan said.


    He also said that India should also focus on domestic demand and create a unified market with a view to reduce transactions cost.


    "If external demand growth is likely to be muted, we have to produce for the internal market. This means we have to work on creating the strongest sustainable unified market we can, which requires a reduction in the transactions costs of buying and selling throughout the country.


    "Improvements in the physical transportation network... will help...A well designed GST bill, by reducing state border taxes, will have the important consequence of creating a truly national market for goods and services, which will be critical for our growth in years to come," he added.



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      Misuse Of Mosques For Politics: Shahi Imam calls for Love Jihad in Friday Sermon; 'convert them and marry them, this is the only reply to attempts at forcible conversion of Muslims to Hinduism'
    (By New Age Islam Special Correspondent) 
    Misuse of mosques for politics has reached its peak. In an incendiary speech from the Jama Masjid, Delhi its imam called Muslims to engage in love jihad as the only suitable response to attempts by Hindutva forces to convert 200 Muslims in Agra on 8 December and the announcement that thousands more will be converted in Aligarh on 25th December.
     "Convert them and marry them. This is the only suitable response to attempts at converting Muslims to Hinduism," he told thousands of Muslims listening to his speech within the mosque and outside.
     In his 41-minute political speech, descending at times to the language of the gutter, he announced, amidst chants of Allahu Akbar (God is Great!), the Muslims will never accept a second class citizenship status in this country and will keep fighting for their rights, despite the thousands of riots, including the one Muslims will never forget, the one that happened in Gujarat in 2002. ...
    The Imam was full of praise, however, for the electronic media, particularly Times Now whose anchor Arnab Goswami had given munhtor jawab (appropriate reply) to the spokesmen of Hindutva parties on his show on 11th of December.
    He said this country is secular because the majority of people are secular.  Only 31 per cent voters have supported the saffron alliance. He repeatedly invoked the rights given to minorities by the constitution of India. He said the country is moving in the direction of another partition. The present-day situation is beginning to resemble the situation in 1947. But Muslims have to work to save this country from another partition. It's our duty.

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    Quality Education For Muslim Children In Madarsa


    Summary

    Integrated Approach to Technology in Education (ITE) in 20 Madarsa as a Model in Varanasi and Jaunpur Madarsa students specially to girls.Improve Learning Processes and Pedagogy: The technology as an information processing tool takes away the traditional information giving role of the teacher. This basic functionality of technology by default requires the teachers to take a facilitative than an informative role. The ITE approach requires the teachers to play a central role.

    What is the issue, problem, or challenge?

    India's secular character provides the freedom to all citizens to choose their own religion, a right provided in t of the Constitution of India. It also ensures that the state cannot discriminate on the basis of religion. However, in reality, things are different. The marginalization of the Muslim community the largest among the minority groups is complete. This has been corroborated by the Prime Minister's High-Level Committees on Minorities in 2006, headed by Justice Rajinder Sachhar.

    How will this project solve this problem?

    Bridge the digital divide and foster digital citizenship of Muslim Minority Create learning interest, attendance and retention Learning achievement Improve learning processes and pedagogy

    Potential Long Term Impact

    ITE will create an interest in the subject matter as given in the school text books. This genuine interest in learning and the opportunity to create something of their own, using computers, cameras, and phones will attract the learner to knowledge creating resources. Also, this will, in itself make school relevant and connected with the learning centres. Bridging the digital divide entails proficiency in technical skills ensuring a better future for the children and adolescents.

    Funding Information

    Total Funding Received to Date: $425
    Remaining Goal to be Funded: $58,375
    Total Funding Goal: $58,800

    Additional Documentation

    This project has provided additional documentation in a DOCX file (projdoc.docx).

    Resources


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    Section 153A in 'The Indian Penal Code, 1860'
    153A. 1[Promoting enmity between different groups on ground of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc., and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony:–
    (1) Whoever-

    (a) by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise, promotes or attempts to promote, on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, caste or community or any other ground whatsoever, disharmony or feelings of enmity, hatred or ill- will between different religious, racials, language or regional groups or castes or communities, or
    (b) commits any act which is prejudicial to the maintenance of harmony between different religious, racial, language or regional groups or castes or communities, and which disturbs or is likely to disturb the public tranquillity, 2[ or]

    (c) 2[ organizes any exercise, movement, drill or other similar activity intending that the participants in such activity shall use or be trained to use criminal force or violence or knowing it to be likely that the participants in such activity will use or be trained to use criminal force or violence, or participates in such activity intending to use or be trained to use criminal force or violence or knowing it to be likely that the participants in such activity will use or be trained to use criminal force or violence, against any religious, racial, language or regional group or caste or community and such activity for any reason whatsoever causes or is likely to cause fear or alarm or a feeling of insecurity amongst members of such religious, racial, language or regional group or caste or community,] shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

    (2) Offence committed in place of worship, etc.– Whoever commits an offence specified in sub- section (1) in any place of worship or in any assembly engaged in the performance of religious worship or religious ceremonies, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to five years and shall also be liable to fine.]
    295A. 5[ Deliberate and malicious acts intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs.– Whoever, with deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of any class of 6[ citizens of India], 7[ by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise] insults or attempts to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of that class, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to 8[ three years], or with fine, or with both.]
     
    Application and Citations of this Law:
     
    . It is brought to our notice that author is an eminent literateur in the State who has written many books and made research in Vachana Sahitya. Therefore, we think it is just and proper that if the author intends to remove the offending portions from the book, it is open to him to file a proper petition before the Government and on filing such petition, in case if Government is satisfied that offending portion is removed from the book, the Government may consider the same and permit the petitioner by lifting ban. We will place on record that the Public Prosecutor fairly stated that if author is ready to remove the offending portion, the Government has no objection to lift the ban.
     
    46. In view of the considered finding mentioned above, no ground is made out by the petitioner to hold that the notification dated 26-9-1997 under Section 95 of the Act confiscating and proscribing the book "DHARMA KARANA" by the State Government is not just and proper."
     
    Source:
     

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    आधी रात के सोर 5

    कभी-कभी सोचता हूँ
    क्या था मुझ में, 
    कि जो ,
    मेरे संपर्क में आयी
    नयी पीढ़ी ने
    मुझ में खोज निकाला है.
    वह नयी पौध, 
    वे, जो मेरे अध्यापकीय जीवन की
    वाटिका में साल-दर साल उगती रही,
    और कुछ पाकर और
    बहुत कुछ देकर
    अपनी मंजिल की और
    बढ़्ती चली गयी.
    और मैं केवल मील के पत्थर
    या मार्ग संकेतक
    की तरह अपने स्थान पर
    खड़ा रहा.

    उनके जीवन में
    ऐसे मील के पत्थर
    अनेक आये होंगे, 
    जैसे हम सब के 
    जीवन में आते हैं,
    यदा-कदा, हम उन्हें 
    प्रसंग आने पर याद कर लेते हैं
    पर वह पौध,
    जो आज पल्लवित होकर
    तल्लीताल के
    रिक्शा स्टैंड से लेकर
    दिल्ली के मुगल उद्यान तक
    जीवन के हर क्षेत्र में
    विकीर्ण हैं 
    आज भी मेरे साथ 
    जुडे हुई हैं,
    ऐसा क्या था मुझ में
    जो उन्हें औरों में नहीं मिला
    या जो पौध मेरे संपर्क में आयी,
    वह कुछ विशेष थी.

    फिर भी
    मुझ में कुछ विशेष है,
    ऐसा यदि उन्हें लगा हो, 
    तो वह उनका है
    जिन्होंने
    मेरे अन्तस को ढाला था,
    पिता हों, दादी हो
    या मेरे गुरु जन,
    या मुझ एकलव्य
    के वे गुरु, जिनसे मेरा साक्षात्कार
    पुस्तकों के माध्यम से हुआ था
    किन्तु जो द्रोणाचार्य नहीं थे,
    द्रोणाचार्य, जो अपने आका 
    की चापलूसी और पेट के लिए
    अपनी माटी के पुतले को
    गुरु मान लेने मात्र के बदले
    उपासक का अंगूठा,
    उसकी सामर्थ्य, छीन लेते हैं

    जो मुझे मिले,
    उनमें गुरुडम नहीं था,
    केवल अपनापा था,
    दिशा देने की चाह थी, 
    वात्सल्य था,
    इसीलिए शायद मेरी दृष्टि 
    अध्यापक की मेज के आगे,
    सहमे, सिकुड़े से बैठे 
    वर्तमान पर न होकर,
    अपनी मेज से भी बहुत
    ऊपर उठने में सक्षम
    भविष्य पर रही
    इसीलिए मैं उनमें
    अपने व्यवहार से
    समाज के सबसे निचले
    पायदान पर
    किसी सहारे की तलाश करते
    लोगों की ओर उन्मुख करने 
    और मानव मूल्यों का
    उन्मेष करने में लगा रहा
    क्योंकि
    मेरे सामने बैठे अनेक बच्चों में
    गाहे-बगाहे
    मेरा अतीत झाँकने लगता था.
    और यही अतीत
    लगभग सर्वहारा अतीत,
    मुझे शब्दों से आगे 
    व्यवहार की ओर भी
    धकेलता रहता था.
    और मेरा संकल्प,
    इस सड़ी- गली- व्यवस्था की
    दीवार से ईंटों को
    निकाले के प्रयास में ही
    अपनी सार्थकता का संकल्प,
    मुझे सदा प्रेरित करता रहा
    फिर मेरा युग भी
    शायद कुछ अलग था
    वह युग 
    जब माता-पिता
    बच्चों को अपनी विफलताओं
    के प्रतिकार का 
    माध्यम नहीं, 
    नयी संभावनाओं के
    अंकुर समझते थे,
    पानी देते थे, गोड़्ते भी थे
    काट-छाँट भी करते थे,
    पर ये अंकुर उगते ही
    फल देने लगें
    और 
    उनके अनुसार विकसित होकर
    उनकी लागत को
    चुकाना आरम्भ कर दें,
    यह सोच 
    शायद तब इतनी उग्र नहीं थी
    वह सोच, जो
    विशाल वृक्ष की संभावना वाले
    पौधों को भी 
    बोनसाई बना रही है.

    फिर मेरा विषय साहित्य,
    जैसे उडान के लिए खुला आकाश,
    और
    अपना सब कुछ 
    उडेल देने के लिए आतुर
    बादल सा मेरा मन,
    शायद यही कुछ था
    जिसका उपहार
    मेरे मन में 
    ताजगी भर देता है.

    वे अंकुर, जिनकी पौध शाला में भी
    वर्षों पहले
    नये अंकुर उभर आये हैं
    किसी भी माध्यम से,
    मुझे स्पन्दित कर, 
    मन में सुबह की ओस सी
    नयी ताजगी भर जाते हैं
    और मेरी बूढ़ी होती देह में
    तब का जवान मन
    हरियाने लगता है.


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    বৃটিশ সা্ম্রাজ্য বিরোধী যুদ্ধের দুই মহপ্রানসেনাপতি হযরত সূফী নুর মোহাম্মদ নিজামপুরী (চট্টগ্রাম) ও হযরত মাওলানা ইমামুদ্দীন বাঙ্গালী (নোয়াখালী)
    - কমরেড মেহেদী
     
    বৃটিশ ভারতের পাঞ্জাব ছিল শিখদের শাসনাধীন। রঞ্জিত সিংহের শাসনামলে মুসলমান প্রজাদের উপর নেমে আসে নির্মম অত্যাচার। প্রতিহিংসা এমন এক পর্যায়ে উঠে যার ফলশ্রুতিতে রক্তের বিনিময়ে বর্বরতম ভূমিসত্বের প্রবর্তন করা হয়েছিল। মুসলমান হোসেন খেল উপজাতিদের একশ মাথার বিনিময়ে সীমান্তে হিন্দু অধিবাসীদের গ্রাম পত্তনি পাট্টা দেওয়া হয়েছিল। ১৮২৪ খ্রীষ্টাব্দে শহীদ সৈয়দ আহমদ ব্রেরলবী পেশোয়ার সীমান্তে পার্বত্য অধিবাসীদের মধ্যে বিপ্লবের বাণী প্রচার করতে শুরু করেন। ১৮২৬ সালে বৃটিশ ভারতের পাঞ্জাব সীমান্তে বিপ্লবী শিবিরের গোড়া পত্তন করেন।  ১৮২৭ থেকে ১৮৩০ খ্রীষ্টাব্দের মধ্যে বৃটিশ সাম্রাজ্যের বিরোধী যোদ্ধারা পাঞ্জাব সীমান্ত রাজধানী পেশোয়ার দখল করেছিল। ১৮৩১ খ্রীষ্টাব্দে রাজপুত্র শের সিংহের সেনাবাহিনী দ্বারা অর্তকিতে আক্রান্ত হয়ে সৈয়দ আহমেদ ব্রেরলবী সাহদা বরণ করেন।
    হয়রত সৈদয় আহম্মদ শহীদ ভারতের সীমান্ত প্রদেশের দিকে যাওয়ার সময় সূফি নূর মোহাম্মদ নিজামপুরী তাঁর সাথে ছিলেন এবং বিভিন্ন যুদ্ধে অংশগ্রহন করেন। ১৮৩১ সালের ৬ মে ঐতিহাসিক বালাকোট প্রান্তরে ইতিহাস বিখ্যাত বালাকোট যুদ্ধ সংগঠিত হয়। এ যুদ্ধে শহীদ সৈয়দ আহম্মদ ব্রেলবি শহীদ হন। নেতার মৃত্যু এবং অস্ত্রের অভাবে বিপ্লবী যুদ্ধারা ক্রমশ: দুর্বল হয়ে পড়েন। কিন্তু শাহ সূফি নূর মোহাম্মদ নিজামপুরী বিন্দুমাত্র নিরাশ না হয়ে বীর বিক্রমে যুদ্ধ করে গাজী খেতাবে ভূষিত হন। নেতার মৃত্যুর পর তিনি সেনাপতির দায়িত্ব পালন করেন। এ যুদ্ধে তিনি গুরুতরভাবে আহত হন।
    জনাব মোহাম্মদ সাইফুল হক সিরাজীলিখেন-"মজররদ শব্দ হযরত শাহ সূফি নূর মোহাম্মদ নিজামপুরী রাহঃ এর নামের একটি অবিচ্ছেদ্য অংশ ধরা হয়। মজররদ শব্দের অর্থ চিরকুমার। সূফি সাধক শাহ নূর মোহাম্মদ দার পরিগ্রহ করে সংসারের বেড়াজালে আবদ্ধ হতে চাননি। চিরকুমার থাকা অবশ্য আল্লাহর রাসুলের সুন্নাতের বরখেলাফতবে সূফি সাধকদের মধ্যে দেখা যায়অনেকেই সংসার ত্যাগ করে আল্লাহর ধ্যানে জীবন কাটিয়ে দেন। দুর্গত মানবতার সেবায় যাঁরা আত্মোসর্গ করেনতাঁদের পক্ষে নিজেদের আরাম-আয়েশসুখ-স্বাচ্ছান্দ্যের প্রবণতা ত্যাগ করার প্রয়োজন হতে পারে। তবে তাঁদের সংসার বিরাগকে তাঁরা অন্যদের জন্য আদর্শ হিসাবে তুলে ধরেন না। চিরকুমার ছিলেন বলেই শাহ নূর মোহাম্মদ মজররদ নামে খ্যাত ছিলেন। শাহ নূর মোহাম্মদ (রাঃ) এর জীবনের ব্রত ছিল যাহিলিয়াতের মধ্যে নিবদ্ধ মানুষের মধ্যে সত্য এবং সুন্দরের প্রতিষ্ঠা করা। দৃষ্টিহীন মানুষের কাছে ইসলামের সাম্যন্যায়ের বাণী পৌছে দেওয়ার জন্য তিনি মাতৃভূমি ত্যাগ করে অন্য রাজ্য ভ্রমণ করেন। ধর্ম নির্বিশেষে মানুষ শান্তির জন্য তাঁর কাছে আসতো। তাঁর কর্মজীবনে বিবাহ বন্ধন অনুকূল অবস্থা সৃষ্টি করবে বলে তিনি মনে করেননি। দুর্গত মানবতার সেবায় যাঁরা আত্মোসর্গ করেনতাঁদের জন্যে স্ত্রী এবং সন্তান-সন্ততির প্রতি লক্ষ্য রাখার সময় কোথায়। অপরাপর সূফি সাধকের ঐতিহ্য রক্ষিত হয় তাঁর জীবনেও। যে বয়সে পুরুষেরা সাধারণত বিবাহ করে সে বয়সে তিনি বিভিন্ন স্বাধীনতা সংগ্রাম,যাদাহফুলজইয়াজার মায়ারকাবুল কান্দাহার ও বালাকোট যুদ্ধসহ অসংখ্য যুদ্ধে অংশগ্রহণ ও নেতৃত্ব প্রদান করেন। কাজেই এদিক থেকে সূফি নূর মোহাম্মদ নিজামপুরী রাঃ এর বিবাহ না করার যৌক্তিকতা খুঁজে পাওয়া যায়।" (মোহাম্মদ সাইফুল হক সিরাজীর রচিত গাজীয়ে বালাকোট মুজাহিদে ইসলাম হযরত শাহ্ সূফি নূর মোহাম্মদ নিজামপুরী রাহঃ এর জীবনী পৃষ্টা ৮৩-৮৪।)
    গাজীয়ে বালাকোট হযরত নিজামপুরী এর মাজার শরীফ চট্টগ্রাম জেলার নিজামপুর পরগানার মীরশরাই থানার অর্ন্তগত মিঠানালা (মালিয়াইশ) গ্রামে অবস্থিত।
    হযরত মাওলানা ইমামুদ্দীন বাঙ্গালী হযরত নিজামপুরীর পীরভাই। তিনি বালাকোট যুদ্ধে অংশগ্রহণ করেন। তিনি নোয়াখালী জেলার বেগমগঞ্জ থানার হাজীপুরের অধিবাসী ছিলেন। পরবর্তীতে তিনি নোয়াখালী সুধারামের নিকট সায়েদুল্লাহপুরে বসবাস করেন। বৃটিশ ঐতিহাসিক ডব্লিউ ডব্লিউ হান্টার তার রচিত 'দি ইন্ডিয়ান মুসলমানস' পুস্তকে লিখেছেন- বৃটিশ সাম্রাজ্যের বিরুদ্ধে যুদ্ধে যোগদান করার জন্য বাংলাদেশ থেকে ২ হাজার মাইল পায়ে হেঁটে অসংখ্য স্বাধীনতা সংগ্রামী সীমান্ত শিবিরে উপস্থিত হয়েছিল। কারো কারো মতে হযরত ইমামুদ্দীন বাঙ্গালী এ সকল কাফেলার নেতৃত্ব দিয়েছিলেন। হযরত ইমামুদ্দীন বাঙ্গালী সম্পর্কে বিস্তারিত জানার সুযোগ হয়নি। ভবিষ্যতে গবেষণার মাধ্যমে আরও তথ্য পাওয়া যাবে বলে আশা করি।
    উল্লেখিত মহাপুরুষগণ শুধুমাত্র আধ্যাতিক নেতা,পীর-আউলিয়া ছিলেন নাতাঁরা দেশপ্রেমিক স্বাধীনতা সংগ্রামীও ছিলেন। তাঁদের এ দিকটার কথা দেশবাসী ভুলে গেছে। দেশবাসী এ সকল মহাপুরুষদের মাজারে যান গুণাহসমূহ মাপরোগ-ব্যধি থেকে মুক্তিব্যবসা-বাণিজ্যে উন্নতিসংসারের সুখ-শান্তি এককথায় প্রার্থীব সুযোগ-সুবিধার জন্য হুজুরের দোয়া চাইতে। এ সকল মহাপুরুষরা দেশের স্বাধীনতার জন্য যে বীরত্বপূর্ণ সংগ্রাম করেছেনযে ত্যাগ স্বীকার করেছেন তার সেই ইতিহাস তুলে ধরার জন্যই আমার এই ক্ষুদ্রপ্রয়াস।
    সহীদ সৈয়দ আহমদ ব্রেলবির ইন্তেকালের পর স্বাধীনতা সংগ্রামীরা সিন্ধুর ওপারে 'সিত্তানা' নামক মহাপনে ঘাটি স্থাপন করেন এবং হানাদার বৃটিশ বাহিনীর বিরুদ্ধে মহাপরিক্রমে যুদ্ধ শুরু করেন। এ প্রচন্ড যুদ্ধ সর্ম্পকে বৃটিশ ঐতিহাসিক ডব্লিউ ডব্লিউ হান্টারের বিবরণ নিম্নে প্রদান করলাম। এখানে বলে রাখা দরকার লিখক স্বাধীনতা সংগ্রামীদের বিরুদ্ধে ধর্মান্ধবিশ্বাসঘাতক ইত্যাদি অসৌজন্যমূলক শব্দ ব্যবহার করেছেন। যেহেতু একজন লেখকের উব্ধৃতি দিচ্ছি তাই কোন পরিবর্তন করি নাই।
    ডব্লিউ ডব্লিউ হান্টার তার 'দি ইন্ডিয়ান মুসলমানস'পুস্তকে লিখেন- "১৮৫০ থেকে ১৮৫৭ খ্রীষ্টাব্দ পর্যন্ত আমরা ষোলটি অভিযান পরিচালনা করতে বাধ্য হয়েছিলাম এবং তাতে মোট ৩৩,০০০ নিয়মিত  সৈন্য প্রেরণ করতে হয়েছিল। ১৮৫০ থেকে ১৮৬৩ খ্রীষ্টাব্দ পর্যন্ত পরিচালিত অভিযানের সংখ্যা উঠেছিল কুড়িতে,এবং তাতে নিয়োজিত নিয়মিত সৈন্যর সংখ্যা ছিল ৬০,০০০। তাছাড়া আরো বহু সংখ্যক অনিয়মিত এবং অতিরিক্ত সৈন্য ও পুলিশ। এ সময় সিত্তানা উপনিবেশ থেকে ক্রমাগতভাবে সীমান্ত এলাকায় ধর্মীয় গোঁড়ামীর উস্কানী দিতে থাকা হলেও তারা আমাদের সৈন্য বাহিনীর সঙ্গে সরাসরি সংঘর্ষ এড়িয়ে চলেছে। যেসব উপজাতীয়দের তারা আমাদের বিরুদ্ধে উস্কানী দিয়েছেতাদের হয়ত গোপনে সাহায্য করেছে তারা। কিন্তু তারা নিজে আমাদের বিরুদ্ধে যুদ্ধ করতে সাহস পায়নি। কিন্তু ১৮৫৭ খ্রীষ্টাব্দে তারা আমাদের বিরুদ্ধে প্রকাশ্য আঁতাত গঠন করেছেএমনকি তাদের অসাধু উদ্দেশ্য সাধনের জন্য বৃটিশ কর্তৃপক্ষের সাহায্য দাবী করার দুঃসাহস পর্যন্ত দেখিয়েছে। আমাদের অস্বীকৃতিতে ক্ষিপ্ত হয়ে তারা সদপে আমাদের ভূখন্ড আক্রমন করেছে এবং এ্যাসিস্ট্যান্ট কমিশনার লেফ্টেনেন্ট হর্ণের শিবিরে রাত্রিকালে হামলা করলে তিনি কোন রকমে পালিয়ে প্রাণ বাঁচিয়েছেন। এই হামলার প্রতিশোধ গ্রহণে বিলম্ব করা আর সম্ভব ছিল না। জেনারেল স্যার সিডনী কটন অবিলম্বে ৫,০০০ সৈন্য নিয়ে পাহাড় অঞ্চলে প্রবেশ করেছিলেন। ধর্মান্ধ শিবির আমাদের সীমান্তে যে কতিপয় যুদ্ধে লিপ্ত হয়েছিলএটাই ছিল তার প্রথম। এ সম্পর্কে সংক্ষেপে এইটুকু উল্লেখ করেই আমি এ ধরনের যুদ্ধের নিদর্শন স্বরূপ ১৮৬৩ খ্রীষ্টাব্দে অনুষ্ঠিত দ্বিতীয় যুদ্ধটি সম্পর্কে আলোচনা করব। প্রাথমিক কিছু অসুবিধা অতিক্রম করার পর আমাদের সৈন্যরা বিদ্রোহ সমর্থনকারীদের গ্রাম জ্বালিয়ে দেয়দুইটি গুরুত্বপূর্ণ দূর্গ ভষ্মীভূত করে অথবা উড়িয়ে দেয় এবং সিত্তানায় অবস্থিত বিশ্বাসঘাতকদের বসতি ধ্বংস করে ফেলে। ধর্মান্ধরা অবশ্য পশ্চাদপসরন করে মহাবন পর্বতের অন্তরালে আশ্রয় গ্রহণ করে। এ যুদ্ধে তাদের শক্তি কিছুমাত্র খর্ব হয় না এবং পার্শ¦বর্তী উপজাতীয়রা অনতিকাল মধ্যেই মুলকা নামক স্থানে বিদ্রোহীদের নতুন বসতি স্থাপন করতে দেয়।
    ১৮৬৩ খ্রীষ্টাব্দের ১৮ই অক্টোবর জেনারেল স্যার নেভিল চেম্বারলিনের অধীনে ৭,০০০ সৈন্যসমৃদ্ধ এক বৃটিশ বাহিনী যুদ্ধ যাত্রা করে। এই বাহিনীর সঙ্গে ছিল বিরাট সাঁজোয়া বহরআর রসদ বহনের জন্য ছিল ৪,০০০ খচ্চর ও অন্যান্য ভারবাহী পশু,সারা পাঞ্জাব  তছনছ করে এই রসদ সংগ্রহ করা হয়েছিল। পরের দিন সন্ধ্যায় এই সৈন্যবাহিনীর একটি ব্যুহ জংগলাকীর্ণ বৃক্ষ আচ্ছাদিত বিপদ সংকুল এক গিরিপথে উপস্থিত হয়। এই গিরিপথ আম্বেলা পাস্ নামে অভিহিত। আমাদের আক্রমন ঘাঁটি সুরক্ষিত করা হয়েছিল শক্তিশালী সৈন্য বেষ্টনী দ্বারা। এই বেষ্টনীর পশ্চাতে ছিল অশ্বারোহী,পদাতিক ও গোলন্দাজ বাহিনীর সৈন্যে পরিপূর্ণ সীমান্ত ঘাঁটি সমূহ। আক্রমনকারী সৈন্য বাহিনীর পশ্চাতে উপরোক্ত সামরিক ঘাঁটি সমূহের সমর্থন ছিলএটা খুবই সৌভাগ্যের বিষয়। কারণ ২০ শে অক্টোবর জেনারেল চেম্বারলিন লক্ষ্য করলেন যে,যে সব উপজাতিকে তিনি মিত্র বলে মনে করেছিলেনতারা দ্বিধাগ্রস্থ হয়ে পড়েছে। দু'দিন পরে তিনি সরকারের নিকট এই মর্মে তারবার্তা প্রেরণ করেন যেগিরিপথ থেকে বের হওয়ার আগে তাঁর সৈন্য বাহিনীর বিশ্রাম প্রয়োজন। ২৩শে অক্টোবর উপজাতীয়রা প্রকাশ্য বিরোধীতা শুরু করে। বোনাইর উপজাতীয়রা এই দিন একটি বৃটিশ পরিদর্শক বাহিনীকে আক্রমন করে। এর অল্প কয়েক দিনের পরই সোয়াত রাজ্যে ধর্মীয় প্রধান শত্রুপক্ষে যোগদান করে। ইতিমধ্যে সীমান্তে আরও সৈন্য প্রেরণের আবেদন সংবলিত তারবার্তার পর তারবার্তা সরকারের হস্তগত হতে থাকে। আমাদের সৈন্যবাহিনী বিপদসংকুল গিরিপথে আটকা পড়ে থাকে। ফিরোজপুর রেজিমেন্টের একটি অংশকে সীমান্তে যাওয়ার আদেশ দেয়া হয়। পেশোয়ার  থেকে আরও এক রেজিমেন্ট বাহিনীকে দ্রুত পশ্চিম দিকে প্রেরণ করা হয়। শিয়ালকোট থেকে ৯৩তম হাইল্যান্ডার বাহিনী ও রাহোর থেকে ২৩শ ও ২৪শ পদাতিক বাহিনীও দ্রুত অগ্রসর হয়। তিন সপ্তাহের মধ্যেই পাঞ্জাবের সেনানিবাসসমূহ এমনভাবে সৈন্যহীন হয়ে পড়ে যেলেফটেন্যান্ট গভর্ণরকে গার্ড দেওয়ার জন্য মাত্র চল্লিশজন বেয়নেটধারী সৈন্য যোগাড় করা মিয়ামিররের সেনাপতির পক্ষে কষ্টসাধ্য হয়ে পড়ে।" (দি ইন্ডিয়ান মুসলমানস,ডব্লিউ ডব্লিউ হান্টার, পৃষ্ঠা- ১৪১৫২১ ও ২২)
    এত রক্তএত ঘামএত ত্যাগের পরেও সংগ্রাম সাফল্যমন্ডিত হয়নি। কারণ হিসাবে স্বয়ং বৃটিশ কর্তৃপক্ষের মতে, "অস্ত্রবলে আমরা যে সাফল্য লাভ করতে পারিনি কুটনীতির মাধ্যমে ঐক্যজোটে ভাঙ্গন ধরিয়ে আমাদের সে উদ্দেশ্য সফল হতে লাগল"
     
    কমরেড মেহেদী
    প্রতিষ্ঠাতাগরিবী হটাও আন্দোলন
    সভাপতিগণতান্ত্রিক কর্মী শিবির।
    ওয়েব সাইট: http://comrademehdibangladesh.com/
    ফেইসবুকে লিখাটির উপর মতামত পাঠানোর জন্য বন্ধুদের প্রতি অনুরোধ রইল। 

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    ইউএনডিপির বিবৃতি সুন্দরবনের ভেতর দিয়ে নৌ চলাচল নিষিদ্ধের দাবি
    তারিখ: ১৩/১২/২০১৪
    Bangladesh mainstream Daily newspaper has published  this press communique issued by United Nations which demands to ban commercial navigation in Sundarban to save the world`s biggest mangrove forest which incidentally we share with Bangladesh.An oil tanker accident has poisoned rivers flowing in Sundarban with oil.United nation is worried to save environment and biocyle in Sundarban whereas we talk about the tiger project only.Tigers must be saved and humianity is subjected to be destroyed.
    Bengal chief minister MS Mamata Banerjee has visited Sundarban just before the arrest of her most close minister Madan Mitra involved in Sardha scam.Mamta was accompaned by corporate icons and she overlooked the widows of Sundarban who were to meet her and waiting for her for hours to share their plight with the CM.It did not happen.
    This is just one example how we treat the Sundarbana People at all and how detached we happen to be as far as environment issues are concerned.
    I want to share the report with you.I am also posting the detailed report of the accident published in Bangladesh media with alarming photos.I am afraid to say that Indian media underplays these news items for causes unknown.
    My friend Saradindu Uddipan has just returned from Sundarban and he would be writing about the status of the mangrove in our part in India.I am looking forward to his report which he assured to post as soon as possible.
    Palash Biswas
    Palash Biswas

    সুন্দরবনের ভেতর দিয়ে সকল প্রকার বাণিজ্যিক নৌযান চলাচল স্থায়ীভাবে নিষিদ্ধের দাবি জানিয়েছে জাতিসংঘ। সেখানে তেলবাহী ট্যাঙ্কার ডুবির ঘটনায় উদ্বেগও প্রকাশ করেছে সংস্থাটি। এছাড়া তেলবাহী টাঙ্কার থেকে তেল ছড়িয়ে পড়ার ঘটনায় সরকারকে সহযোগিতা করতেও আগ্রহ প্রকাশ করেছে জাতিসংঘ। বৃহস্পতিবার জাতিসংঘ উন্নয়ন কর্মসূচী (ইউএনডিপি) এক বিবৃতিতে এসব তথ্য প্রকাশ করেছে। 
    গত মঙ্গলবার সুন্দরবনের শ্যালা নদীতে সাড়ে তিন লাখ লিটার তেলভর্তি ওটি সাউদার্ন স্টার সেভেন ট্যাঙ্কার ডুবে যায়। এ সময় ট্যাঙ্কার থেকে তেল বেরিয়ে সুন্দরবনের ওই এলাকার পানিতে ছড়িয়ে পড়ছে। এতে হুমকির মুখে পড়েছে সুন্দরবনের জীববৈচিত্র্য। সংঘটিত দুর্ঘটনায় উদ্বেগ প্রকাশ করে জাতিসংঘ এই বিবৃতি দেয়। 
    জাতিসংঘের অন্যতম প্রতিষ্ঠান জাতিসংঘ উন্নয়ন কর্মসূচীর (ইউএনডিপি) দেয়া বিবৃতিতে সংস্থাটি সুন্দরবনের ভেতর দিয়ে সকল প্রকার বাণিজ্যিক নৌযান চলাচল স্থায়ীভাবে নিষিদ্ধের দাবি জানিয়েছে। পাশাপাশি গুরুত্বপূর্ণ এই প্রাকৃতিক ঐতিহ্যের ক্ষয়ক্ষতি হ্রাস এবং পুনর্বাসন লক্ষ্যে বাংলাদেশ সরকার, জাতীয় ও আন্তর্জাতিক সহযোগীদের নিয়ে সরকারকে সহায়তা করতে আগ্রহ প্রকাশ করেছে তারা। 
    বিবৃতিতে বলা হয়, দুর্ঘটনাকবলিত একটি জাহাজ থেকে সুন্দরবনের ভেতরে তেল নিঃসরণের সাম্প্রতিক ঘটনায় বাংলাদেশ সরকার এবং সংশ্লিষ্ট সংস্থাগুলোর সঙ্গে জাতিসংঘ উন্নয়ন কর্মসূচী সংস্থাও উদ্বেগ প্রকাশ করছে। তেল নিঃসরণ এলাকাটি চাঁপাই অভয়ারণ্য সংলগ্ন, যা বাংলাদেশ সরকার ঘোষিত সর্ববৃহৎ সংরক্ষিত জলাভূমি। এছাড়া গাঙ্গেয় ও ইরাবতি নামক দুটি বিপদাপন্ন ডলফিন প্রজাতির বিচরণ ক্ষেত্র। 
    বিবৃতিতে বলা হয়, শ্যালা নদী পথে সকল প্রকার নৌযান চলাচল সাময়িকভাবে বন্ধের সরকারি সিদ্ধান্তের যে খবর পত্র-পত্রিকায় এসেছে সেটি প্রশংসাযোগ্য। আমরা মনে করি, এ সিদ্ধান্ত সুন্দরবনের ক্ষয়ক্ষতি কাটিয়ে ওঠার কার্যক্রমকে আরও বেগবান করবে। যদিও এ দুর্ঘটনা সুন্দরবনের ভেতর দিয়ে সকল প্রকার বাণিজ্যিক নৌযান চলাচল সম্পূর্ণরূপে নিষিদ্ধ করার প্রয়োজনীয়তাকে আরও একবার মনে করিয়ে দেয়।
    আন্তর্জাতিক অভিজ্ঞতা থেকে আমরা দেখতে পাই, সচরাচর পরিবেশের ওপর এ ধরনের দুর্ঘটনার দীর্ঘমেয়াদি প্রভাব পড়ে থাকে। সেই পরিবেশের পুনঃসংরক্ষণে বহু প্রতিষ্ঠানের সমন্বয়ের প্রয়োজনও হয়। বনসংলগ্ন জলাভূমির ওপর নির্ভরশীল জনপদের ওপরও এর প্রভাব পড়বে। আমরা বৈশ্বিকভাবে গুরুত্বপূর্ণ এই প্রাকৃতিক ঐতিহ্যের ক্ষয়ক্ষতি হ্রাস এবং পুনর্বাসন লক্ষ্যে সরকারী, জাতীয় ও আন্তর্জাতিক সহযোগীদের নিয়ে সরকারকে সহায়তা করতে আগ্রহী। 
    উল্লেখ্য, সুন্দরবন জাতিসংঘের ইউনেস্কো ঘোষিত একটি বিশ্ব ঐতিহ্য। জাতিসংঘ অনেক আগেই সুন্দরবনের ভেতর ওই এলাকা দিয়ে বাণিজ্যিক নৌযান চলাচল নিষিদ্ধের দাবি জানিয়েছে। কিন্তু ২০১১ সালের এপ্রিল থেকে নৌপরিবহন অধিদফতর বন আইন, বন্যপ্রাণী সংরক্ষণ আইন, পরিবেশ সংরক্ষণ আইন, জাতিসংঘের কনভেনশন অন বায়োলজিক্যাল ডাইভারসিটি (সিবিডি), ইউনেস্কোর বিশ্ব ঐতিহ্য কমিশনের নিয়ম লঙ্ঘন করে বনের ভেতর দিয়ে বাণিজ্যিক নৌপথ চালু করে। সর্বশেষ মঙ্গলবার তেলবাহী ট্যাঙ্কার ডুবে যাওয়ার পরে পুনরায় বিভিন্ন জাতীয় ও আন্তর্জাতিক প্রতিষ্ঠান সুন্দরবনের মধ্যে দিয়ে বাণিজ্যিক নৌযান চলাচলের বিষয়ে নিষিদ্ধের দাবি জানিয়েছে।

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  • 12/13/14--20:56: CHOR? Ke Chor?


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  • 12/13/14--21:06: The Poet turns Sixty!


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